• Most important projects and stakeholders working in this area of public health, including intergovernmental organizations, national government bodies, and non-state actors.

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    Stakeholders & projects
    Organisations: 11Non-state actors: 1Projects: 7
  • Information and evidence resources, issue briefs, case studies and evidence synthesis briefs that can inform policy-making.

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    Evidence and evidence-informed practice
    Databases: 4Overviews: 3
  • A collection of policies and analyses in this area of public health in the WHO European Region.

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    Policy & analysis
    Policy: 3Analysis: 10
  • A reference list of tools and methods to aid in the design, implementation and monitoring of policies in this area of public health.

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    Tools & methods
    Monitoring: 4Policy support: 12
  • Explore related indicators and visualizations, download data in Excel and CSV formats, analyze and share graphics.

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    Indicators & visualizations
    Indicators: 7Visualizations: 17

About the theme

Two thirds of the population of the European Region live in towns and cities. Urban areas are often unhealthy places to live, characterized by heavy traffic, pollution, noise, violence and social isolation for elderly people and young families.

Featured indicator

  • Percentage of population with improved sanitation facilities (%), urban (Map)
  • % of urban population (Line chart)
  • % population with access to sewage system, septic tank or other hygienic means of sewage disposal, urban (Bar chart)