• Practising pharmacists, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Practising pharmacists, total number
Indicator code: pract.pharm

Practising pharmacists prepare, dispense or sell medicaments and drugs directly to patients (clients) and provide advice.
- Persons who have completed studies in pharmacy at university level (granted by adequate diploma) and who are licensed to practice
- Salaried and self-employed pharmacists delivering services irrespectively of the place of service provision
- Foreign pharmacists licensed to practice pharmacy and actively practising in the country
- Students who have not yet graduated
- Pharmacists working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with the patients (clients)
- Unemployed pharmacists and retired pharmacists
- Pharmacists working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country/Area notes
Source: Ministry of Health.
Note: It is difficult to get accurate numbers because of growing private sector.
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Data does not include the private sector.
Deviation from the definition: Data on foreign pharmacists licensed to practice or professionally active are not included due to lack of data.
Source of data: Osterreichische Apothekerkammer - Vollerhebung / Austrian Chamber of Pharmacists - total of members.
Reference period: 31 December.
- includes the whole medical field (private practices, hospitals, ...);
- excludes pharmacists working in industry, administration and research;
- excludes retired pharmacists.
Source of data: The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Reference period: data as of December 31
Note: Due to privatisation started in 1997, the number of pharmacies in the public sector dropped sharply.
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/
Reporting period: 31 December.
Coverage: Up to 2009 includes data on Pharmacists (persons with higher pharmaceutical education), under the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus, 2010 data represent Pharmacists throughout the Republic of Belarus.
Deviation from the definition: Data on foreign pharmacists (those with higher pharmaceutical education) are not included because this information is not available.
Note: The 30% reduction of the total number of pharmacists in 1995 is associated with the development of non-state network of pharmacies and pharmacists of the mass exodus of the state network of pharmacies (and data coverage in this period of time (only the public sector)).
Source of data: Institut National d'Assurance Maladie Invalidite.
Break in time series: Since 2009, data on practising pharmacists exclude pharmacists aged 65 years old and over.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Source of data: Ministry of Health
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: All pharmacists who worked in outpatient and inpatient facilities as well as those who worked in health administration and research institutions. Pharmacists working in pharmacies outside the health establishments are not covered. Up to 1999 administrative sources were used. In 2000 this data collection was excluded from the National Statistical Program.
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Coverage: Private pharmacists have been included since 1993.
Source of data: Statistical Service of Cyprus, Public sector administrative sources.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Numbers of practising pharmacists refer to personnel employed in the public sector only.
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Registry of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Until 1999, physicians working in other central organs not included. Since the year 2000, data cover physicians in all health services. Break in series: 2000.
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December..
Coverage: Pharmacists who have a license to practice and whose status in the Central Personnel Register is active (not dead or abroad), i.e. working in the country in HP1-HP3 or in the retail business (HP4), i.e. in pharmacies.
Source of data:
- Annual reports, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics.
- Agency of Medicines, monthly reports of pharmacies.
Reference period:
-1980-2012: 31st of December.
- Since 2013: November.
- The data refer to practising personnel in health care institutions and in pharmacies.
- In 2001, the collection of statistical reports in the Agency of Medicines moved from the Bureau of Drug Statistics into the Department of Pharmacy. From 1991 to 2002, there was no obligation for pharmacies to submit activity reports to the Agency of Medicines, and therefore not all pharmacies submitted their reports to the Agency. Therefore, when using data from the years 1996-2003, it should be considered that the numbers are slightly underestimated.
- Data for 2001 have been calculated as the 5-years' average, pharmacists working in pharmacies has been derived by subtracting the pharmacists working in health care institutions from the calculated number.
- Similarly, the data for 1998-2000 has been provided for those working in pharmacies. Break in the series: 2004 and 2013.
- The data collection methodology was changed in 2013. Aggregated data collection was replaced with data collection on a personal basis. From 2013, the predominant (main) area of practice is based on an occupation with the highest workload.
