• Most important projects and stakeholders working in this area of public health, including intergovernmental organizations, national government bodies, and non-state actors.

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    Stakeholders & projects
    Organisations: 3Projects: 6
  • Information and evidence resources, issue briefs, case studies and evidence synthesis briefs that can inform policy-making.

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    Evidence and evidence-informed practice
    Databases: 1
  • A collection of policies and analyses in this area of public health in the WHO European Region.

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    Policy & analysis
    Policy: 6Analysis: 15
  • A reference list of tools and methods to aid in the design, implementation and monitoring of policies in this area of public health.

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    Tools & methods
    Monitoring: 7Policy support: 17
  • Explore related indicators and visualizations, download data in Excel and CSV formats, analyze and share graphics.

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    Indicators & visualizations
    Indicators: 43Visualizations: 117

About the theme

To accelerate gain in health outcomes and reduce health inequalities, health systems must be financially viable, fit for purpose, people - centered and evidence -informed. Well -functioning health systems improve population health outcomes, protect people from financial hardship when ill and respond to legitimate population expectations related to benefits and services. All countries have to adapt to changing demographic patterns of disease, especially mental health challenges, chronic diseases and conditions related to ageing.

Featured indicator

  • Public-sector health expenditure as % of total health expenditure (Line chart)
  • Private households' out-of-pocket payments on health as % of total health expenditure (Line chart)
  • Public-sector health expenditure as % of total health expenditure, WHO estimates (Line chart)
  • Total government expenditure as % of GDP (Line chart)