• Positron Emission Tomography scanners in ambulatory setting, per 100 000 population (Line chart)
  • Positron Emission Tomography scanners in ambulatory setting, per 100 000 (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Positron Emission Tomography scanners in ambulatory setting, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: medTech.PET.amb.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Positron Emission Tomography scanners , total number".

Number of Positron Emission Tomography scanner units (PET units).

PET is a highly specialised imaging technique using short-lived radioactive substances. This technique produces three dimensional images which are used mainly for the assessment of cancer spread in a patient's body.
- Modern PET-CT systems using image fusion (superposition of CT and PET images)
Country/Area notes
Data not available.
No data available.
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health & Gesundheit Osterreich GmbH, Monitoring of medical technology development (Gro?gerateerhebung).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Complete (as far as information is available regarding the ambulatory sector).
Data not available.
Note: No data available.
Source of data: Federal Service of Public Health, DG 1 “Organisation of health provisions”; Ministry of the Flemish community and Ministry of the French community.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data correspond to the number of hospitals with this technology.
- Data on high-tech equipment in cabinets of ambulatory care providers are not available.
Deviation from definition: Data correspond to the number of hospitals which have at least one PET scanner.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Data not available.
Source of data: National Centre for Public Health and Analyses at the Ministry of Health
Reference period: 31st of December Due to structural transformations in the health care system in 2011 the National Centre for Health Information was transform into National Centre for Public Health and Analyses
Coverage: The study is with annual periodicity. All types of health establishments except hospices are included.
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Medical Equipment Database
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data includes PET units in all public and private hospitals and other health care providers in Croatia, except prison hospital.
Source of data: Up to 2004: Nicosia General Hospital, Medical Physics Department. From 2005: Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, Department of Labour Inspection, Radiation Inspections and Control Service.
Reference period: 31st December.
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Survey on medical apparatus in health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December.
- From the year 2000, data cover all sectors.
Source of data: National Institute of Radiation Protection.
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage: In 2004 some PET/CTs might have been registered as gamma cameras, which could be the reason for the large changes in numbers of gamma cameras and PET units from 2004 till 2005.
Source of data: National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics since 2008. Validity of the source:
- Valid since 2005.
- Data on equipment were not collected routinely before 2005. Since 2006 data have been included in the annual reports of health care providers.
Reference period: 31st of December.
- All providers. Since 2006 data have been included in the annual reports (“Health Care Provider”).
- Devices rented from foreign firms are excluded, although the service is provided by Estonian health care providers.
- Data are collected from hospitals and ambulatory care providers. Due to the changes in the HP coding in 2014 according to the SHA2011 some providers, previously classified under HP3, were classified under HP4. To avoid data loss since 2014 also HP4 providers are included under category “ambulatory care”.
Source of data: Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority Finland and university hospitals.
Coverage: All hospitals.
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from FINESS.
Reference period: Equipment in service during the year (not necessarily during the whole year).
Coverage: Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
Source: Data are based on annual statistical reports from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Hospital statistics (basic data of hospitals and prevention or rehabilitation facilities); Statistisches Bundesamt, Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.1, table
2.8.1 and ibid., Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.2, table 2.6; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data on medical technology include equipment installed in all types of hospitals (HP.1) in all sectors (public, not-for-profit and private).
- Additional equipment in the ambulatory sector is not counted in official statistics.
Source of data: Healthcare Technology Consultation Centre.
Source of data:
- Until 2007: Hungarian National Institute for Hospital and Medical Engineering (ORKI).
- From 2008: Healthcare Quality Improvement and Hospital Engineering (EMKI) (http://www.emki.hu/).
Reference period: 31st December.
- Equipment used in military hospitals (belonging to the Ministry of Defence) and the health institutes of the Hungarian State Railways are not included.
- The number contains only those units which are owned by health care institutions under contract with the National Insurance Fund (OEP).
Source of data: Icelandic Radiation Safety Authority.
Reference period: 31st December.
Source of data: Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland.
Reference period: End of each calendar year.
- All figures are taken from the RPII's licensing database and were calculated at the end of each calendar year. Figures reflect the number of machines licensed by the RPII in Ireland. Under the licensing system used, the RPII assigns purposes to each item of equipment which indicates the clinical use of that item e.g. mammography, fluoroscopy, CT etc. This designation is based upon data supplied from equipment users. Therefore, the figures reflect how they describe the equipment.
