Indicator full name: Maternal deaths per 100 000 live births, max of cod and clinical data
Unit: deaths per 100 000 live births
- Country/Area (COUNTRY/AREA)
- Supranational group of countries (COUNTRY_GRP)
- Sex (SEX)
- Year of measure (YEAR)
Years data is available: 1970—2020
Last updated: 03 December 2021
- WHO European Region
- Members of the European Union
- Members of the EU before May 2004 (EU15)
- Members of the EU after May 2004 (EU13)
- Commonwealth of Independent States
- Central Asian Republics Information Network members (CARINFONET)
- South-eastern Europe Health Network members (SEEHN)
- Nordic countries
- Small countries
The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
The joint monitoring framework (JMF) is used for reporting on indicators under three monitoring frameworks: the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Health 2020 and the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) 2013–2020. The Regional Committee for Europe adopted the JMF in September 2018.
The majority of JMF indicators in the Gateway are linked to existing databases in the Gateway.
EUR/RC68/10 Rev.1 Briefing note on the expert group deliberations and recommended common set of indicators for a joint monitoring framework
EUR/RC68(1): Joint monitoring framework in the context of the roadmap to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, building on Health 2020, the European policy for health and well-being
Developing a common set of indicators for the joint monitoring framework for SDGs, Health 2020 and the Global NCD Action Plan (2017)
Indicator code: E080109.F This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator \"\".
A maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and the site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes (see ICD-10 manual, vol. 2). Normally, maternal mortality cases are reported to WHO as a part of general mortality data by cause, sex and age. However, in some countries due to the national death certification practices, the number of maternal deaths reported in this way is significantly lower (i.e. coded to another ICD code) as compared with maternal deaths registered in health establishments. These cases are usually reported separately to the Ministry of health and are available as a part of national health statistics. These figures, if different from numbers reported with general mortality data, should be entered under this indicator.
Source of data: National Health Information Analytic Center, Ministry of Health of the Republic of
Armenia http://moh.am/?section=static_pages/index&id=625&subID=824,29. Data collected annually,
reference period: 31 December.
Break in time series:
2014: New electronic data collection system was introduced.
Method: The number of deaths with cause O00-O99.
with mortality data (Statistical Office of Estonia). In 2012 ? one of the two reported maternal
deaths was caused by other causes not related to pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium.
http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de
Coverage: Data contains the number of maternal deaths (ICD-10: O00-O99 Pregnancy, childbirth and the
puerperium). Excluded are cases of late maternal deaths coded with ICD-10 O96 (Death from any
obstetric cause occurring more than 42 days but less than one year after delivery) and O97 (Death
from sequelae of obstetric causes).
Break in time series: From the reporting year 1998, for the first time, data have been collected
according to ICD-10. In the years before 1998, data have been collected according to ICD-9 and cases
on late maternal deaths could not be separated.
2007 figures refer to ICD-10 O00-O99.
Break in Series: From 2011, source used is the Confidential Maternal Death Enquiry in Ireland.
Figures refer to the number of direct and indirect maternal deaths. Direct deaths are defined as
deaths resulting from obstetric complications of the pregnant state (pregnancy, labour and
puerperium), from interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment or from a chain of events resulting
from any of the above. Indirect deaths are defined as those resulting from previous existing
disease, or disease that developed during pregnancy and which was not the result of direct obstetric
causes, but which was aggravated by the physiological effects of pregnancy.
Data for 2011 refer to the average number of deaths which took place 2010-2012 as per the
Confidential Maternal Death Enquiry?s method of producing data over a 3-year rolling average period.
Similarly, data for 2012 refer to the average number of deaths which took place 2011-2013.
probably underestimated maternal mortality.
Coverage: The statistics on causes of death comprise all deaths, covering Norwegian residents,
whether the person in question was a Norwegian citizen or not and irrespective of whether the deaths
occurred in Norway or not.
- Statistics on causes of death has been published annually by Statistics Norway from 1925.
Statistics Norway's Division for Health Statistics is the data processor for the Cause of Death
Registry, which is owned by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (FHI).
- ICD-10 was implemented in 1996.
Further information: http://www.ssb.no/dodsarsak_en.
number of live births.
Source of data: Medical death certificate
Coverage: from 1998 onwards data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija Province that is under the interim
civilian and military administration of the UN.
From 2007 onwards, data are obtained by applying the methodology of triangulation, using death
certificates, birth certificates and hospital discharge reports as sources of data.
Providing Inpatient (www.msssi.gob.es)
Coverage: The data reported are the maternal deaths registered in hospitals public and private
The Causes of Death Register (NBHW)
Online Database: http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/statistics/statisticaldatabase
Non-residents dying in Sweden are not included in the statistics. The causes of death are classified
according to the English language version of the International Statistical Classification of
Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), including the official updates
published on the World Health Organization?s (WHO) website. Since 1987 the ACME system, developed by
the National Center for Health Statistics in the United States, has been used to select the
underlying cause of death. Automated coding of diagnostic terms reported on the death certificate
was introduced in 1993.
women, women in labour and puerperant?, form 066/y ?Hospital discharge record? and 106/y ?Medical