• Dentists licensed to practice, per 100 000 population (Line chart)
  • Dentists licensed to practice, per 100 000 (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 4378

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Dentists licensed to practice, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: lic.dent.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Dentists licensed to practice, total number".

Dentists licensed to practice include practising and other (non-practising) dentists, who are registered and entitled to practice as health care professionals in the field of dentistry. They include stomatologists/dental surgeons.
Inclusion
- Dentists who provide services directly to patients
- Other dentists for whom their education in dentistry / stomatology is a prerequisite for the execution of the job
- Other dentists for whom their education in dentistry / stomatology is NOT a prerequisite for the execution of the job
- Dentists registered as health care professionals and licensed to practice but who are not economically active (e.g. unemployed or retired)
- Dentists working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
No data available.
Austria
Data not available.
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Note: No data available.
Belgium
Source of data:
- SPF Sante publique, securite de la chaine alimentaire et de l'environnement, DG2 Soins de Sante primaires et gestion de crises - FOD Volksgezondheid, Veiligheid van de Voedselketen en Leefmilieu, DG2 Basisgezondheidszorg en Crisisbeheer. Cellule Planification des professionnels de sante - Cel planning Gezondheidsberoepen. Base de donnees federale des professionnels de soins de sante - Federale databank van de beoefenaars van de gezondheidszorgberoepen.
Further information: www.health.fgov.be.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Complete.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Bulgaria
Data not available.
Croatia
Data not available.
Cyprus
Data not available.
Czechia
Data not available.
Denmark
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- The term of dentist covers all persons qualified as a dentist with or without authorization to practice independently in the country.
- Dentists whose status in the Central Personnel Register is active (not dead) or, if abroad, below the age of 70 years old.
Estonia
Source of data: Registry of Health Care Professionals, Health Care Board.
Reference period: January of the following year.
Coverage: The number of licensed dentists covers overall potential, not persons by the last obtained specialty.
Finland
Source of data: VALVIRA. National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health. Register on Qualified Health Care Personnel, number of persons aged less than 64 years with qualifications on 31 December.
Reference period: 31st December.
France
Data not available.
Georgia
Data not available. Health statistics do not contain such data.
Germany
Source of data: German Dental Association, Membership statistics of the dental chambers; http://www.gbe-bund.de or http://www.bzaek.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- The number of registered dentists licensed to practice includes all practising and non-practising dentists licensed to practice (head-count data).
- Included are practising dentists, dentists working outside health services, e.g. employed in industry or administrative bodies, dentists working abroad and unemployed and retired dentists.
- The number of registered dentists excludes students who have not yet graduated.
- Physicians with specialty “dental, oral and maxillo-facial surgery” are counted in Germany as physicians (specialists) and not as dentists.
- The number of dentists includes those undergoing further training for specialisation.
Greece
Data not available.
Hungary
Source of data: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising dentists, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- The Office of Health Authorisation and Administrative Procedures (EEKH) provided data according to the dominant specialisation practiced during medical work.
Iceland
Source of data: The Directorate of Health - Register of dentists.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Includes all professional dentists with a license (all ages regardless of employment status, employment location (inside or outside of the country) or nationality).
Ireland
Source of data: Dental Council of Ireland.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Figures refer to all persons registered with the Dental Council of Ireland. They may include some dentists not in activity.
- The following are included: dentists employed in private practice, dentists employed in medical research, dentists employed in public and private hospitals, foreign dentists registered in Ireland and some Irish dentists living/working abroad.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Dentists License Registry maintained by the Medical Professions Division and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health, for which the demographic information is periodically updated from the Population Registry at the Ministry of Interior.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Data are for all licensed dentists. The data include only dentists with valid licenses at the end of each reference year.
- At the beginning of the 1990s, there was a large immigration wave from the former USSR countries to Israel which included a large number of dentists who received a license to work in Israel.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: ISTAT provides data produced by ENPAM (National Insurance Institute of physicians and dentists) www.enpam.it.
Reference period: 31st December.
Kazakhstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data:
- Since 2005: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
- 2004 and earlier: Health Statistics and Medical Technologies State Agency.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: Including maxillo-facial surgery, dental and oral surgery. Break in series: 2005: Change in data source.
