Policy & analysis
  • Council conclusions on closing health gaps within the EU through concerted action to promote healthy lifestyle behaviours
    Conclusions from the 3131st Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council meeting, Brussels, 1 and 2 December 2011, 2011/C 359/05. (Council of the European Union)
  • Council conclusions on equity and health in all policies: solidarity in health
    Resolution to stress recommendations for international and national action to help address health inequalities, including collaboration with national authorities, regions and other bodies, assessment of the impact of EU policies on health inequalities to ensure that they help in reducing them if possible, regular statistics and reporting on the size of inequalities in the EU and on successful strategies to reduce them and having better information on EU funding to help national authorities and other bodies in addressing the inequalities. (Council of the European Union)
  • Europe 2020: a European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth
    Promoting good health is an integral part of Europe 2020, the European Union’s 10-year economic growth strategy. One contribution will be to intensify health promotion and disease prevention to reduce health inequality. (European Commission)
  • Investing in health
    European Commission staff working document, which complements the Commission communication Towards social investment for growth and cohesion – including implementing the European social fund 2014–2020 by showing how investing in health contributes to the Europe 2020 objective of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. (European Commission)
  • Reducing health inequalities in the European Union
    European Parliament resolution of 8 March 2011 (2010/2089(INI)) (European Parliament)
  • Report on health inequalities in the European Union
    European Commission staff working document, which includes an overview of the trends in health inequalities in the EU since 2000 and the main actions the Commission has taken to implement the communication on health inequalities. (European Commission)
  • Solidarity in health: reducing health inequalities in the European Union
    Communication from the European Commission to the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. (European Commission)
  • Together for health: a strategic approach for the European Union 2008–2013
    White paper containing a coherent framework for a European Commission strategy for activities in health. (European Commission)
  • Update on the roadmaps for EC/WHO EURO collaboration
    Updating of roadmaps for collaboration on health inequalities (European Commission)
  • Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health
    The Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health was adopted during the World Conference on Social Determinants of Health on 21 October 2011. The declaration expresses global political commitment for the implementation of a social determinants of health approach to reduce health inequities and to achieve other global priorities. (WHO)
  • Addressing the social determinants of health: the urban dimension and the role of local government
    A summary of the evidence on the social determinants of health and the built environment, including the role of local government. (WHO/Europe)
  • Addressing the socioeconomic determinants of healthy eating habits and physical activity levels among adolescents
    Outcome of the 2006 WHO HBSC, the HBSC background paper and 10 case studies. Selection of healthy eating habits and physical activity as the theme for Forum 2006 corresponded to a marked rise in the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity in Europe. (WHO/Europe)
  • Economic implications of socioeconomic inequalities in health in the European Union
    This report explores the economic implications of health inequalities in the European Union. (European Commission)
  • Environmental health inequalities in Europe: assessment report
    Results of statistical analysis of data from national and international databases to assess environmental health inequalities in the Region. Describes the magnitude of environmental disparities in the WHO European Region and identifies the population groups that are most severely affected. (WHO/Europe)
  • EUROTHINE – tackling health inequalities in Europe: an integrated approach
    Presents the results of EUROTHINE, an international collaborative project to increase understanding of health inequalities in the European Union and the possibilities for reducing them internationally, nationally and locally. (Erasmus University, Netherlands)
  • Expert review and proposals for measurement of health inequalities in the European Union
    To contribute to monitoring health inequalities in the European Union by describing the most reliable data and best practice for measuring health inequalities. (European Commission)
  • Foreign-born children in Europe: an overview from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study
    The Ministry of Health and Social Policy established equity in health as one of the priorities of the Spanish Presidency of the European Union. The Ministry’s Directorate-General for Public Health and Foreign Health commissioned a group of experts to provide a technical report on monitoring social determinants of health and reducing health inequalities. The report contributes to knowledge for improving health equity by action on the social determinants of health. In view of the contribution of health equity to social development and well-being, this report further raises the profile of this issue in the international arena. (International Organization for Migration)
  • Health inequalities in the EU: final report of a consortium
    New evidence on health inequalities in the European Union and the policy response at the European Union and national level to health inequalities since 2009. (European Commission)
  • Health inequalities: a challenge for Europe
    Review of the experiences of Member States of the European Union that are preparing national policies to tackle health inequalities. (United Kingdom Presidency of the European Union, 2005)
  • Health inequalities: Europe in profile
    Review of the evidence for socioeconomic inequalities in health in the European Union and its immediate neighbours, with data on inequalities in mortality in 21 countries, inequalities in self-assessed health in 19 countries and inequalities in smoking in 24 countries. (United Kingdom Presidency of the European Union, 2005)
  • Income-related inequalities in health service utilization in 19 OECD countries, 2008–2009
    The approach is to complement and coordinate efforts of national and other international bodies. These efforts will offer policy-makers and other stakeholders a toolkit to stimulate cross-national learning. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD))
  • Interactive atlases
