• Professionally active dentists, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
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HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Professionally active dentists, total number
Indicator code: prof.dent

Professionally active dentists are practising dentists and other dentists for whom their education in dentistry / stomatology is a prerequisite for the execution of the job.
Inclusion
- Dentists who provide services directly to patients
- Dentists working in administration and management positions requiring education in dentistry
- Dentists conducting research into oral health and dental care
- Dentists who participate in public action to maintain or improve standards of oral health and dental care
- Dentists preparing scientific papers and reports
Exclusion
- Dentists who hold a post/job for which education in dentistry is not required
- Unemployed dentists and retired dentists
- Dentists working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Note: In 1995-2005 there were annual reductions in the number of health-care facilities and dental clinics according to the framework for optimizations of medical institutions. The increase of 36% in 2004-2005 is due to the increase in private dental clinics. Since 2005, there have been annual increases in the number of dentist graduates.
Austria
Data not available.
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/
Reporting period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: Data on foreign dentists are not included because this information is not available.
Belgium
Data not available.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Bulgaria
Source of data: Bulgarian Dental Association, Register.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: According to the national legislation all dentists who are professionally active in Bulgaria have to be included in the Register at the Bulgarian Dental Association.
Croatia
Data not available.
Cyprus
Data not available.
Czechia
Data not available.
Denmark
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- The term of dentist covers all persons qualified as a dentist with or without authorization to practice independently in the country.
- Dentists whose status in the Central Personnel Register is active, i.e. in the country (not dead or abroad); connected to HP1, HP2 or HP3 as either a) employed, b) employed, being on leave or c) employed, receiving sickness benefit.
Estonia
Data not available.
Finland
Source of data: THL Health Personnel Statistics; National Institute for Health and Welfare. The data for 2000 and 2005 onwards are based on the Employment Register kept by Statistics Finland.
Reference period: Data refer to information for the whole year.
France
Source of data: Ministere du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Sante - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES), Sous-Direction de l'Observation de la Sante et de l'Assurance maladie, Bureau des Professions de sante.
- Until 2010 (01/01/2011): Repertoire ADELI (DREES).
- From 2011 (01/01/2012): RPPS (Repertoire partage des professionnels de sante), ASIP-SANTE RPPS.
Coverage:
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- Data cover practising dentists and also the following categories: dentists employed in the pharmaceutical industry, dentists employed in odontological research, dentists employed in firms or government departments and dentists practising as dental surgeons. They do not include dentistry students undergoing initial training or physicians who are specialists in stomatology or who are undergoing specialist training. They include dentists who specialize in neo-facial orthopaedics or who are in the process of specialising.
- All public and private hospitals, private clinics and teaching establishments are covered.
Break in time series: In 2011, there is a break in the serie, because of the change in the data source (ADELI before 2011, RPPS since 2011).
Georgia
Source of data: Data are based on annual statistical reports collected from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: The provided data cover all regions except separatist regions, Abkhazia and South Osetia. Data for those two regions are unavailable.
Note: Only dentists with diploma degree are included in the provided data. Dentists with vocational secondary education are excluded. Recent significant increase is due to the opening of new small dental units in small cities and rural areas. The network of dental facilities is unstable, many of them are opened and closed each year and the fluctuation in the number of dentists is a reflection of these events.
Germany
Source of data: German Dental Association, Membership statistics of the dental chambers; http://www.gbe_x001E_bund.de or http://www.bzaek.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Included are practising dentists and dentists who are involved in research or who work in their capacity as a dentist in industry or administrative bodies (head-count data).
- The data exclude qualified dentists working abroad, unemployed and retired dentists and students who have not yet graduated.
- Physicians with specialty “dental, oral and maxillo-facial surgery” are counted in Germany as physicians (specialists) and not as dentists.
- The number of dentists includes those undergoing further training for specialisation.
Greece
Source of data: Hygiene Divisions and Sections attached to prefectures, Athens Medical Association and Pireas Medical Association. Annual Doctors and Dentists survey, http://www.statistics.gr/portal/page/portal/ESYE/PAGE-themes?p_param=A2103.
Reference period: 31st December.
Deviation from the definition: Unemployed dentists are included.
Hungary
Data not available.
Iceland
Source of data:
- 2011 and onwards: Icelandic Dentists’ Association.
- 2001-2010: The Directorate of Health - Register of dentists.
- Until 2001: Icelandic Dentists’ Association. Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Before 2011:
- Includes: Dentists who are 70 year old and younger with a permanent residence in Iceland (Icelanders or foreign). As of 2011:
- Number of individuals registered as professionally active dentists by the Icelandic Dentists?Association.
Ireland
Data not available.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Dentists License Registry maintained by the Medical Professions Division and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health, for which the demographic information is periodically updated from the Population Registry at the Ministry of Interior.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Data are for all licensed dentists under age 65. The data include only dentists with valid licenses at the end of each reference year.
- At the beginning of the 1990s, there was a large immigration wave from the former USSR countries to Israel which included a large number of dentists who received a license to work in Israel.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: ISTAT, Labour Force Survey. http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/8263.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage: Sample survey.
Estimation method: Estimation from the sample survey. Data are affected by the statistical error due to the sample design.
