Stakeholders & projects


WHO Regional Office for Europe

  • Health Inequalities and social determinants of health
    WHO is committed to health equity. The Regional Office works in many interrelated areas, including gender, prison health and the socioeconomic determinants of health, to provide an evidence-based, systematic, accountable approach to reducing health inequalities in the Region.

European Commission (EC)

  • DG Health and Food Safety (SANTE)
    In all countries, factors such as employment, income, length of education and ethnicity strongly influence the level of disease and the age at which people die. The European Union is working directly through policy and indirectly through national authorities and stakeholders to reduce such health inequalities.
  • European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion
    The platform is one of seven initiatives of Europe 2020. Its aim is to form a partnership of stakeholders to tackle poverty, including Member States, European Union institutions and national, regional and local authorities, social partners, nongovernmental organizations and poor people.
  • European Union Expert Group on Social Determinants and Health Inequalities
    Experts from countries inside and outside the European Union and from WHO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Council of Europe share information and good practice on removing health inequalities and provide input for policy development in this European Commission organised network.
  • Crossing Bridges (European Commission)
    Builds on the work of 'Closing the gap' (2004–2007) and 'DETERMINE' (2007–2010) projects to advance implementation of health-in-all-policies approaches in European Union Member States.
  • DEMETRIQ (European Commission)
    New methods for analysing policy and evaluating natural experiments will be combined with a longitudinal dataset of health determinants and health outcomes by socioeconomic group in more than 20 European countries over several decades, to determine the differential effects of policies targeting the strategic drivers of health inequalities.
    To improve health and address health inequities by fostering better cooperation between health and other sectors to address the social determinants of health. The project builds on the work of the WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (2005–2008), which examined evidence on the effect of social determinants on the socioeconomic conditions in which people live and work and on the effectiveness of relevant policies and interventions.
  • DRIVERS (European Commission)
    The aim of the project is to review evidence of the impact of policies and programmes on health inequities, devise new methods, find evidence and provide policy recommendations and guidance for advocacy.
  • Equity Action (European Commission)
    European Union-funded joint action programme against health inequalities, focusing on building capability in Member States, especially in: developing knowledge for action on health inequalities; supporting the engagement of Member States, regions and other stakeholders in action to tackle socioeconomic inequalities in health; sharing learning among Member States and other actors; and supporting effective policies against socioeconomic inequalities in health in the European Union.
  • Equity in Health Project (WHO)
    To provide policy-makers with practical tools and resources for building know-how and capacity for effective action on socially determined health inequalities, particularly in health systems.
  • EUREGIO ΙΙΙ (European Commission)
    Supported innovative use of structural funds for health. The general objective was to extend the results of EUREGIO to identify and share the best actions for effective use of structural funds for health and for reducing health inequalities in the European Union. It helped Member States and regional and local authorities and actors to develop, apply and implement structural fund projects for health gain.
  • European school survey project on alcohol and other drugs
    A collaborative effort of independent research teams in more than 40 European countries and the largest cross-national research project on adolescent substance use in the world. Its aim is to repeatedly collect comparable data on substance use by 15–16-year-old students in as many European countries as possible.
  • HBSC (European Commission)
    Behaviour established during adolescence can continue into adulthood and affect e.g. mental health, physical health, tobacco use, diet, physical activity levels and alcohol use. HBSC focuses on understanding young people's health in their social context (where they live, at school, with family and friends). Researchers in the HBSC network investigate how these factors, individually and collectively, influence young people's health as they move from childhood to young adulthood.
  • Health equity 2020 (European Commission)
    To assist Member States and regions in preparing evidence-based action plans to reduce health inequalities, including use of structural funds, in the next programming period.
  • INEQ-CITIES (European Commission)
    The central aim was to identify socioeconomic inequalities in health and mortality in Europe and urban health policies for reducing such inequalities by methodological study of cross-sectional ecological mortality data from 16 European cities.
  • PROGRESS programme (European Commission)
    The PROGRESS programme is a financial instrument for the development and coordination of European Union policy in employment, social inclusion and social protection, working conditions, anti-discrimination and gender equality.
  • SOPHIE (European Commission)
    To generate evidence on the impact of structural policies on health inequality and to develop innovative methods for evaluating the policies in Europe.
  • The AIR project (European Commission)
    To identify best practices and policies to reduce inequality in primary care in European regions.
Related sections
  • Information and evidence resources, issue briefs, case studies and evidence synthesis briefs that can inform policy-making.

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    Evidence and evidence-informed practice
    Databases: 7Overviews: 5
  • A collection of policies and analyses in this area of public health in the WHO European Region.

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    Policy & analysis
    Policy: 10Analysis: 25
  • A reference list of tools and methods to aid in the design, implementation and monitoring of policies in this area of public health.

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    Tools & methods
    Monitoring: 6Policy support: 22
  • Explore related indicators and visualizations, download data in Excel and CSV formats, analyze and share graphics.

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    Indicators & visualizations
    Indicators: 1Visualizations: 2