• Professionally active caring personnel (personal care workers), total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 3839

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Professionally active caring personnel (personal care workers), total number
Indicator code: carpers.prof

Professionally active caring personnel include practising caring personnel and other caring personnel for whom their education is a prerequisite for the execution of the job.
Inclusion
- Caring personnel providing services directly to patients
- Caring personnel working in administration, management, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with patients
Exclusion
- Unemployed caring personnel and retired caring personnel
- Caring personnel working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
No data available.
Austria
Data not available.
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Note: Data not available.
Belgium
Source of data: SPF Sante publique, securite de la chaine alimentaire et de l'environnement, DG2 Soins de Sante primaires et gestion de Crises - FOD Volksgezondheid, Veiligheid van de Voedselketen en Leefmilieu DG2 Basisgezondheidszorg en Crisisbeheer. Base de donnees federale des professionnels de soins de sante - Federale databank van de beoefenaars van de gezondheidszorgberoepen. Administrative database.
Further information: www.health.fgov.be.
Reference period: 31st December.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to caring personnel licensed to practice (a new health care profession since 2007 licensed by the ministry of health).
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Note: Caring personnel does not exist in the country, the whole time series is set to 0.
Bulgaria
Data not available.
Croatia
Data not available.
Cyprus
Data not available.
Czechia
Data not available.
Denmark
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Staff whose status in the Central Personnel Register is active, i.e. in the country (not dead or abroad); connected to HP1, HP2 or HP3 as either a) employed, b) employed, being on leave or
c) employed, receiving sickness benefit.
Estonia
Data not available.
Finland
Source of data: THL Health Personnel Statistics; National Institute for Health and Welfare. The data for 2000 and 2005 onwards are based on the Employment Register kept by Statistics Finland.
Reference period: Data refer to information for the whole year.
Coverage: Data include caring personnel active in health care in Finland.
France
Source of data:
- From 1986 to 2001: Enquete Emploi (INSEE). Code profession P=5221 : nursing aids (public or private sector).
- From 2002 onwards: Enquete Emploi en Continu (INSEE). Code profession P=526a: nursing aids (public or private sector).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- The category caring personnel includes nursing aids and excludes dental assistants, veterinary assistants, nursery assistants and assistants for handicapped persons (aides medico-psychologiques).
- These data are not available for overseas departments.
Georgia
Data not available. Health statistics do not contain such data.
Germany
Data not available.
Greece
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.).
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage: Caring personnel working in hospital sector (public and private) and caring personnel working in Public Health Centers.
Hungary
Data not available.
Iceland
Data not available.
Ireland
Data not available.
Israel
Data not available.
Italy
Source of data: ISTAT, Labour Force Survey. http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/8263.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage: Sample survey.
- Data include caring personnel working in the Health sector or in other economic sectors.
Estimation method: Estimation from the sample survey. Data are affected by the statistical error due to the sample design.
Kazakhstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
Reference period: 31 December.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: The number of caring professionals at the end of the year includes all active caring professionals (nurse assistants) with few months nursing courses working in health care, public health, health administration, health education and research institutions (public or private), including health care institutions under other ministries than the Ministry of Health. The number of caring professionals excludes: those working in social institutions.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Malta
Data not available.
Montenegro
Data not available.
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Statistics on health-care personnel. Administrative registers. See http://www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Coverage: The figures provided cover all professionally active caring personnel in all industries.
Poland
Data not available.
Portugal
Data not available.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign workers who provide personal care are not included.
Breaks in time series: 2001, 2002. Data for 2000 include only specialized personnel that took care of “bed patients” (whose physical conditions did not allow them to get our of bed) in the hospitals. Data for 2001 include all junior nurses and other junior medical personnel that provided direct personal care and assistance to the patients in hosplitals. Starting from 2002 data include all junior medical personnel working in hospitals and polyclinics.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The data cover all sanitary personnel from public and private sector. The "Caring personnel" include: stretcher bearers, bathing personnel, gypsum operative, mud-bath personnel, laundresses, ambulance drivers, cleaning personnel, disinfection and disinfestations agents and other medical personnel similar to the medical auxiliary staff. The medical auxiliary staff provides cleaning and hygiene services in the medical units, prepare materials necessary for the activity, the transport of patients, etc. From total number of caring personnel the cleaning personnel, disinfection and disinfestations agents could not be excluded.
