Policy & analysis
  • Action for equity in Europe. Mayors’ statement of the WHO Healthy Cities Network in Phase III (1998–2002)
    Mayors’ statement of the WHO Healthy Cities Network in Phase III, committing their cities to making the vision for Health for All a reality in the 21st century. (WHO/Europe)
  • Kobe call to action
    As part of a yea-long campaign to raise awareness of urban health issues and engage municipal leaders in the struggle against health inequities in urban settings, government leaders, city mayors and other participants at the Global Forum on Urbanization and Health in Kobe, Japan, undertook to make improvements to various aspects of urban health. These undertakings are documented here. (WHO)
  • Zagreb Declaration for Healthy Cities
    This Declaration expresses the clear and strong commitment of political leaders of cities in Europe to strengthen and champion action on health, health equity, sustainable development and social justice. It celebrates and builds on 20 years of knowledge, experience and public health accomplishments of the European Healthy Cities movement. It highlights continuing action and value priorities and identifies new challenges, evidence and approaches. (WHO/Europe)
  • Addressing the social determinants of health: the urban dimension and the role of local government
    Summarizes the evidence on the social determinants of health in the urban context, drawing on the findings of the global Commission on Social Determinants of Health and the European review of social determinants of health and the health divide. (WHO/Europe)
  • Cities of tomorrow: challenges, visions, ways forward
    The Cities of Tomorrow reflection process raises awareness of the possible future effects of trends such as demographic decline and social polarization and the vulnerability of different types of cities. Also describes opportunities and the role of cities in achieving European Union objectives, especially implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy. Presents inspirational models and visions and confirms the importance of an integrated approach to urban development. (European Commission, Directorate-General for Regional Policy)
  • Health profiles
    Comparative health profiles of 26 European cities. (European Urban Health Indicators System project, Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety, European Commission)
  • Hidden cities: unmasking and overcoming health inequalities in urban settings
    The latest information on urbanization trends and the need to address health inequities in cities; unmasks such inequities in urban settings and includes practical examples and recommendations for evidence-informed interventions. (WHO and United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT))
  • Measuring urban health
    Interactive presentations of indicators for e.g. population, the environment and the labour market. (Organisation for Economic Co-operations and Development)
  • Our cities, our health, our future: acting on social determinants for health equity in urban settings
    Summarizes findings on the structural and intermediate social determinants of health that are important in urban settings. (Knowledge Network on Urban Settings, WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health)
  • Public health significance of urban pests
    The public health risk posed by various pests and appropriate measures to prevent and control them. (WHO/Europe)
  • Urban environment publications
    Links to a series of publications on the theme of urban environments from the European Environmental Agency. (European Union, European Environment Agency)
  • Urban health
    Dashboard of urban health indicators (Global Health Observatory, WHO)
  • Urban health observatory
    A gateway to health statistics on global public health priorities. The urban health theme developed by the WHO Centre for Health Development presents data on 16 indicators for 45 countries in the form of global situation and trends, graphs and maps and country profiles. The WHO Centre for Health Development is working with partners to expand the scope and content of the current observatory. The updated observatory aspires to be a one-stop shop for data, research and knowledge and as a repository to recognize the achievements of urban health actors. (WHO Centre for Health Development, Kobe, Japan)
Related sections
  • Most important projects and stakeholders working in this area of public health, including intergovernmental organizations, national government bodies, and non-state actors.

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    Stakeholders & projects
    Organisations: 11Non-state actors: 1Projects: 7
  • Information and evidence resources, issue briefs, case studies and evidence synthesis briefs that can inform policy-making.

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    Evidence and evidence-informed practice
    Databases: 4Overviews: 3
  • A reference list of tools and methods to aid in the design, implementation and monitoring of policies in this area of public health.

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    Tools & methods
    Monitoring: 4Policy support: 12
  • Explore related indicators and visualizations, download data in Excel and CSV formats, analyze and share graphics.

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    Indicators & visualizations
    Indicators: 7Visualizations: 17