• Professionally active pharmacists, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
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HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Professionally active pharmacists, total number
Indicator code: prof.pharm

Professionally active pharmacists are practising pharmacists and other pharmacists for whom their education in pharmacy is a prerequisite for the execution of the job.
Inclusion
- Pharmacists who provide services directly to patients (clients)
- Pharmacists working in administration and management positions requiring a pharmacy education
- Pharmacists conducting research, testing drugs to determine identity, purity and strength
- Pharmacists participating in development of controls and regulations
- Pharmacists preparing scientific papers and reports
Exclusion
- Pharmacists who hold a post/job for which pharmacy education is not required
- Unemployed pharmacists and retired pharmacists
- Pharmacists working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: The data is provided for pharmacists working in outpatient and hospital health care facilities. Data does not include the private sector.
Note: The decline in 1995-1997 may be due to the deteriorating socioeconomic situation in the country which forced some pharmacists to move to the private pharmacy sector.
Austria
Data not available.
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/
Deviation from the definition: Data on foreign pharmacists (those with higher pharmaceutical education) are not included because this information is not available.
Belgium
Data not available.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Bulgaria
Source of data: Bulgarian Pharmaceutical Association, Register.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: According to the national legislation all pharmacists who are professionally active in Bulgaria have to be included in the Register at the Bulgarian Pharmaceutical Association.
Croatia
Data not available.
Cyprus
Data not available.
Czechia
Data not available.
Denmark
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Pharmacists whose status in the Central Personnel Register is active, i.e. in the country (not dead or abroad), and either a) employed, b) employed, being on leave or c) employed, receiving sickness benefit.
Estonia
Data not available.
Finland
Source of data: THL Health Personnel Statistics; National Institute for Health and Welfare. The data for 2000 and 2005 onwards are based on the Employment Register kept by Statistics Finland.
Reference period: Data refer to information for the whole year.
France
Source of data:
- Up to 2009: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES), Sous-Direction de l'Observation de la Sante et de l'Assurance maladie, Bureau des Professions de sante, Repertoire ADELI.
- Since 2010: ASIP- RPPS (Repertoire Partage des Professionnels de Sante). See at: http://esante.gouv.fr/espace-cps/editeurs/le-rpps.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data concern pharmacists in activity (including those working in a pharmacy or those working in pharmaceutical industry, administration, or research).
- All established pharmacists, assistant pharmacists and pharmaceutical assistants are included in figures.
- Data include foreign pharmacists licensed to practise and exclude pharmacists working abroad.
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
Break in time series: In 2010, there is a break in the serie, because of the change in the data source (ADELI before 2010, RPPS since 2010).
Georgia
Source of data: Data are based on annual statistical reports collected from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: The provided data cover all regions except separatist regions, Abkhazia and South Osetia. Data for those two regions are unavailable.
Note: Only pharmacists with diploma degree are included in the provided data. Pharmacists with vocational secondary education are excluded.
Germany
Source of data: Federal Union of German Associations of Pharmacists, Pharmacy and staff statistics; http://www.abda.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Included are practising pharmacists working in a public or hospital pharmacy and pharmacists working in administration, research and industry positions (head-count data).
- The data exclude pharmacists working abroad, unemployed and retired pharmacists and students who have not yet graduated.
Greece
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.).
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage: Data refer to the number of all pharmacists. Hospital pharmacists are included.
Hungary
Source of data: Up to 2012: Hungarian Central Statistical Office on the basis of the data collection of the Ministry of Health.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: According to the latest qualification acquired.
Break in time series: Break in 2007, when the Office of Health Authorization and Administrative Procedures took over the maintenance of registration from the Ministry of Health.

From 2013: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures Data not available.
Iceland
Source of data: Directorate of Health and The Association of Icelandic Pharmacists.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Included: Pharmacists and exam pharmacists, proprietary pharmacists, pharmacists working in pharmacies, pharmacists working in the pharmaceutical industry, pharmacists working in hospitals, pharmacists working as professors, pharmacists working in public administration. Assistant pharmacists (people graduating with a shorter university education than full pharmacists) are included.
- Excluded: Pharmacists not working as pharmacists, unemployed pharmacists.
Break in time series: More detailed data (recently available) showed that some pharmacists had been counted twice (both as pharmacists and proprietary pharmacists). Corrections could not be made further back than 1999.
Ireland
Data not available.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Pharmacists Licensed Registry maintained by the Medical Professions Division and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health, the demographic information is periodically updated from the Population Registry at the Ministry of Interior.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: The data include all licensed pharmacists under age 65. The data include only pharmacists with valid licenses at the end of each reference year.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: ISTAT, Labour Force Survey. http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/8263.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage: Sample survey.
Estimation method: Estimation from the sample survey. Data on “Professionally active pharmacists” is available only since 2004 because in previous years it was not possible to have estimations by profession at 4 digit level. Data are affected by the statistical error due to the sample design.