Lithuania
Source of data: up to 2003: State Health Care Accreditation Agency under the Ministry of Health; Since 2011: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data is calculated from Compulsory Health Insurance Fund information system (subsystem METAS)
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Up to 2003 the number of dentists licensed to practice includes number of dentists with valid license the end of the year..
Break in time series:
- 2011: Data source change.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Stomatologists are included. They are still considered dentists, but it should be noted that stomatologists from Luxembourg are not synonymous with dentist-doctors (they are fully specialised in stomatology).
Malta
Source of data: The Registers of the Medical Council – Malta.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: 2005: figure includes 168 dentists residents in Malta and 22 Dentists residents abroad - Source: Medical Council – Malta. 2007: figure represents the number of Dentists who had paid their "retention fee" to be included on the Register of the Medical Council by end 2007.
Montenegro
Data not available.
Netherlands
Source of data:
- From 1999 onwards: Social Statistical Database of Statistics Netherlands, BIG Register (official register of health care professionals).
- 1991-1998 figures are derived from the Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Tandheelkunde [Netherlands Dental Association].
- Up to 1990, the figures reflect the number of dentists registered in the register of the Geneeskundige Hoofdinspectie van de Volksgezondheid (Chief Medical Officer of Public Health).
Reference period: The last Friday before Christmas.
Coverage: Dentists registered in the BIG register and living in the Netherlands. 1991-1998: Figures include all dentists settled in the Netherlands and aged less than 65 years.
Break in time series: 1991 and 1999 due to changes in the source.
- Figures have been rounded to 5.
North Macedonia
Data not available.
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Statistics on health-care personnel. Administrative registers. See http://www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Coverage: Figures provided cover all registered dentists.
Poland
Source of data: Ministry of Health. Register of the Polish Chamber of Physicians.
Reference period: 31st December.
Portugal
Source of data: Statistics Portugal / Portuguese Medical Association (stomatologists and maxillo-facial surgeons), The Portuguese Dental Association (dentists, since 1985) and The National Association of Portuguese Dentists (odontologists).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data include all stomatologists, maxillo-facial surgeons (from 1998 onwards), dentists (from 1985 onwards) and odontologists (until 2010), whether practising, active but not practising, or inactive.
- Information reflects the number of stomatologists and maxillo-facial surgeons, registered at the Portuguese Medical Association, dentist physicians registered at the Portuguese Dental Association, and odontologists registered at the National Association of Portuguese Dentists.
- Dentists with a declared residence abroad are not included.
Deviation from the definition:
- Dentists working abroad are included only if their declared residence is in Portugal.
Break in time series: 1985, 1998, 2011. Data include dentists since 1985 and maxillo-facial surgeons since 1998. Data exclude odontologists since 2011.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign dentists are not included.
Romania
Source of data: College of the Dental Practitioner in Romania.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The data cover public and private sector. Dentists who provide dental services temporary or occasionally in Romania are not included. According to the national legislation (Law No. 95/2006 on the reform in health care) are included, also, dentists who are citizens of an EU Member State, EEA or Swiss Confederation, by assimilation, dentists who are family members of a citizen of an EU member state, EEA or Swiss Confederation and beneficiaries of the long-term resident status granted by an EU Member State, EEA or Swiss Confederation.
Russian Federation
Data not available.
San Marino
Data not available.
Serbia
Source of data: Dental Chamber of Serbia. Data as of December 31. http://www.stomkoms.org/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia.
Slovakia
Data not available.
Slovenia
Data not available.
Spain
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE), from the Register of Stomatologists and Odontologists Council. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t15/p416&file=inebase&L=0.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage:
- Data include all dentists "entitled to practice" registered in the Council of Stomatologists and Odontologists.
Sweden
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- Non-retired personnel.
- 100 per cent coverage.
Switzerland
Data not available.
Tajikistan
Data not available.
Turkey
Data not available.
Turkmenistan
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included.
Break in time series:
- 2004: Decrease in numbers of dentists is a consequence of the state programme Health on re-organization of the health institutions with the purpose of rational use of human resources for health in the country.
- 2010: Prior to 2010, dental technicians and casters were included in dentists, they are excluded since 2010.
Ukraine
Data not available.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.