Source of data: THL Health Personnel Statistics; National Institute for Health and Welfare. The data are based on the Employment Register kept by Statistics Finland.
Reference period: Data refer to information for the whole year.
Source of data: ASIP- RPPS (Repertoire Partage des Professionnels de Sante). http://esante.gouv.fr/espace-cps/editeurs/le-rpps.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Subsections of pharmacists: A, DA, DM, EA, ED, EH, H, G, EG.
- Data concern pharmacists and assistant pharmacists working in pharmacies (excluding those working in pharmaceutical industry, managing directors or assistant directors of laboratories, pharmacist working in administration, research, etc.). Data also include biologists working in medical laboratories.
- Data include foreign pharmacists licensed to practice and exclude pharmacists working abroad.
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
Health statistics do not contain such data.
Source of data: Federal Union of German Associations of Pharmacists, Pharmacy and staff statistics; http://www.abda.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
- The number of practising pharmacists includes pharmacists working in a public or hospital pharmacy (head-count data).
- The data exclude qualified pharmacists who are working abroad, working in administration, research and industry positions, unemployed and retired pharmacists and students who have not yet graduated.
Data not available.
Source of data: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures, Operational Registry.
Coverage: Pharmacists with a valid registration in the Operational Registry, which is the condition of the unsupervised healthcare activity.
Source of data: Directorate of Health and The Association of Icelandic Pharmacists.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Practising pharmacists - may refer more to professionally active pharmacists (but the group of non-practising pharmacists is small).
- Included: Pharmacists and exam pharmacists, proprietary pharmacists, pharmacists working in pharmacies, pharmacists working in the pharmaceutical industry, pharmacists working in hospitals, pharmacists working as professors, pharmacists working in public administration. Assistant pharmacists (people graduating with a shorter university education than full pharmacists) are included.
- Excluded: Pharmacists not working as pharmacists, unemployed pharmacists.
Break in time series: More detailed data (recently available) showed that some pharmacists had been counted twice (both as pharmacists and proprietary pharmacists). Corrections could not be made further back than 1999.
Data not available.
Source of data: The data are based on the Labour Force Survey which is conducted routinely by the Central Bureau of Statistics and includes persons who had worked for at least one hour during the week before the survey, for pay, profit or other consideration. Occupation is determined by the type of work performed by the interviewed person at his place of work, without regard to what he studied if his work is not in that field. The classification of occupations is based on the classification of the International Labour Office (ILO): International Standard Classification of Occupations ISCO 88.
Coverage: The sample of practising pharmacists is relatively small, and therefore the data are subject to large variations due to sample errors and wide confidence intervals. Any data analysis should be carried out with caution.
Estimation method: Moving average of three years (numbers for previous, current and next years) was made in order to diminish the fluctuations in the numbers. For example, the number of practicing pharmacists in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997. The number for 2011 is an average of 2010-2012.
Break in time series:
- From January 2012, the Central Bureau of Statistics has made a transition from a quarterly system of measuring labour force characteristics to a new and improved system that better suits the latest international recommendations on employment and unemployment - Monthly Labour Force Survey. Therefore the 2012 (original) data refer to the entire labour force (including the military service) and not to the civilian labour force, as it was before.
- In addition to the transition to a monthly survey, in 2012 a new Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities based on ISIC was implemented as well as a new Standard Classification of Occupations based on ISCO-08. The (original) numbers for 2012 are still reported according to the previous classifications, but the (original) numbers for 2013 are based on the new classifications.
Further information: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_force_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf. http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications12/economic_activities11/pdf/e_print.pdf.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Data not available. Data are available for "professionally active" pharmacists (including pharmacists in administrative, academic or research functions who are not providing direct care to patients).
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.

A 90% decrease in number of pharmacists in 1995 was caused by the beginning of privatization and subsequent incomplete reporting from private sector.
Source of data:
- 2006 and earlier and from 2009: State Agency of Medicines, report "Summary on operation of pharmacies, medicine wholesales enterprises and medicines production enterprises".