Kazakhstan
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.

A 90% decrease in number of pharmacists in 1995 was caused by the beginning of privatization and subsequent incomplete reporting from private sector.
Latvia
Source of data:
- 2006 and earlier and from 2009: State Agency of Medicines, report "Summary on operation of pharmacies, medicine wholesales enterprises and medicines production enterprises".
- 2007 and 2008: Pharmacist and pharmacist assistant register, under direct jurisdiction of Pharmacists’ Society of Latvia.
Coverage: Persons who have graduated completed studies in pharmacology at university level and who work in Pharmacies, medicine wholesales enterprises and in medicines production enterprises.
Reference period: 31 December. Break in series: 2007, 2009: Change in data source.
Lithuania
Source of data: Up to 2003 for data on pharmacists working in pharmacies and wholesale medicine supply enterprises - State Medicines Control Agency; for data on pharmacists working in health care institutions - Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Up to 2003: The number of pharmacists at the end of the year includes all active pharmacists.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Direction de la Sante – Service des statistiques until 2005; from 2005: Division de la pharmacie et des medicaments.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data includes pharmacists working in community pharmacies, hospital pharmacies, community laboratories, wholesale, civil servants and other sectors.
Malta
Source of data: Pharmacy Council, Malta
Reference period: 31st December Figures were supplied by Council for Pharmacists from end 2006 onwards. Figures for years 2006, 2007 and 2008 are the same as those for pharmacists licensed to practice. The figure for end 2009 (488) refers to FTEs pharmacists who are professionally active as many pharmacists have more than one job. Data for 2010 refers to head counts Break in series: 2009: A change in methodology in supply of data by Pharmacy Council was implemented for figures for end 2009. Figures quoted for practising and professionally active pharmacists are based on Full Time Employment. The full time equivalence is not recorded by the Pharmacy Council and therefore Head Count of Pharmacists working full time only have been included. Break in series: 2009. Break in series: From 2012 onwards. Part-timers have now been included in the total head count of the professionally active pharmacists. Also, a proportion of pharmacists who had not paid their retention fees by the end of the year were included Estimates: 2011. An estimate of 100 professionally active pharmacists has been added as some pharmacists would have not indicated their place of work to the Pharmacy Council. Estimates: From 2012 onwards a proportion of pharmacists who had not paid their retention fees by the end of the year were assumed to be professionally active pharmacists by the Pharmacy Council. A proportion of pharmacists who have not indicated their place of work to the Pharmacy Council have been assumed to be professionally active pharmacists by the Pharmacy Council. The number of part-time practicing pharmacists was estimated since these are not all captured by the Pharmacy Council
Coverage: Data of 2012 has been updated since the number of professionally active physicians was calculated incorrectly.
Montenegro
Source: Institute of Public Health (reports).
Netherlands
Source of data: Social Statistical Database of Statistics Netherlands, BIG Register (official register of health care professionals).
Reference period: The last Friday before Christmas.
- Figures have been rounded to 5.
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Statistics on health-care personnel. Administrative registers. See http://www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Poland
Source of data: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence.
Coverage: Includes pharmacists with universities, units of state or local self-government administration or the National Health Fund as primary workplace.
Portugal
Source of data: Statistics Portugal / Portuguese Pharmaceutical Society.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data reflect the number of practising and non-practising pharmacists registered at the Portuguese Pharmaceutical Society.
- Pharmacists working abroad are excluded.
Deviation from the definition:
- Pharmacists who hold a post/job for which pharmacy education is not required are not excluded. * non available data for 2013
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign pharmacists are not included.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by INS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage:
- From 1970 to 1998, data refer only to the public sector.
- Before 1990 all pharmacies were only in the public sector, so all pharmacists worked in the public sector. After 1990 an increasingly large number of drugstores was privatized. The trend of sharp decrease in the number of pharmacists between 1991 and 1998 is due to the transition of the pharmacies and pharmacists from public to private sector.
- From 1999 the data cover all sanitary pharmacists from public and private sector.
- Pharmacists (ISCO/COR 2224) are defined as the persons who have completed studies in pharmacology at university level and who are licensed to practice pharmacology. Pharmacists’ tasks include: preparing and supervising the preparation of drugs according to prescription of physicians and dentists, or establish formulae for drugs, checking prescriptions to assure that the recommended dosages are not exceeded and that the instructions are understood by patients or persons who will administrate the drugs, advising on possible drug incompatibility; dispensing drugs in hospital or selling them in pharmacies.
- The pharmacists who work in education field as teachers and pharmacists from health insurance field are not included. It was impossible to exclude pharmacists who have administrative function in health units because separate registrations do not exist.
- Were excluded from pharmacists: students, unemployed pharmacists in health field, retirement pharmacists and pharmacists working abroad, pharmacists working in sales field if is not a pharmacy.

Break in the series: 1999.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?17 «Information about the medical and pharmaceutical personnel", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Data not available.
