• Beds in publicly owned hospitals, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 4465

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Beds in publicly owned hospitals, total number
Indicator code: hospBed.pubOwned

Beds in hospitals that are owned or controlled by a government unit or another public corporation (where control is defined as the ability to determine the general corporate policy).
Country notes
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
Source of data: National Information and Analytical Center of Health, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia (RIATSZ) Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form ? 2 “Therapeutic and prophylactic activity of hospitals”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Austria
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Hospital Statistics (annual average).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Complete (HP.1).
- Data include beds in hospitals that are owned or controlled by a national or regional government unit, a municipality or an association of municipalities, and by social insurance institutions.
Deviation from the definition: Beds for same-day care are included.
Azerbaijan
Source of data: Department of Informatics and Statistics, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan, form 47.
Reference period: data as of December 31.
Belarus
Note: Data not available.
Belgium
Data not available.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute FB&H, Hospital service in FB&H, Public Health Institute Republica Srpska, Hospital service in Republica Srpska.
Bulgaria
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st of December
Coverage: All disclosed beds in all types of publically owned hospitals and dispensaries (HP.1 Hospitals).
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Hospital structure and function database.
Coverage: Prison hospital not included.
Cyprus
Source of data: Statistical Service of Cyprus, Health and Hospital Statistics.
Reference period: 31st December.
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic. Survey on bed resources of health establishments and their exploitation.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage:
- Providers: All available beds in hospitals and specialised therapeutic institutes (excluding balneologic institutes, convalescence homes for children, institutes for long-term patients and hospices).
- Beds: Newborns’ cots are excluded.
- Type of institutions: Public corporations and general government institutional sectors.
- Data on hospital beds are not available by sector since 2010.
Denmark
Source of data: National Board of Health (2010: internal hospital beds database has been used).
Estonia
Source of data:
- Since 1st January 2008 National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics.
- Data from routinely collected health care statistics submitted by health care providers (monthly statistical report "Hospital beds and hospitalisation") and data from Ministry of Financial Affairs.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- All hospitals HP.1 (public sector, i.e. more than 50% is owned by the government or local municipalities) are included.
- Cots for neonates, day beds, provisional and temporary beds, and beds in storerooms are also excluded from the hospital beds.
- Beds in welfare institutions are excluded.
- Statistics on hospital beds by sector for 1999-2001 are missing. Due to the reform that took place in health care sector and had an influence on the definition of ownership, the data for 1999-2001 are currently not valid.
- In Estonia, hospitals that provided only in-patient long-term care services (long-term care hospitals) were reorganised to the nursing care hospitals. This restructuration came into force according to Health Services Organisation Act at the beginning of 2013 (https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/ee/Riigikogu/act/521012015003/consolide). Previous long-term care hospitals (HP.1) were classified amongst long-term nursing care facilities HP.2 according to the SHA2011 in 2013. Therefore, the total number of hospital beds decreased in 2013. The number of curative care beds, other beds (tuberculosis) and psychiatric beds were not influenced by this methodological change.
Finland
Source of data: National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Care Register for Institutional Health Care.
Estimation method: Since 1994, calculated bed-days/365 or 366.
Break in time series: 2000. The series was recalculated from 2000 onwards to correspond to the SHA 2011 definitions.
France
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from the “Statistique Annuelle des Etablissements de sante (SAE)”. NB: This survey has been recasted in 2014 for the data concerning 2013 (review and update of the questionnaire, change of the unit surveyed [legal entity ( geographical establishment], improvement of the consistency between the survey and an administrative source of data on the activity of hospitals). Though the principles of the survey remain the sames, some concepts and some questions have changed: this can lead to break in series for year 2013.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- Data include army hospitals from 2002 onwards.
- Data from 2013 it is geographical establishments for all sectors (public and private). That is why there is a break in series in the number of the total hospitals and the public hospitals.
Georgia
Data not available.
Germany
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Hospital statistics (basic data of hospitals and prevention or rehabilitation facilities); Statistisches Bundesamt, Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.1,table
1.4 and ibid., Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.2, table 1.4; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage:
- Beds in publicly owned hospitals comprise beds in all hospitals (HP.1.1, 1.2 and 1.3) in the public sector.
- Public hospitals are defined as facilities which are maintained by municipal institutions, independent of their type of undertaking. For example, other public institutions are the federal government, a federal state, a higher community organisation or a foundation of the public law.
- Beds in public general hospitals, mental health hospitals and prevention and rehabilitation facilities are included.
- Comparable data before 2002 are not available.
Greece
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.), Hospital Census.
Reference period: Annual average.
Hungary
Source of data: From 1994 Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP) Department of Financing Informatics (GYOGYINFOK), Hospital bed and patient turnover account. http://www.gyogyinfok.hu.
Coverage: Number of hospital beds in university hospitals, public and local government hospitals, Hungarian National Railway hospitals, Ministries of Defence hospitals, Interior and Justice hospitals and hospitals under contract with the National Health Insurance Fund.
Reference period: 31st December.
Break in time series:
- In 2007, the number of acute hospitals beds in hospitals under contract with Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP) decreased significantly, but the number of chronic beds increased.
- Since 2007, the number of hospital beds in justice hospitals is included.
Iceland
Source of data: The Ministry of Welfare.