- 2007 and 2008: Pharmacist and pharmacist assistant register, under direct jurisdiction of Pharmacists’ Society of Latvia.
Reference period: 31 December. Break in series: 2007, 2009: Change in data source.
Source of data: Up to 2003 for data on pharmacists working in pharmacies and wholesale medicine supply enterprises - State Medicines Control Agency; for data on pharmacists working in health care institutions - Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Up to 2003 the number of practicing pharmacists at the end of the year includes all professionally active pharmacists excluding those working in administration, health education and research.
Source of data: Direction de la Sante – Service des statistiques until 2005; from 2005: Division de la pharmacie et des medicaments.
Reference period: 31st December.
- The data reported do not include pharmacists paid by hospital, making pharmaceuticals or those working abroad.
- Data includes self-employed pharmacists and pharmacies' employees, along with employees in clinical laboratories, retail sales of medications, and those working in administrations.
- Foreign pharmacists authorised to work in Luxembourg who work in the mentioned sectors are included.
- The series has been rectified back to 1993. It includes only pharmacists (salaried or self-employed) who have direct contact with patients. Foreign pharmacists who are permitted to practice in Luxembourg are also included.
- Data should be considered with care due to methodological issues encountered during the census series concerning pharmacists and nurses.
- A more precise methodology has not yet been finalised for data relating to pharmacists.
Break in time series: 1993.
Source of data: The Registers of the Pharmacy Council.
Coverage: 2006/2007: The number of 493 (2006) and 442 (2007) practising Pharmacists represent the number of pharmacists working as pharmacists in Hospital and Community Pharmacies Break in series: 2009. A change in methodology in supply of data by Pharmacy Council was implemented for figures for end 2009. Figures quoted for practising and professionally active pharmacists are based on full time employment only. The full time equivalence is not recorded by the Pharmacy Council and therefore Head Count of Pharmacists working full time only have been included. Break in series: From 2012 onwards an estimate of part-timers have been included in the total head count of the practicing pharmacists. Also, a proportion of the pharmacists who have not paid their retention fees have been included. Estimates: From 2011. A proportion of pharmacists who have not indicated their place of work to the Pharmacy Council have been assumed to be practicing pharmacists by the Pharmacy Council. From 2012 onwards: The number of part-time practicing pharmacists was estimated since these are not all captured by the Pharmacy Council. A proportion of pharmacists who had not paid their retention fees by the end of the year were assumed to be practising pharmacists by the Pharmacy Council
Coverage: Data of 2012 has been updated since the number of practising pharmacists was calculated incorrectly.
Source: Institute of Public Health (reports).
Source of data:
- Up to and including 1994: Inspectorate Health Care.
- 1995 – 1998: pharmacists in public pharmacies: Stichting Farmaceutische Kengetallen (Foundation Pharmaceutical Key figures); pharmacists in hospitals: Koninklijke Nederlandsche Maatschappij ter bevordering der Pharmacie (KNMP) (Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Pharmacy).
- 1999 onwards: Social Statistical Database of Statistics Netherlands, BIG Register (official register of health care professionals).
Reference period: The last Friday before Christmas.
- up to 1998: Pharmacists in public pharmacies + pharmacists in hospitals.
- from 1999 onwards: licensed pharmacists working in health care and social assistance (SIC 86, 87 and 88) and in public pharmacies (NACE 4773).
North Macedonia
Data not available.
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Register-based statistics on employment of health-care personnel.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
- Practising pharmacists are pharmacists working within HP1-HP4 and in nace 21, 46.46 and 47.73.
- Pharmacists working in administration cannot be separated from pharmacists working with patients.
Source of data: Central Statistical Office, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Since 2003 data from the Ministry of National Defence and the Ministry of Interior and Administration are included.
- Includes pharmacists working in hospitals, pharmacies and pharmaceutical outlets and excludes pharmacists working in pharmaceutical manufacturing corporations. Teaching and administrative staff have been excluded since 2004. Pharmacists in training were included in years 2003 and earlier.
