• Unemployment rate (%) Unemployment rate (%) (Line chart)
  • Unemployment rate (%) Unemployment rate (%) (Bar chart)
  • Unemployment rate (%) Unemployment rate (%) (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European Health for All database

Indicators: 618
Updated: 04 October 2023

The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
•    SDR: age-standardized death rates (see HFA-DB user manual/Technical notes, page 13, for details)
•    FTE: full-time equivalent
•    PP: physical persons
•    PPP$: purchasing power parities expressed in US $, an internationally comparable scale reflecting the relative domestic purchasing powers of currencies.

Indicator notes
Unemployment rate (%)
Indicator code: E020501.T

The International Labour Organization (ILO) definition is applied. \"Unemployed\" comprise all persons above a specified age who during the reference period were: without work, currently available for work or seeking work. See any issue of the Yearbook of Labour Statistics for details. Ratio (in %) of total labour force is used. The official estimates from the Employment Statistical Office, as most commonly available, are recommended to be provided if data from ILO are not available. (WHO/EURO uses the ILO Yearbook of Labour Statistics as a common source of data)._
Country/Area notes
Source of data: National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia www.armstat.am . Data
collected annually.
Source: Directorate General Statistics and Economic Information (National Institute for Statistics)
till 1999. From 2000 onwards, National Employment office : situation in June.
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database; Unemployment rate by sex and age - annual average, %
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Total labour force is the number of persons who are capable for work.
Source: Institute for employment BIH. Available up to the war time on yearly basis. Source: CSO war
period - no data available. Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina http://www.bhas.ba/
Federal Office of Statistics http://www.fzs.ba/
Statistical Institute of Republic of Srpska; http://www.rzs.rs.ba
Uploaded definition is from the ILO Definition.
Since 1992 the percentage has been calculated per population estimate. Calculation of previous data
was per 1991 census.
From 2000 the ILO methodology accepted.
Up to 1999, data refer to registered unemployment only. For the next years, the rate refers to the
Labour Force Survey: The years 2000-2003 concern only the second quarter of each year, the rate for
2004 represents the average of the last 3 quarters of the year and from 2005 onwards the given
rates refer to the average of the whole of the reference years.
Source: Czech Statistical Office (CZSO), Labour Force Survey. Data for all years since 1993 adhere
to ILO methods.
Source: StatBank Denmark (www.dst.dk).
1973 - 2006: Table AARD
2007 - : Table AULP01
Source: Labour Force Survey, Statistical Office of Estonia.
Coverage: Includes people aged 15-74.
Data revised in December 2014.
Source: Statistics Finland.
Source of data: In addition to ILO, the source of data for years 1991 and 2003 is the National
Statistical Institute.
Source (since 2004): International Labour Organization (ILO), Yearbook of Labour Statistics
Source (1991-2003): Federal Statistical Office, Labour force Survey
Coverage: According to European demarcation (ILO) data refer to unemployed persons as a percentage
of the potential workforce.
Estimates since 2001 have been revised due to new population estimates based on 2011 census.
Source: Statistics Iceland.
Source: Central Statistics Office. Seasonally adjusted standardised unemployment rates.
Data for persons aged 15+. The definition of labour force characteristics has changed and 1995 is
the bridge year. The inflation method was changed twice;1998 and 2001 are the bridge years. Source:
Statistical Abstract of Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics.
Source: Istat, Labour Force Survey. Data are annual averages.
The unemployment rate is given by the percentage ratio of the population aged 15 and over seeking
employment to the labour force. The latter is given by the sum of people in employment and people
seeking employment. The definition of a person seeking employment refers to the concept of actively
seeking work, i.e. having performed at least one job-seeking action of a given type in the four
weeks preceding the one to which the information gathered during the interview refers and being
available to work in the two weeks that follow.
Source of data: Labour Force Survey of Latvia; population aged 15-74.
Break in time series: Starting from 2007 Unemployment rate according to the Population and Housing
Census 2011.
Source: Central Statistical Office (CSO), Labour Force Survey.
Source: Since 2010, the International Labour Organisation definition is applied.
Before 2010: Ministere du Travail. Publication by Statec.
NSO quotes the figures derived from the Labour Force Survey for 2000 and 2001 in accordance with the
EU regulation. Previous to 2000, reported figures relate to the Employment and Training Cooperation
Data are in accordance with ILO definitions.
Source: Statistical Office of Montenegro.
North Macedonia
Source: State Statistical Office (SSO).
Source of data: Central Statistical Office.
Source of data: National Statistical Institute Coverage: National
Republic of Moldova
Statistical definition of unemployment in the Republic of Moldova meets the definition of the ILO.
Source of data: The source of data on unemployment in Moldova is the Labour Force Survey (LFS),
conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics in accordance with the methodology and definitions of
the ILO. The data on unemployment are published quarterly online: www.statistica.md
Source of data: data received from Romania?s National Institute for Statistics
link: https://statistici.insse.ro/shop/index.jsp?page=tempo3&lang=ro&ind=SOM103A
Source of data: National Statistical Office, Labour Force Survey (ILO definition, age group 15-64).
Source of data: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia.
Percentage of working age population (16+ years).
Source: National Statistics Institute, extracted from ?Economically Active Population Survey?
Source of data: Statistics Sweden, the relative annual unemployment rate (%)
www.scb.se (Online Statistical Database: table: AM0401GD)

The Swedish Labour Force Survey is conducted monthly by Statistics Sweden (SCB). The survey is based
on interviews with some 21000 persons each month. Quarterly estimates are calculated as means based
on the 3 months. Annual estimates are calculated as means of the 12 monthly estimates. Essentially,
concepts and definitions follow the guidelines of the ILO. The classifications of industry and
occupation correspond to the NACE (Nomenclature Generale des Activites Economiques dans le
Communautes Europeennes) and the ISCO 88 COM systems respectively. The survey results regularly
published refer to the population 16-64 years of age. Standard errors are given for some of the
estimates that are presented in the tables (www.scb.se).
Source of data: TURKSTAT.
Data are not available.
The ratio (in %) of officially registered unemployed persons to the total labour force.
Source: State Statistic Department.