Kazakhstan
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Latvia
Source of data:
- Since 2005: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
- 2004 and earlier: Health Statistics and Medical Technologies State Agency.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: Including maxillo-facial surgery, dental and oral surgery. Break in series: 2005: Change in data source.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments. Report “Health Statistics of Lithuania”, available from http://sic.hi.lt/html/en/hsl.htm.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of professionally active dentists at the end of the year includes all active dentists working in health care, public health, health administration, health education and research institutions (public or private), including health care institutions under other ministries than the Ministry of Health. Interns and residents, i.e. dentists in postgraduate training, are also included. The number of dentist excludes: dentists working outside the country; dentists on the retired list and not practising or unemployed; dentists working outside health services, e.g. employed in industry, etc. The number of professionally active dentists is collected by annual survey of health care establishments. Response rate for private health care establishments is about 70%. In 2009 there were 1461 private establishments with license for dental care, of which 478 have not responded to annual reports. Due to non-response of part of private health care establishments the number of dentists could increase by approximately 400 persons (or 17%). But such estimation is not done as it is not clear how many of not responded institutions are actually working. Break in series: 1997, when compulsory annual survey of private health establishments had started, and as most of the private health care establishments were dentist institutions, the number of dentists had increased.
Luxembourg
Data not available.
Malta
Source of data: Malta Medical Council Register data. Collation at Directorate for Health Information and Research. Data for professionally active dentists is available from end 2009. The numbers of practising dentists and professionally active dentists are the same.
Montenegro
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/
Reference period: December 31st.
Coverage: Only data from the public sector. Since 01.01.2008 Oral health care service was moved from Primary health centers and during 2008 it was organized as private service. . Only dentists from secondary and tertiary health care level were included.
Break in time series:
- 2008: During year 2008 oral health services were reorganized as private service and dentists working in primary care are not included in the reported number of dentists any more. Only dentists from secondary and tertiary care level are included.
Netherlands
Source of data: Social Statistical Database of Statistics Netherlands, BIG Register (official register of health care professionals) (1999-today).
Reference period: The last Friday before Christmas.
Coverage: Professionally active dentists are estimated as all licensed dentists who are economically active and live in the Netherlands.
- Figures have been rounded to 5.
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Statistics on health-care personnel. Administrative registers. See http://www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Coverage: The figures provided cover all professionally active dentists in all industries.
Poland
Source of data: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence.
Reference period: 31st December.
Portugal
Data not available. (Data available for all dentists licensed to practice only.)
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign dentists are not included.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: From 1970 to 1998, data refer only to the public sector. From 1999 the data cover all sanitary dentists from public and private sector.
- Dentists (ISCO/COR 2222) are defined as the persons who have completed studies in stomatology at university level and who are licensed to practice. Dentists’ tasks include: making diagnosis, giving necessary dental treatment, giving surgical, medical and other forms of treatment for different types of dental and oral diseases and disorders, establish curative and preventive dental measurement, relished reports and participate to scientific communication in oral health and dental care.
- The dentists who work in education field as teachers and dentists from health insurance field are not included. It was impossible to exclude dentists who have administrative function in health units because separate registrations do not exist.
- Were excluded from dentists: students, unemployed dentists in health field, retirement dentists, and dentists working abroad, dentists working in sales field even if they work in medical sales (ex. medical drugs). Break in the series: 1999.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?17 «Information about the medical and pharmaceutical personnel", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: Interns are not included.
San Marino
Data not available.
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center. Annual report M (MZ SR) 1- 01 on structure and number of health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Stomatologists (dentists practising only in basic field of activity "stomatology") are included.
Break in time series:
-1998: Employees of denationalised establishments emerging during the process of privatisation are included in statistical databases since 1998.
-2007: Change in data source (Register of health professionals instead of Annual report M (MZ SR) 1- 01 on structure and number of health professionals).
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Professionally active dentists include practising dentists working in the health-care sector and dentists working at HP4, 6.1, 6.3-6.9 and HP7 providers.
- The variations between 1992 and 1996 might be explained by a problem of under-reporting.
Spain
Data not available. (Data based on Economically Active Population Survey and referring to CNO-11 codes at 4-digit level (Spanish equivalence of ISCO-08) are not available.)
- Up to 2010: Professionally active dentists are included in the number of professionally active physicians at 3 digit level of the National Occupations Classification (CNO-94), the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88, in the Economically Active Population Survey.
Sweden
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- In addition to the NACE-codes used to identify practicing dentists the NACE-codes: 75.1 - Public authorities 80.3 - Higher education establishments are used to identify professional active dentists.
- 100 per cent coverage.
Switzerland
Data not available.
Tajikistan
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health –Skopje. Report for health staff in health sector (3-00-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Turkey
Source of data:
- From 2000 onwards: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
- Up to 1999: Health Statistics Yearbook - Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- From 2000 onwards: Dentists in the MoH, universities, the private sector and self-employed dentists are included.
- Dentists in MoND-affiliated facilities are not included until 2011.
- In 2010 and 2012, dentists working in the “Other” Sector (local authorities, municipalities, central organisation of MoH) are included; they are not included in 2011.
- Dentists acting as managers in the MoH, universities and the private sector are included.
- Dentists who work abroad or have not graduated from school yet are not included.
Break in time series:
- Break in 2000.
- MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Turkmenistan
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included.
Break in time series:
- 2004: Decrease in numbers of dentists is a consequence of the state programme Health on re-organization of the health institutions with the purpose of rational use of human resources for health in the country.
- 2010: Prior to 2010, dental technicians and casters were included in dentists, they are excluded since 2010.
Ukraine
Source: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health. Report form ? 17 “Health employment” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: health professionals of dental medicine with secondary special education (“zubnoj vrach”) are included in the total number of dentists. Data on foreign dentists not included.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.