Break in time series: Since 2004, pharmacists in training are excluded.
Note: The main reason for the decrease in the number of pharmacists in 2004 was the change in data collection methods (for example pharmacists were previously listed together with persons undergoing training).
Source of data: Statistics Portugal / Portuguese Pharmaceutical Society.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data reflect the number of practising pharmacists registered at the Portuguese Pharmaceutical Society.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign pharmacists are not included.
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
- From 1970 to 1998, data refer only to the public sector. Before 1990 all pharmacies were only in the public sector, so all pharmacists worked in the public sector. After 1990 an increasingly large number of drugstores was privatized. The trend of sharp decrease in the number of pharmacists between 1991 and 1998 is due to the transition of the pharmacies and pharmacists from public to private sector.
- From 1999 the data cover all sanitary pharmacists from public and private sector.
- Pharmacists (ISCO/COR 2224) are defined as the persons who have completed studies in pharmacology at university level and who are licensed to practice in pharmacology. Pharmacists’ tasks include: preparing and supervising the preparation of drugs according to prescription of physicians and dentists, or establish formulae for drugs, checking prescriptions to assure that the recommended dosages are not exceeded and that the instructions are understood by patients or persons who will administrate the drugs, advising on possible drug incompatibility; dispensing drugs in hospital or selling them in pharmacies.
- The pharmacists who work in education field as teachers and pharmacists from health insurance field are not included as practising pharmacists. It was impossible to exclude pharmacists who have administrative function in health units because separate registrations do not exist.
- Were excluded from pharmacists: students, unemployed pharmacists in health field, retirement pharmacists and pharmacists working abroad, pharmacists working in sales field if is not a pharmacy.

Until 2007 pharmacists working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with patients could not be totally excluded. Break in series: 1999.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?17 «Information about the medical and pharmaceutical personnel", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Source of data: Human Resources Office at the Social Security Institute.
Coverage: Data include only public sector’ health professionals.
Data not available.
Source of data: National Health Information Center. Annual report M (MZ SR) 1- 01 on structure and number of health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Pharmacists with completed pharmaceutical education, licensed and practising.
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Practising pharmacists are those working in pharmacies and the health-care sector (primary and secondary care), including public health institutes and the health insurance institute.
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE). Economically Active Population Survey (several issues). http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t22/e308_mnu&file=inebase&N=&L=0.
Reference period: Annual average. Three-year moving averages (e.g. data reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997).
- From 1995 to 2010, the data include practising pharmacists (2224 ISCO-88 code). The data by occupation are classified according the National Occupations Classification (CNO-94 Spain, code 214), the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88 code 2224.
- From 2011 onwards the data are classified according to CNO-11 Spain, code 214. The CNO-11 code 214 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-08 code 2262 (pharmacists).
- Although the replacement of the old classification CNO-94 (the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88), which had been in force since 1995 until 2010, by the current Spanish Classification of Occupations CNO-11 (equivalence of ISCO-08) in the source of the data should not have any impact on data, in practice this fact may have influenced the gap between 2010 and 2011 of some occupations such as the pharmacists. Besides, series on ‘practising’ and ‘professionally active’ pharmacists are based on a source that provides fluctuating data from year-to-year (i.e the use of the Labour Force Survey) while the data on licensed to practice are based on a more stable registry from the Register of Pharmacists Council.
- The number of practising pharmacists was obtained by calculating the number of pharmacists employed in the health sector and dispensing medicaments/drugs in specialised stores according to NACE rev.2 (chapter Q + code 4773) since 2009, and similarly with NACE Rev.1 and NACE Rev.1.1 from 1995 to 2008.
- Data analysis over time should be carried out with caution. Data are obtained from a survey and fluctuations in the data can occur for a number of reasons, one of them being the sampling errors. These variations can lead to false assumptions about trends. We advise users of time series data to carefully explore the relevant issues before drawing any conclusions about the reasons for year-on-year changes.
