Tools & methods
  • Definition of functional urban areas for the OECD metropolitan database
    With more than half the world’s population now living in urban areas, defining a metropolitan area is critical to reflect the reality of where people live and work as well as the connections between cities and surrounding areas. The OECD has developed a harmonized definition of urban areas in collaboration with the EU. This definition is applied to 29 OECD countries and identifies 1179 functional urban areas of different sizes and that can extend across administrative boundaries. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)
  • Indicators for the European Urban Health Indicators System
    This site allows you to review health indicator performance data by data source, data group and geography. (European Commission, Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety)
  • Project Mégapoles: health in Europe’s capitals
    Health in Europe’s capitals. (European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion)
  • Urban audit
    Indicators include those for demography, social aspects and mortality and tools such as profiles and ranks. (European Commission, Directorates-General for Regional Policy and Eurostat)
  • Addressing the social determinants of health: the urban dimension and the role of local government
    Summarizes the evidence on the social determinants of health in the urban context, drawing on the findings of the global Commission on Social Determinants of Health and the European review of social determinants of health and the health divide. (WHO/Europe)
  • Cities of tomorrow: challenges, visions, ways forward
    The Cities of Tomorrow reflection process raises awareness of the possible future effects of trends such as demographic decline and social polarization and the vulnerability of different types of cities. Also describes opportunities and the role of cities in achieving European Union objectives, especially implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy. Presents inspirational models and visions and confirms the importance of an integrated approach to urban development. (European Commission, Directorate-General for Regional Policy)
  • Conceptual framework for building child-friendly cities
    Identifies the building blocks for a local system of governance committed to fulfilling children’s rights. (United Nations Children’s Fund)
  • Global age-friendly cities: a guide
    Guidance to urban planners on making cities more age-friendly, with the results of a survey in 33 cities in all WHO regions in which older people in focus groups were asked to describe the advantages and barriers they experienced in eight aspects of city living. (WHO)
  • Healthy cities tackle the social determinants of inequities in health: a framework for action
    Provides practical guidance for addressing health inequalities at the local level, with explanations of concepts and examples of how to make a case and decide which interventions to use to effectively address the social determinants of health and to increase commitment to addressing the causes of inequalities. (WHO/Europe)
  • Healthy urban planning in practice: experience of European cities
    Activities of cities in the WHO European Healthy Cities Network to introduce health into urban planning, with six case studies; summarizes the lessons learned and recommends healthy urban planning practices. (WHO/Europe)
  • Cities and climate change
    Climate change (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)
  • Our cities, our health, our future: acting on social determinants for health equity in urban settings
    Summarizes findings on the structural and intermediate social determinants of health that are important in urban settings. (Knowledge Network on Urban Settings, WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health)
  • Promoting physical activity and active living in urban environments. The role of local governments. The solid facts
    Best available evidence on physical activity in the urban environment, with suggestions for policy and practice based on that evidence. (WHO/Europe)
  • Public health significance of urban pests
    The public health risk posed by various pests and appropriate measures to prevent and control them. (WHO/Europe)
  • Urban environment publications
    Links to a series of publications on the theme of urban environments from the European Environmental Agency. (European Union, European Environment Agency)
  • Urban health equity assessment and response tool
    Guide for local and national officials to identify health inequities and plan actions to reduce them using evidence from WHO’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health; encourages policy-makers to use a holistic approach in tackling health equity. (WHO Centre for Health Development, Kobe, Japan)
Related sections
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    Policy: 3Analysis: 10
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    Indicators: 7Visualizations: 17