    One of the goals of the project is to improve the availability of and access to evidence on inequalities in health system performance, including quality of care and the structural determinants of inequalities among countries and regions in Europe. (WHO/Europe)
  • Measuring disparities in health status and in the access and use of health care in OECD countries
    Presents the availability and comparability of selected indicators of inequality in health status and in access to and use of health care in OECD countries, including disparities among socioeconomic groups. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD))
  • Moving forward equity in health: monitoring social determinants of health and the reduction of health inequalities
    The Ministry of Health and Social Policy established equity in health as one of the priorities of the Spanish Presidency of the European Union. The Ministry’s Directorate-General for Public Health and Foreign Health commissioned a group of experts to provide a technical report on monitoring social determinants of health and reducing health inequalities. The report contributes to knowledge for improving health equity by action on the social determinants of health. In view of the contribution of health equity to social development and well-being, this report further raises the profile of this issue in the international arena. (Spanish Presidency of the European Union)
  • Quality of life in Europe: social inequalities
    Describes inequality in the distribution of freedoms and opportunities among individuals and population subgroups in Europe. Based on data from the European Quality of Life Survey, the report provides an evidence base on social inequalities in four critical areas: health, standard of living, productive and valued activities, and individual, family and social life. (European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions)
  • Reducing health inequalities in the European Union
    Provides up-to-date information on health inequalities between and within the Member States of the European Union. Several aspects of health inequality (including life expectancy) and the role of determinants of health such as the social gradient (the social dimension of virtually all factors affecting health status) are discussed. (European Commission)
  • Social cohesion for mental well-being among adolescents
    The WHO/HBSC Forum 2007, on social cohesion for mental well-being among adolescents, was attended by intersectoral policy-makers, researchers and programme managers from 17 Member States to consider translating research into policies and action, intersectoral action, addressing health inequities and involving young people. Case studies were presented from 14 countries on improving social cohesion for adolescent mental well-being, conducted through the European forum series on the wider determinants of adolescent health. (WHO/Europe)
  • Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey
    Through this international report on the results of its most recent survey, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study supplies the up-to-date information needed by policy-makers at various levels of government, nongovernmental organizations and professionals in such sectors as health, education, social services, justice and recreation. (WHO/Europe and HBSC)
  • Social determinants of health: report by the Secretariat
    Describes some of the main developments since the world conference on the topic in 2011. (WHO)
  • Socioeconomic differences in health, health behaviour and access to health care in Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation and Ukraine
    Contains tables summarizing the distribution of health, health behaviour, health-care access and social capital by socioeconomic status, gender and residence (urban and rural). The data are derived from nationally representative studies conducted in 2001 in the eight countries. (WHO/Europe)
  • The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response
    Major socioeconomic inequality in obesity has been reported in many countries in the Region, but, overall, little has been done to tackle the problem. Socioeconomic inequality in diet and sedentary lifestyles probably explain socioeconomic inequality in obesity. Changing the environment that promotes or prevents obesity could prevent obesity in disadvantaged groups, and future interventions and policies should be evaluated systematically for their effect on these groups. (WHO/Europe)
  • Report on the social determinants of health and the health divide in the WHO European Region
    This review of inequities in health across the 53 Member States of the Region was commissioned to support the development of the new European policy framework for health and well-being, Health 2020. It builds on the global evidence and recommends policies to reduce health inequities and the health divide across all countries, including those with low incomes. (WHO Regional Office for Europe).
  • European Action Plan for Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services
    To develop, implement, monitor and evaluate actions to strengthen public health capacity and services in a broad participatory and consultative process involving all 53 European Member States and main international partners. (WHO/Europe)
  • Inequalities in young people’s health. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children. International report from the 2005/2006 survey
    Describes the status of health, health-related behaviour and the social contexts of young people’s health in 2005–2006 and the latest evidence from a unique cross-national study of the well-being of young people in industrialized countries. (WHO/Europe)
  • Hidden cities: unmasking and overcoming health inequalities in urban settings
    The latest information on urbanization trends and the need to address health inequities in cities; unmasks such inequities in urban settings and includes practical examples and recommendations for evidence-informed interventions. (WHO and United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT))
Related sections
  • Most important projects and stakeholders working in this area of public health, including intergovernmental organizations, national government bodies, and non-state actors.

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    Stakeholders & projects
    Organisations: 5Projects: 14
  • Information and evidence resources, issue briefs, case studies and evidence synthesis briefs that can inform policy-making.

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    Evidence and evidence-informed practice
    Databases: 7Overviews: 5
  • A reference list of tools and methods to aid in the design, implementation and monitoring of policies in this area of public health.

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    Tools & methods
    Monitoring: 6Policy support: 22
  • Explore related indicators and visualizations, download data in Excel and CSV formats, analyze and share graphics.

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    Indicators & visualizations
    Indicators: 1Visualizations: 2