Source of data: The data are based on the Medical Institutions License Registry maintained by the Department of Medical Facilities and Equipment Licensing and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Includes all licensed PET units. * Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
- Data on DSA, PET and mammography units were available for the first time in 2007.
- Pet units include a modern PET-CT unit system that uses image fusion-superposition of CT and PET images.
- Available equipment both in hospital and territorial facilities is counted. Territory private facilities not accredited by the National Health Service are not covered. However, data on equipment in hospitals refer to both public and private hospitals, including private hospitals not accredited by the National Health Service.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.
Reference period: 31 December.
Note: No PET scanner is available in Latvia.
Source of data: Radiation Protection Centre.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of licensed equipment. Since 2007 – the number of functioning equipment.
Source of data: Direction de la Sante, Service de Radioprotection.
Coverage: Includes all equipment in use.
Source of data:
- Aggregated data from Individual Institutions, Directorate of Institutional Health, Ministry of Health, the Elderly and Community Care and Occupational Health and Safety Authority (OHSA)
- For data from 2008 onwards the data sources are the Occupational Health & Safety Authority (OHSA) and Individual Institutions
Reference period: 31st December 2013. Both PET scanners are a combined PET/CT scanner, which can also be used as CT scanners.
Data not available.
Source of data:
- 2006 onwards: Annual reports social account which the hospitals are required to deliver; the survey on imaging diagnostics is included in this report.
- Up to 2005: Jaarenquete Beeldvormende Diagnostiek (annual survey imaging).
Data not available.
Source of data: Ministry of Health:
- MZ-12 - report on activity and workers in outpatient specialised health care. Data as at 31st December.
- MZ-29 - report on activity of general hospital. Data as at 31st December.
- Registers of authorisations given on activating and using the x-ray machines for medical diagnostics, interventional radiology, surface radiotherapy, radiotherapy of non-cancer diseases and on activating rooms using such devices. These registers are conducted by the provincial sanitary inspectors (16 units) and once a year by the report MZ-52 – “the report on radiation hygiene”. Data are delivered once a year to Chief Sanitary Inspector. Ministry of Interior:
- MSW-33 Report on nursing and residential care facilities. Data are collected on an annual basis. Data as at 31st December.
Source of data:
- For all sectors (inpatient and outpatient facilities): Ministry of Health - Survey of High-tech Facilities.
- Data include the total installed equipment.
Republic of Moldova
Data not available.
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: For the period 2005-2006 the data covers all hospitals from public sector, starting with 2007 data refers to hospitals and ambulatory care units of public and private sector. Data collection for 2005 and 2006 does not cover ambulatory care sector (HP3).
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?30 «Information about medical organization", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Source: Health Authority.
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, Register of medical equipment of national interest. http://www.batut.org.rs/ Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Medical technologies available regardless of frequency of use.
Source of data: Slovenian Radiation Protection Administration, registry of radiation sources in medicine and veterinary medicine.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Refers to all institutions in Slovenia. 
- Number of Positron Emission Tomography scanner units (PET units): Gamma camera that enables a limited PET diagnosis.
Source of data:
- Up to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from National Catalogue of Hospitals (several issues). http://www.msc.es/ciudadanos/prestaciones/centrosServiciosSNS/hospitales/home.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: 31st December.
- Until 2009, data relate only to devices available in hospitals; they do not include equipment in other health care facilities.
- Since 2010, data are available for equipment in hospitals and ambulatory sector.
Break in time series: 2010.
- Change in data source.
- Information about medical technology and diagnostic activity for centers HP.3 included since 2010.
Data not available.
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel.
Coverage: Full administrative data from the Federal Office of Public Health, Bern, Division of Radiological Protection.
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Ministry of health.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data include only equipment from publicly owned hospitals and ambulatory sector, private sector is excluded.
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
- Data cover the number of devices in the MoH, university hospitals and private hospitals in addition to those used by outsourcing in Turkey.
Break in time series: MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Note: The strong increase in 2012 is mainly due to improvements in data reporting and not to a real increase in the capacity.
Data Source: Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, the state statistical reporting forms for registration of personnel agencies and healthcare enterprises.
Reporting period: December 31st.
Coverage: Data provided by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, without the
Inclusion of data from other ministries and departments.
Data not available.
United Kingdom
Source of data:
- ‘A framework for the development of Positron Emission Tomography Services in England’ (www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_4121029);
- Royal College of Radiologists (http://www.rcr.ac.uk/Publications.aspx?pageid=310&PublicationID=214).
Coverage: UK, NHS and Private.
Data not available.