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center. Annual report M (MZ SR) 1- 01 on structure and number of health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Professionally active pharmacists with completed pharmaceutical education (including those working in management or research).
Break in time series:
- 1998: Employees of denationalised establishments emerging during the process of privatisation are included in statistical databases since 1998.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Professionally active pharmacists include practising pharmacists working in pharmacies and in the health-care sector and pharmacists working at HP4, 6.1, 6.3-6.9 and HP7 providers.
- The category “Professionally active pharmacists” includes practising pharmacists (in pharmacies) as well as pharmacists working for other employers (e.g. pharmaceutical industry). Reporting on the latter depends on the accuracy and reliability of reported data. Additionally, practising pharmacists are recorded individually within the National Health Care Providers Database, while other pharmacists are only aggregated.
Spain
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE). Economically Active Population Survey (several issues). http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t22/e308_mnu&file=inebase&N=&L=0.
Reference period: Annual average. Three-year moving averages (e.g. data reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997).
Coverage:
- The data set for professionally active pharmacists has been updated with better estimates in 2010. In this way, all the series follow the methodological definition. Before correction, some figures were in line with the definition of ‘economically active professionals’ whose values could include unemployed professionals.
- From 1995 to 2010 the data include professionally active pharmacists (2224 ISCO-88 code).The data by occupation are classified according the National Occupations Classification (CNO-94 Spain, code 214), the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88 code 2224.
- From 2011 onwards the data are classified according to CNO-11 Spain, code 214. The CNO-11 code 214 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-08 code 2262 (pharmacists).
- Although the replacement of the old classification CNO-94 (the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88), which had been in force since 1995 until 2010, by the current Spanish Classification of Occupations CNO-11 (equivalence of ISCO-08) in the source of the data should not have any impact on data, in practice this fact may have influenced the gap between 2010 and 2011 of some occupations such as the pharmacists. Besides, series on ‘practising’ and ‘professionally active’ pharmacists are based on a source that provides fluctuating data from year-to-year (i.e. the use of the Labour Force Survey) while the data on licensed to practice are based on a more stable registry from the Register of Pharmacists Council.
- The number of professionally active pharmacists was obtained by calculating the number of pharmacists employed in health sector/specialised stores as well as in remaining sectors of NACE rev.2 since 2009, and similarly with NACE Rev.1 and NACE Rev1.1 from 1995 to 2008. Thus, the ‘Professionally active’ data correspond to pharmacists regardless of NACE sector where they are working.
- Data analysis over time should be carried out with caution. Data are obtained from a survey and fluctuations in the data can occur for a number of reasons, one of them being the sampling errors. These variations can lead to false assumptions about trends. We advise users of time series data to carefully explore the relevant issues before drawing any conclusions about the reasons for year-on-year changes.
- During the first quarter of 2005 various changes have been introduced into the Economically Active Population Survey:
1. New variables have been included in accordance with Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Communities) requirements, set forth in Regulation 2257/2003.
2. A centralised procedure has been implemented for the process of the telephone interviews.
3. With the goal of further standardising the survey process, the questions of the questionnaire have been reformulated.
Estimation method: In 2014, data series have been updated with Spanish population figures imported from Census 2011 and recalculated by using three-year moving averages in order to reduce the large year-to-year fluctuations in data derived from the LFS. The number reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997; the number for 2012 is an average of 2011-2013.
Sweden
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- In addition to the NACE-codes used to identify practicing pharmacists the NACE-codes: 75.1 - Public authorities 80.3 - Higher education establishments are used to identify professional active pharmacists.
- 100 per cent coverage.
Switzerland
Data not available.
Tajikistan
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health –Skopje, Report for health staff in health sector (3-00-60), starting from 2008. Until 2006 data were extracted from Agency for drug control, Ministry of Health.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Since 2005 it includes both public and private sector.
Break in time series:
- 2005: inclusion of both public and private sector.
- 2008: Change in data source.
Turkey
Source of data:
- From 2000 onwards: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
- Up to 1999: Health Statistics Yearbook - Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- From 2000 onwards: Pharmacists in the MoH, universities, the private sector and self-employed pharmacists are included.
- MoND-affiliated facilities are not included until 2011.
- In 2010 and 2012, pharmacists working in the “Other” sector (local authorities, municipalities, central organisation of MoH) are included; they are not included in 2011.
- Pharmacists acting as managers in the MoH, universities and the private sector are included.
- Pharmacists who work abroad or have not graduated from school yet are not included.
Break in time series:
- MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Turkmenistan
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included.
Break in time series:
- 2004: 20% decrease in numbers of pharmacists in 2004 is a consequence of the state programme Health on re-organization of the health institutions with the purpose of rational use of human resources for health in the country.
Ukraine
Sourceof data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health. Report form ? 17 “Health employment” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: pharmacists with secondary special education are included. Data on foreign pharmacists not included. Data on pharmacists working in pharmacies are not included.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.