Indicator full name: Fetal deaths per 1000 births
Unit: deaths per 1000 births
- Country/Area (COUNTRY/AREA)
- Supranational group of countries (COUNTRY_GRP)
- Sex (SEX)
- Year of measure (YEAR)
Years data is available: 1970—2020
Last updated: 03 December 2021
- WHO European Region
- Members of the European Union
- Members of the EU before May 2004 (EU15)
- Members of the EU after May 2004 (EU13)
- Commonwealth of Independent States
- Central Asian Republics Information Network members (CARINFONET)
- South-eastern Europe Health Network members (SEEHN)
- Nordic countries
- Small countries
The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
Indicator code: E070402.T This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator \"Number of dead-born fetuses\".
Fetal death is death prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy; the death is indicated by the fact that after such separation the fetus does not breathe or show any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles. This data item is used to calculate the fetal death rate and includes fetal deaths according to national criteria (preferably with weight 500 g or more). See ICD-9/10 manual for details. (Data are received from countries for HFA monitoring purposes or extracted from national statistical yearbooks.) Fetal death rate: (Fetal deaths*1000)/(total births)._
Data collected annually, reference period: 31 December.
Breaks in time series: 1985. and 2005 Before 1985 data was collected without information about dead
born foetuses? weight. From 1985 weight became a mandatory requirement in the amended reporting form
of the MoH ?Report on medical care for pregnant women, women in labor and puerperants?.
Starting from 2005 featuses born with weight 500g+ are included in live birth and stillbirth
statistics, after the introduction of the revised version of ICD-10 in the country.
From 2010 these are registered as dead born foetuses.
is due to a better registration of cases between 22 weeks and 180 days.
stillborns with a body weight over 1000 g.
as birth weight data are not available from vital statistics.
The number of dead born foetuses for 1998 includes cases where mothers are residents of the Republic
of Croatia if they were not absent from Croatia longer than one year or those who were not residents
but have lived in Croatia one year or more.
collected by Health Monitoring Unit. For the year 2014 the data for stillbirths are derived from the
Birth Registry of Health Monitoring Unit and are still preliminary. Included are the dead born
fetuses referring to non-residents.
Till March 2012: only fetuses with a weight of 1000 g or more are included
Since April 2012: fetuses with a weight of 500 g or more are included
2004 - : dead-born fetuses born after 22 weeks of pregnancy are included.
Note: In 2006 the number of dead born fetuses might be underestimated.
Source: The Medical Birth Registry, The Danish Health Data Authority.
From 1992 includes weight of 500+ grams. Before 1992 includes weight of 1000+ grams.
Note: From 1987 the MBR data was updated to remove the cases which are born abroad and to include
foreigners not permanently living in Finland (excluded in the data from Vital Statistics Finland).
meet WHO criteria (weight >500 grams or 22 weeks of pregnancy). From 2008, the criteria of weight or
duration of pregnancy is no longer necessary in order to issue a certificate. The data are not
comparable with other countries. The search for a solution is in progress.
1, Reihe 1.1.
http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de
Break in time series: In 1994 the definition of stillborn changed. Since April 1994, only children
with a weight at birth of at least 500 g have been registered as stillbirths. Before 1994, a birth
weight of 1000g was used. Miscarriages (since April 1994, less than 500 g weight at birth,
previously from July 1979, less than 1,000 g weight at birth) are not recorded by the registrars and
are not considered. Therefore, the years prior to 1995 are not comparable with the years from 1995
Stillborn >=22 weeks, or 500 g if duration of pregnancy is unknown. Close to 100% of women undergo
an ultrasound scan at 20 weeks and therefore duration of pregnancy is almost always known.
source was Central Statistics Office.
Break in time series: Up to 2004, figures are registration data and refer to the death of a foetus
weighing 500 grams or more or at a gestational age of 24 weeks or more. Prior to 1995 figures refer
to the death of a foetus at, or over, 28 weeks gestation.
with 22 weeks or more of gestation age. Since 1999 data have improved due to an increased level of
Source: Statistical Abstract of Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics.Since 2005, Mother, Child &
Adolescent Department, Ministry of Health.
Certificates Database. Coverage in 2003: 84% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of
Hospital Discharges. In 2004, 86% of deliveries recorded in National Database of Hospital
Discharges. Coverage in 2005: 92% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital
Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2006: 92.9% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of
Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2007: 93.0% of deliveries, recorded in National
Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2008: 96.6% of deliveries, recorded in
National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2009: 98.2% of deliveries,
recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2010: 98,8% of
deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2011:
98.8% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage
in 2012: 99.9% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year.
Coverage in 2013: 100.3% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the
same year. The number of live births registered in the Delivery Certificates Database in 2013 is:
Organization, were introduce in the country.
pregnancy of at least 22 weeks (or birth weight 500 grams). The statistics until 1990 include only
births with birth weight 1000 grams or more.
Definition: all dead born foetuses are included, even those of less than 500 g and those of unknown
weight at birth.
in the system of collecting and reporting the data of vital and mortality statistics.
gestational age of 22 weeks or more.
The number of dead born foetuses, is derived from the linkage of PRN-data and Population Register
Break in time series: until 2004 the source was Statistics Netherlands: Cause of death statistics.
Includes stillbirths born after a gestational age of 24 weeks or more.
Source of data: Medical certificate of perinatal death.
spontaneous separation or extraction from the mother's body.
Source of data: National Statistical Office.
Coverage: from 1998 onwards data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija Province that is under the interim
civilian and military administration of the UN.
In case of multiple pregnancies, if one of the newborns is born alive, we count between fetal deaths
also the stillborn pair, even if weighing less than 500 grams.
available, the second decision criteria is to provide dead born foetuses with 22 weeks of gestation
Source: National Statistics Institute, extracted from ?Demographic Phenomena. Late fetal death
The Medical Birth Register (NBHW)
The Causes of Death Register (NBHW)
The time series has been updated (2016-04-18) for all available years from MFR (1973-2014), data for
1970-1972 is missing and data for 2015 is not available.
There are also stillborn with weight less than 500 grams in Swedish Medical Birth Register. For many
years was minimum weight 300 g, but for two years ago the minimum weight changed to 270 g.
The definition of stillbirth in Sweden:
In Sweden defines stillbirth (fetal death in utero) as the birth of a child without signs of life
with a gestational age of less than 28 completed weeks. Since 1 July 2008, even children born after
at least 22 complete weeks included. The number of stillbirths reported per 1 000 live births.
Deviation from the definition: Until 2004, the definition of fetal death was a fetus with a size
from at least 30cm. Since 2005, minimal gestation period of 22 weeks or minimal fetal weight of 500g
women, women in labour and puerperant?, and form 14 ?Report on hospital activity?, form 096/y
?Journal of labour?, ?Medical certificate of perinatal death? 0106-2/y.
Coverage: Includes only dead born foetuses 500+ g registered at institutions under the Ministry of
Scotland - General Register Office for Scotland - number of stillbirths registered during the
calendar year. Up to 30 September 1992 the definition includes pregnancies after 28 weeks. From
October 1992 then period is from 24 weeks of pregnancy.
Northern Ireland - Statistics and research Agency.
The number of still births registered during the calendar year
The Stillbirth (Definition) Act 1992 redefined a stillbirth, from 1 October 1992, as a child which
had issued forth from its mother after the 24th week of pregnancy and which did not breath or show
any other sign of life. Prior to 1 October 1992 the statistics related to events occurring after the
28th week of pregnancy.