• For–profit privately owned hospitals, per 100 000 population (Line chart)
  • For–profit privately owned hospitals, per 100 000 (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 4331

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
For–profit privately owned hospitals, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: hosp.forProfit.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "For–profit privately owned hospitals, total number".

Hospitals that are legal entities set up for the purpose of producing goods and services and are capable of generating a profit or other financial gain for their owners.
Country notes
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
Source of data: National Information and Analytical Center of Health, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia (RIATSZ) Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form ? 2 “Therapeutic and prophylactic activity of hospitals”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Austria
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Hospital Statistics.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Complete (HP.1). Includes hospitals that are owned or controlled by religious orders and congregations, private persons, companies and associations.
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Note: Data not available.
Belgium
Data not relevant for Belgium. To be recognized as a ‘hospital’, a not for profit ownership form is required.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Data not available.
Bulgaria
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st of December
Coverage: All types of for-profit privately owned hospitals (HP.1 Hospitals) are included.
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Hospital structure and function database.
Cyprus
Source of data: Statistical Service of Cyprus, Public sector administrative sources and Private Clinics Inspectors for the Private Sector.
Reference period: 31st December of the reference year.
Coverage: Public and Private Sectors.
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic. Registry of Health Establishments.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: National private or foreign controlled corporations and household institutional sectors.
Denmark
Data not available.
Estonia
Source of data:
- Since 1st January 2008 National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics.
- Data from routinely collected health care statistics, submitted by health care providers (monthly statistical report "Hospital beds and hospitalisation") and from the Registry of Health Board (in-patient care licences).
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage:
- All for-profit privately owned hospitals are included. For-profit privately owned hospitals are public limited companies where the capital share of an Estonian private body and/or foreign private body is 50% or more. Not-for-profit hospitals are hospitals with legal form foundations.
Note:
- The decrease in the number of hospitals after 1991 was the result of the first reorganisation wave of the health care system of the independent country. The concentration of the changes in terms of the number of health care providers is most well-observed when comparing figures from 1994 and 1995.
- During the nineties state owned hospitals were reorganised to private entities operating under private law (companies, foundations and non-profit associations). From 1992 to 1998 ownership was not always correctly categorised, and the number of private hospitals could be a little overestimated. Privately owned hospitals are not divided into not-for-profit and for profit privately owned hospitals from 1992 to 2001. In 2002, a new Health Care Organisation Act came into force and specified the provider status options. Since then, the distribution is available.
- In 2002, the Government of Estonia introduced the Hospital Master Plan that anticipates an optimum number of hospitals and hospital beds necessary to provide acute health care services taking into account the number of the population of Estonia and the population forecasts. Therefore, existing hospitals were reorganised, some became out-patient care providers, and some were closed or consolidated. This change can be called the second wave of the reorganisation of the Estonian health care system.
- In Estonia, hospitals that provided only in-patient long-term care services (long-term care hospitals) were reorganised to the nursing care hospitals. This restructuration came into force according to Health Services Organisation Act at the beginning of 2013 (https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/ee/Riigikogu/act/521012015003/consolide). Previous long-term care hospitals (HP.1) were classified amongst long-term nursing care facilities HP.2 according to the SHA2011 in 2013. Therefore, the total number of hospitals decreased in 2013 as well as all other statistics provided for in-patient care (beds, discharges by hospital beds). The remark “difference in methodology” was added to the data for the year 2013. This change does not have an impact on the statistics of curative care, psychiatric care or other beds.
Finland
Source of data: National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Care Register for Institutional Health Care.
Coverage: All private hospitals (private hospitals cannot be split into not-for-profit and for-profit hospitals).
Break in time series: 2000. The series was recalculated from 2000 onwards to correspond to the SHA 2011 definitions.
France
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from the “Statistique Annuelle des Etablissements de sante (SAE)”. NB: This survey has been recasted in 2014 for the data concerning 2013 (review and update of the questionnaire, change of the unit surveyed [legal entity ( geographical establishment], improvement of the consistency between the survey and an administrative source of data on the activity of hospitals). Though the principles of the survey remain the sames, some concepts and some questions have changed: this can lead to break in series for year 2013.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- Data from 2000 include only hospitals with capacities for complete or partial hospitalisation (which differs from conventions used in the previous years). For the public sector, it is the legal entities that are taken into account from 2000 to 2012 (there can be several geographical establishments); for the private sector, it is establishments.
- From 2013, we count the number of geographical establishments for all sectors (public and private). That is why there is a break in series in the number of the total hospitals and the public hospitals.
Georgia
Data not available.