Russian Federation
Data not available.
San Marino
Data not available.
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia. This subcategory does not exist in the country.
Slovakia
Source of data: Record of Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic, No. 11.01, 19.01.
Coverage: Data refer to formal carers at home and formal carers and health assistants (not nurses) at institutions and social service facilities.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Professionally active caring personnel include practising professionals working in the health-care sector and professionals working at HP4, 6.1, 6.3-6.9 and HP7 providers.
Break in time series: 2012: improved reporting from the providers of social care, i.e. included are providers which, next of social care, also provide health care (e.g. homes for the elderly, residential facilities for the disabled persons).
Spain
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE), based on the Economically Active Population Survey. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t22/e308_mnu&file=inebase&N=&L=0.
Reference period: Annual average. Three-year moving averages (e.g. data reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997).
Coverage:
- A significant revision of the numbers of nurses in previous years has been made in 2010 due to a clarification of definitions. The Spanish Working Group for the adaptation of ISCO-08 to our own classifications (CNO-11) determined that Spanish health professionals fit as follows:
a) The category 'associate professional nurses' (ISCO-08 code 3221) does not exist in Spain, so these series have been completely corrected.
b) The nursing aides working in Spain correspond entirely to the group 5 of the ISCO classification (ISCO-08 codes 5321, 5322) based on the tasks and functions they perform. Therefore, based on these criteria, the series for practising nurses, professionally active nurses, associate professional nurses and caring personnel have been updated for the period 1995-2008.
- The number of professionally active caring personnel was obtained by calculating the number of caring personnel employed in the health sector as well as in remaining sectors of NACE rev.2 since 2009, and similarly with NACE Rev.1 and NACE Rev1.1 from 1995 to 2008. Thus, the ‘Professionally active’ data correspond to caring personnel regardless of NACE sector where they are working.
- Data analysis over time should be carried out with caution. Data are obtained from a survey and fluctuations in the data can occur for a number of reasons, one of them being the sampling errors. These variations can lead to false assumptions about trends. We advise users of time series data to carefully explore the relevant issues before drawing any conclusions about the reasons for year-on-year changes.
- From 1995 to 2010, the data include professionally active caring personnel (5132, 5133 ISCO-88 codes) exclusively. The data by occupation are classified according the National Occupations Classification (CNO-94 Spain, code 511), the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88 codes 5132, 5133.
- From 2011 onwards the data are classified according to CNO-11 Spain, codes 561 and 571. The CNO-11 codes 561 and 571 are the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-08 codes 5321 and 5322.
- An update of the figures for the period 1995-2010 has been carried out in 2012: Implementing the new classification ISCO-08 led to findings that indicate that many home-based personal care workers were encoded improperly as ISCO-88 code 5139 from 1995 to 2010. After a thorough review, the data series were updated for the period 1995-2010 including those personal workers mistakenly encoded at that time. Since 2011, all personal care workers (both home-based and in institutions) are encoded within 5321 and 5322 ISCO-08 codes.
- During the first quarter of 2005 various changes have been introduced into the Economically Active Population Survey:
1. New variables have been included in accordance with Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Communities) requirements, set forth in Regulation 2257/2003.
2. A centralised procedure has been implemented for the process of the telephone interviews.
3. With the goal of further standardising the survey process, the questions of the questionnaire have been reformulated.
Estimation method: In 2014, data series have been updated with Spanish population figures imported from Census 2011 and recalculated by using three-year moving averages in order to reduce the large year-to-year fluctuations in data derived from the LFS. The number reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997; the number for 2012 is an average of 2011-2013.
Sweden
Data not available.
Switzerland
Data not available.
Tajikistan
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health –Skopje. Report for health staff in health sector (3-00-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Up until 2005, the data sets for private sector are incomplete, because private sector physicians were not sending reports regularly to the relevant organisations. Ever since 2006, more strict controls for regular reporting were put into practice by the Ministry of Health, which resulted in very accurate report sending and vastly improved evidence of health personnel. The new software from 2006 comprises private sector. Break in the series: 2006.
Note: Private for profit hospitals were introduced in year 2006, which is probably the explanation for sudden increase in year 2007?
Turkey
Data not available. (This job description does not exist in Turkey).
Turkmenistan
Data not available.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 17 “Health employment” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from definition: data on foreign personal care workers are not included. Current reporting system does not allow to separate Practising caring personnel from Professionally active.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.