- During the first quarter of 2005 various changes have been introduced into the Economically Active Population Survey:
1. New variables have been included in accordance with Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Communities) requirements, set forth in Regulation 2257/2003.
2. A centralised procedure has been implemented for the process of the telephone interviews.
3. With the goal of further standardising the survey process, the questions of the questionnaire have been reformulated.
Estimation method: In 2014, data series have been updated with Spanish population figures imported from Census 2011 and recalculated by using three-year moving averages in order to reduce the large year-to-year fluctuations in data derived from the LFS. The number reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997; the number for 2012 is an average of 2011-2013.
Source of data:
- Before 1999: The National Corporation of Swedish Pharmacies.
- From 1999: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage: Before 1999:
-The figures include all pharmacists employed by the National Corporation of Swedish pharmacies.
- All pharmacists working in retail are included in these figures. Even prescriptionists (with a 2-year university education) are included.
- The latter category makes up about 80 % of the group. From 1999:
- Pharmacists include all persons with a Swedish pharmacist license employed within the retail pharmacy sector.
- Prescriptionnists (with a 2-year university degree) are included. This category makes up 86 % of all pharmacists.
- 100 per cent coverage.
Break in time series: Figures on pharmacists before 1999 are not consistent with the data from 1999 onwards because of differences in sources and methodology.
Source of data: Pharmasuisse, Swiss Pharmaceutical Association (FPH), Bern; annual reports.
Data not available. Data are available for "professionally active" pharmacists (including pharmacists in administrative, academic or research functions who are not providing direct care to patients).
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included.
Break in time series:
- 2004: 20% decrease in numbers of pharmacists in 2004 is a consequence of the state programme Health on re-organization of the health institutions with the purpose of rational use of human resources for health in the country.
Sourceof data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health. Report form ? 17 “Health employment” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: pharmacists with secondary special education are included. Data on foreign pharmacists not included. Data on pharmacists working in pharmacies are not included.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Source of data:
- Great Britain: General Pharmaceutical Council (GPhC) from 2011 onwards; Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB) prior to 2011.
- Northern Ireland: Pharmaceutical Society of Northern Ireland.
- Data are the sum of GB data and Northern Ireland data.
- Great Britain: Data exclude:
- Students who have not yet graduated
- Pharmacists working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with the patients (clients)
- Unemployed pharmacists and retired pharmacists
- Pharmacists working abroad
- Northern Ireland: Data only available from 2005. The number of pharmacists who paid for full membership in the Pharmaceutical Society of Northern Ireland in each year. This will exclude practising pharmacists aged 65+ (these pharmacists are not required to pay for full membership).
- In Northern Ireland, there will be a small percentage of students included (approx. 150 to 200 per year).
Estimation method:
- Great Britain: Data estimated by using data from the RPSGB register data 2009 and workforce census of 2005 and 2008. Estimates were calculated by applying the proportion of survey respondents who were found to be “working as a pharmacist” in 2005 and 2008 to the number of registered members of the RPSGB who were living in Britain in each year.
- Northern Ireland: Data for 2002 to 2004 estimated based on the contribution to the UK total between 2005 and 2008. In 2011, data for 2007-2009 have been revised and were approximated using the Pharmaceutical Society annual reports excluding an estimate of those in academia, but figures may still include retirees. Data from 2010, however, do exclude staff working in academia and those retired.
Break in time series: change in data source for the Great Britain in 2011. The RPSGB maintained a ‘practising’ register and a ‘non-practising’ register. These registers were maintained so that pharmacists who weren’t currently practising could pay cheaper subs for ‘registration’. Before 2011, data refer to ‘GB Practising Pharmacists’. When the GPhC came into existence, they decided to only maintain a register of who intended to practice in GB, so anyone on the RPSGB ‘non-practising’ register who wished to remain registered had to apply to enter the ‘practising’ register of the GPhC. This explains the increase in the number of pharmacists reported in 2011.
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.