• Gross domestic product (GDP), US$ per capita Gross domestic product (GDP), US$ per capita (Line chart)
  • Gross domestic product (GDP), US$ per capita Gross domestic product (GDP), US$ per capita (Bar chart)
  • Gross domestic product (GDP), US$ per capita Gross domestic product (GDP), US$ per capita (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European Health for All database

Indicators: 618
Updated: 20 November 2023

The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
•    SDR: age-standardized death rates (see HFA-DB user manual/Technical notes, page 13, for details)
•    FTE: full-time equivalent
•    PP: physical persons
•    PPP$: purchasing power parities expressed in US $, an internationally comparable scale reflecting the relative domestic purchasing powers of currencies.

Child and Adolescent Health

The WHO Europe Child and Adolescent Health Database (CAHD) provides a set of statistics based on indicators related to the health and well-being of children and adolescents. The statistics were collated from a variety of databases as a joint effort between WHO program divisions and collaborating centres and partners. The database was constructed for the purpose of supporting the Child and Adolescent Health and Development Strategy (2015), providing the relevant information for monitoring progress on child and adolescent health indicators in the 53 member states of the WHO European Region.

Indicator notes

What is GDP Per Capita?

GDP per capita divides a country's gross domestic product (GDP) by its population, providing a per-person economic indicator. This measure helps us understand the average income and expenditure of a resident in terms of goods and services produced in a country within a specific year.  GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for the depreciation of fabricated assets or for the depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars

Source World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Data imported from World Bank’s World Development Indicators database, indicator NY.GDP.PCAP.CD - GDP per capita (current US$).

European GDP in Global Context

Europe's diverse industrial base, advanced technological sector, developed infrastructure, and robust service industry make it a pivotal player in global economics. Europe's economic indicators don't exist in isolation and the European Central Bank's policies and the euro, the common currency play essential roles in shaping global financial dynamics.

Factors that Determine GDP Per Capita

GDP per capita is more than just a number. It's an indicator of the economic well-being of a country's residents. But what factors determine this value?

  • Economic indicators: These are statistics about economic activities. They give insights into the health of a country's economy, helping policymakers make informed decisions.
  • Purchasing Power Parities (PPP): This is a measure used to compare the purchasing power of different countries. The PPP adjusts GDP figures to give a more accurate comparison by taking into account the cost of living and inflation rates of different countries.

Relative volumes of GDP per capita

When comparing GDP per capita internationally, it's essential to adjust for currency and price differences. Without this adjustment, countries with higher prices might seem wealthier than they are in reality. 

European Countries with the Highest and Lowest GDP

The highest GDP per capita in Europe:

Within the European domain, certain countries consistently outshine others when it comes to GDP. The powerhouse economies of Germany, France, and the United Kingdom often lead the way, backed by strong industries, technological advancements, and trade dynamics.

Germany, often termed the 'engine of Europe,' holds a formidable position, especially with its automotive and manufacturing sectors. France, with its diverse economy ranging from agriculture to high-tech, isn't far behind. The UK, even post-Brexit, maintains a strong financial and services sector, particularly in London, one of the world's premier financial hubs.

Countries with the lowest GDP in Europe:

On the opposite end, nations such as Bulgaria, Romania, and Latvia usually have lower EU GDP per capita. However, it's essential to note that these figures don't necessarily reflect poorly on the economy but rather indicate a combination of factors such as smaller economies, historical economic challenges, and transitioning economies. Each of these countries is in a phase of growth and development, showing promising potential for the future.

Relative volumes of GDP per capita

GDP per capita provides a more nuanced perspective on a nation's economic well-being than just the gross domestic product alone. By dividing the GDP by the country's population, we get a clearer picture of the economic output produced per person. This offers a fair comparison between countries of different sizes, allowing for a more apples-to-apples comparison.

Understanding the Data: What the Numbers Mean

To truly grasp the significance of Europe GDP by country data, it's essential to recognize the influence of factors such as currency conversions, purchasing power parities (PPPs), and nominal vs. real GDP. For instance, using PPPs adjusts the GDP data to account for the purchasing power of different currencies, offering a more leveled playing field for comparisons.

Understanding the GDP per capita in Europe is crucial for both policymakers and businesses. It offers insights into the economic health of nations, helping to craft strategies and make informed decisions. From the consistent performance of any country to the role of international organizations in providing accurate data, Europe's economic landscape is diverse and intriguing.

Country/Area notes
No information