Germany
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Hospital statistics (basic data of hospitals and prevention or rehabilitation facilities); Statistisches Bundesamt, Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.1, table
1.4 and ibid., Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.2, table 1.4; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- For-profit privately owned hospitals comprise all types of hospitals (HP.1.1, 1.2 and 1.3) in the private sector.
- Private hospitals are defined as facilities which are maintained by private commercial institutions. They require a concession as a business enterprise according to §30 Trade Regulation Act (“Gewerbeordnung”)
- Included are private general hospitals, mental health hospitals and prevention and rehabilitation facilities.
- Long-term nursing care facilities are excluded.
Greece
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.).
Reference period: 31st December.
Hungary
Source of data: From 1994 Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP), Department of Financing Informatics (GYOGYINFOK), http://www.gyogyinfok.hu/.
Coverage: Private hospitals under contract with the National Health Insurance Fund. Does not include for-profit hospitals not under contract with Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP), but the number thereof is negligible.
Reference period: 31st December.
Iceland
There are no for-profit privately-owned hospitals.
Ireland
Source of data: Independent Hospitals Association of Ireland and Mental Health Commission http://www.independenthospitals.ie/. http://www.mhcirl.ie/Registration/ACRegister/Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: All for-profit private hospitals in the State.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Medical Institutions License Registry maintained by the Department of Medical Facilities and Equipment Licensing and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Includes all acute care, mental health and specialty hospitals that are owned by private agencies. It excludes nursing and residential care facilities. * Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Coverage: Data include private hospitals, including those not accredited by the National Health Service.
Kazakhstan
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Kyrgyzstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.
Reference period: 31 December.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments. Report “Health Statistics of Lithuania”, available from http://sic.hi.lt/html/en/hsl.htm.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: The numbers of for-profit privately owned hospitals excludes nursing hospitals.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante, service juridique.
Malta
Source of data: Data collated at Directorate for Health Information and Research from Department of Health Care Standards and Services within Ministry for Energy and Health and from establishments themselves.
Coverage: During the year 2011 one of the privately owned hospitals has terminated its operations. During the year 2012 a privately owned rehabilitation hospital began operating 2013: A small private hospital is now being included under the hospital sector since it is licensed for overnight stays.
Montenegro
Data not available.
Netherlands
Source of data: RIVM.
Coverage: For-profit private hospitals are required to register with the Zorgregister of the CIBG by 29 May 2010 (before that date, it was voluntary). They do not have a license for health insurance coverage. The number refers to the number of organisations.
Norway
Data not available.
Poland
Source of data: The Ministry of Health and the Central Statistical Office.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: General hospitals and health resort hospitals (including companies with State Treasury participation).
Portugal
Source of data: Statistics Portugal - Hospital Survey.
Reference period: 31st December.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N30, enclosure 1 “On hospital activities of health care institutions” and statistical report N1 “On activities of a private economical agent for health service provision” http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: Data cover private sector.
Russian Federation
Data not available.
San Marino
Data not available
Serbia
Data not available.
Slovakia
Data not available.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia.   
Reference period: 31st December.
Spain
Source of data:
- Before 1996: National Statistics Institute and Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs. Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care (available hospitals). http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t15/p123&file=inebase&L=0.
- From 1996 to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care (ESCRI). http://www.msssi.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/estHospiInternado/inforAnual/homeESCRI.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Break in time series: 2010.
- ‘Health Consortia’ included since 2010. Health consortia is an organizational model consisting of more than one hospital, but for the purpose of providing data in the questionnaire (and operating issues) they are accounted for as a single hospital. Very few hospitals are involved.
- Furthermore, some hospitals which were previously counted as private had to be included since 2010 in the publicly financed category following a new classification system (ECS 1995) introduced as framework for the new national hospital statistics in order to harmonize it with SHA financing scheme. According to that criteria, as NHS hospitals (public) are considered all publicly administered hospitals plus all hospitals with more than 80% of its activity publicly financed and also hospitals financed by the social security funds: network of hospitals dedicated to attention of work-related accident and occupational illnesses (nonprofit private hospitals previously included as private).
Sweden
Data not available.
Switzerland
Data not available.
Note: Differentiation according to ownership and profit is not relevant in Swiss health system.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health-Skopje. Report for hospitals (3-21-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Turkey
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- Private hospitals include hospitals owned by private sector organisations and private universities.
- In 2014, data have been updated from 2000 onwards because of the reallocation of private university hospitals from "publicly owned hospitals" into "for-profit privately owned hospitals".
Turkmenistan
Data Source: Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, the state statistical reporting forms and activities of the network of health facilities.
Reporting period: December 31st.
Coverage: Data provided by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, without the
Inclusion of data from other ministries and departments.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 20 “report of a health care facility” of private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Uzbekistan
Data not available