Indicator full name: Infant mortality per 1000 live births
Unit: deaths per 1000 births
- Country (COUNTRY)
- Supranational group of countries (COUNTRY_GRP)
- Year of measure (YEAR)
Years data is available: 1970—2015
Last updated: 08 February 2018
- WHO European Region
- Members of the European Union
- Members of the EU before May 2004 (EU15)
- Members of the EU after May 2004 (EU13)
- Commonwealth of Independent States
- Central Asian Republics Information Network members (CARINFONET)
- South-eastern Europe Health Network members (SEEHN)
- Nordic countries
Health 2020 core indicators were agreed by the WHO European Region Member States for monitoring progress towards the Health 2020 targets. Some of these indicators are based on official WHO sources and other are based on non-WHO sources, such as UNESCO and UNDP. Data from WHO sources can be accessed and queried at national level, while data from non-WHO sources is available in aggregated form, for groups of Member States.
Further information: DIR@euro.who.int
The joint monitoring framework (JMF) is used for reporting on indicators under three monitoring frameworks: the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Health 2020 and the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) 2013–2020. The Regional Committee for Europe adopted the JMF in September 2018.
The majority of JMF indicators in the Gateway are linked to existing databases in the Gateway.
EUR/RC68/10 Rev.1 Briefing note on the expert group deliberations and recommended common set of indicators for a joint monitoring framework
EUR/RC68(1): Joint monitoring framework in the context of the roadmap to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, building on Health 2020, the European policy for health and well-being
Developing a common set of indicators for the joint monitoring framework for SDGs, Health 2020 and the Global NCD Action Plan (2017)
European Health Information Initiative:
The European Health Statistics App:
(8) 3.1.a. Infant mortality per 1000 live births, disaggregated by sex
Infant mortality represents an important component of under-5 mortality. Like under-5 mortality, infant mortality rates measure child survival. They also reflect the social, economic and environmental conditions in which children (and others in society) live, including their health care. Since data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases (morbidity data) are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. Infant mortality rate is a Millennium Development Goal indicator.
The infant mortality rate is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 1, if subject to the age-specific mortality rates of that period. The infant mortality rate is strictly speaking not a rate (i.e. the number of deaths divided by the number of population at risk during a certain period of time) but a probability of death derived from a life table and expressed as rate per 1000 live births.
Infant mortality relates to deaths in children less than one year old.