Ireland
Data not available.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Medical Institutions License Registry maintained by the Department of Medical Facilities and Equipment Licensing and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Includes all licensed beds in acute care, mental health and specialty hospitals that are owned by the government or by the HMO's. It excludes beds in nursing and residential care facilities. * Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: Annual average.
Kazakhstan
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Kyrgyzstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Database of hospital beds' utilization;
Reference period: Up to 1999: end of the year, from 2000: mid-year. Break in series: 2000: Change in reference period.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments. Report “Health Statistics of Lithuania”, available from http://sic.hi.lt/html/en/hsl.htm.
Reference period: 31st December.
Luxembourg
Data not available.
Malta
Source of data: Directorate for Health Information and Research from data supplied by the Institutions and Department of Health Care Standards within the Ministry for Energy and Health.
Coverage: 2012. An increase in the number of hospital beds was due to the addition of beds in a publicly owned rehabilitation hospital. The number of publicly owned hospital beds in 2013 has been amended due to incorrectly inputting the number of long-term care beds. The total number of publicly owned hospital beds in 2014 has decreased since a number of beds which were being used for overnight stays are now being used as day care beds.
Montenegro
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/
Reference period: December 31st.
Coverage: Beds in Stationary Medical centers are also included.
Netherlands
Data not available (applies only to prison and military hospitals).
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway. Specialist Health Services. Annual data collection.
- See http://www.ssb.no/speshelse_en/.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage: The figures cover all beds in hospitals (HP.1) owned by Government.
Poland
Source of data: The Ministry of Health, the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of Interior and Administration and the Central Statistical Office.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: General hospitals, health resort hospitals and psychiatric hospitals. Prison hospitals are excluded.
Portugal
Source of data: Statistics Portugal - Hospital Survey.
Reference period: Average between the quarters.
Coverage:
- The Hospital Survey began in 1985. This survey covers the whole range of hospitals acting in Portugal: hospitals managed by the National Health Service (public hospitals with universal access), non-public state hospitals (military and prison) and private hospitals.
- Data include total official public hospital beds.
Break in time series: 1999. Emergency beds are excluded since 1999.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N30, enclosure 1 “On hospital activities of health care institutions”, http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The major differences that are at the number of beds are due to multiple changes in the sanitary network from Romania and the aim to have a more efficient sanitary activity.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?47 «Information about network and activities of medical institutions", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Data not available
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National hospital register. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Reference period: 31. December.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included.
Slovakia
Data not available.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia, National Hospital Health Care Statistics Database. Reference: Annual average.
Spain
Source of data:
- Before 1996: National Statistics Institute and Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs. Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t15/p123&file=inebase&L=0.
- From 1996 to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care (ESCRI). http://www.msssi.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/estHospiInternado/inforAnual/homeESCRI.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage:
- Public hospitals are those owned or managed by central, county, or city council government.
- Since 2010, data also include beds in hospitals dedicated to attention of work-related accident and occupational illnesses (Mutuas de Accidentes de Trabajo y Enfermedades Profesionales).
Break in time series: 2010.
- Some hospitals which were previously counted as private had to be included since 2010 in the publicly financed category following a new classification system (ECS 1995) introduced as framework for the new national hospital statistics in order to harmonize it with SHA financing scheme. According to that criteria, as NHS hospitals (public) are considered all publicly administered hospitals plus all hospitals with more than 80% of its activity publicly financed and also hospitals financed by the social security funds: network of hospitals dedicated to attention of work-related accident and occupational illnesses (nonprofit private hospitals previously included as private).
Sweden
Data not available.
Switzerland
Data not available.
Note: Differentiation according to ownership and profit is not relevant in Swiss health system.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health-Skopje. Report for hospitals (3-21-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Turkey
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- Beds in publically owned hospitals include the total number of beds in all publically owned hospitals in the MoH, public universities, the private sector and others (except for the Ministry of National Defence hospital beds until 2011).
- In 2014, data have been updated from 2000 onwards because of the reallocation of private university hospitals from "publicly owned hospitals" into "for-profit privately owned hospitals".
Break in time series: MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Turkmenistan
Data Source: Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, the state statistical reporting forms and activities of the network of health facilities.
Reporting period: December 31st.
Coverage: Data provided by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, without the
Inclusion of data from other ministries and departments.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 20 “report of a health care facility” of the Ministry of Health, other public entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
United Kingdom
Source of data:
- England - Department of Health, from KH03, England;
- Northern Ireland - Hospital Activity Statistics from the Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety, Korner Return Kh03a;
- Wales - Health Statistics Wales http://wales.gov.uk/topics/statistics/headlines/health2010/0114/?lang=en.
- Scotland - ISD Scotland, NHS National Service Scotland; http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Finance/Costs/Files/ISD(S)1_Manual.pdf.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage:
- Data are for financial years (1st April to 31st March). E.g. data for financial year 1st April 2008 - 31st March 2009 are presented as 2008.
Deviation from the definition:
- Northern Ireland: Cots for healthy infants cannot be excluded from figures.
Break in time series:
- England: The data from 2010 is lower because the methodology changed. From Quarter 1 2010/2011 the KH03 collection was changed to a quarterly collection. The classification for bed occupancy was changed from ward type to the consultant specialty of the responsible consultant. This followed consultation with the NHS, as concerns had been expressed that the ward classifications, which were set in the late 1980s, were no longer relevant.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include facilities functioning within the system of the Ministry of Health only.