EUROPEAN HEALTH INFORMATION GATEWAY

Physicians employed by hospital, per 100 000

  • Physicians employed by hospital, per 100 000 population (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health (HlthRes-DB)

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Physicians employed by hospital, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: hosp_empl.phys.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Physicians employed by hospital, total number".

Number of physicians directly employed by a hospital.
Country notes
Albania
Source: Ministry of Health.
Armenia
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Austria
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Hospital Statistics.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage:
- Head counts/FTE of physicians employed by hospitals (HP.1).
- FTE: Up to 2007, this figure is a combined figure of appr. 90 % FTE (in publicly financed hospitals) and 10 % head counts (in private for-profit hospitals; the latter have to report FTE since the year of 2008).
Azerbaijan
Source of data: Department of Informatics and Statistics, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Reference period: data as of December 31.
Belarus
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/
Reporting period: 31 December.
Belgium
Source of data: SPF Sante publique - Service comptabilite des hopitaux.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Concerns only physicians employed by the hospitals (labour contract). Therefore, coverage does not include those working on a self-employed basis within the infrastructure of the hospital.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H, Human resources in hospital service in FB&H. Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska, Human resources in hospital service in Republica Srpska
Bulgaria
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: All physicians (head counts) who worked on a basic labour contract in inpatient health establishments (HP.1). Physicians with maxillo-facial surgery speciality are excluded.
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Reference period: data on December 31
Coverage: public and private health sectors included
Cyprus
Source of data: Annual survey conducted from the Statistical Service of Cyprus.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data on hospital manpower concern the public sector only. No data on hospital manpower available for the year 2000. Break in series: From 2011 onwards, included are the trainees, i.e. physicians who have completed their studies in medicine at university level (granted by adequate diploma) and who are licensed to practice and are attending a postgraduate internship for obtaining specialization but at the same time they are providing services in the hospital. No data on the trainees is available for previous years.
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic. Annual report on health personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Providers: Hospitals and specialised therapeutic institutes (excluding balneologic institutes, convalescence homes for children, institutes for long-term patients and hospices).
- Measurement units: head counts (employees on payroll and employers), FTE (employees on payroll, employers and contractual workers).
Denmark
Source of data:
- Head counts: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
- FTE: The joint municipal payroll data office (KRL).
Reference period:
- Head counts: 31st December. Data show the number for January first the following year.
- FTE: yearly average.
Coverage: Only public section of health staff is included.
Note: FTE figures are based on the employee's job description, while head counts figures are based on employee’s education.
Estonia
Source of data: Annual report, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics.
Reference period:
- 1980-2012: 31st of December.
- Since 2013: November.
Coverage: For 2006-2010 the head count distribution is made according to their main occupational activity.
Break in time series: 2013
- The data collection methodology was changed in 2013. Aggregated data collection was replaced with data collection on a personal basis. From 2013, the predominant (main) area of practice is based on an occupation with the highest workload.
Finland
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Register of the Finnish Medical Association which is updated by a yearly survey covering all physicians licensed to practice in Finland who are not retired until 2009. From 2010 onwards: Finnish Medical Association. Data from an annual survey: "Physicians’ Working Conditions and Health”.
Reference period: Mid-March.
France
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from the “Statistique Annuelle des Etablissements de sante (SAE)”.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- Data include self-employed physicians.
- FTE of self-employed medical personnel is not available, but the head count of these self-employed is known. The FTE are estimated from head counts by applying conventional calculating rules according to the working time of the self-employed.
Break in time series:
- From 2000 onwards, the “faisants fonction d’internes (FFI)” and “diplomes inter-universitaires de specialite (DIS)” are not available by specialty. Therefore, the medical FFI-DIS data have been estimated based on their ratios in the total number of FFI-DIS over 1994-1999.
Georgia
Source of data: Data are based on annual statistical reports collected from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Reference period: 31 December 2012
Coverage: The provided data cover all regions except separatist regions, Abkhazia and South Osetia. Data for those two regions are unavailable.
Germany
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Health Care Personnel 2015; special calculation by the Federal Statistical Office; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data contain the number of physicians directly employed by a hospital.
- Included are physicians employed in general hospitals, mental health hospitals and prevention and rehabilitation facilities in all sectors (public, not-for-profit and private).
- From 2000 onwards data from Health Care Personnel have been completely revised. Therefore comparable data before 2000 is not available.
Estimation method: The number of FTE is calculated by adding the full and appropriate proportion of part-time occupied employees. FTE are measured by the number of hours of a standard labour contract.
Greece
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.).
Reference period: 31st of December.
Hungary
Source of data: Hungarian Central Statistical Office. “Report on personnel of health service” per ICHA-HP categories: 1.1(General hospitals); 1.2 (Mental health and substance abuse hospitals); 1.3 (Speciality hospitals).
Reference period: 31st December.
Iceland
Source of data: The Ministry of Finance.
Reference period: December each year.
Ireland
Source of data: HR Management Information, Health Service Executive.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to publicly funded acute hospitals only. All employees under the aegis of Acute Services are included.
- Physicians taken to be Medical/Dental grade category excluding Dentists.

Historical data has been restated to cover re-structured health service configuration. Some years' data may remain unchanged.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Labour Force Survey which is conducted routinely by the Central Bureau of Statistics and includes persons who had worked for at least one hour during the week before the survey, for pay, profit or other consideration.
Estimation method:
- The data are subject to variations due to sample errors and wide confidence intervals.
- Full-time equivalents (FTE) was measured by the number of hours actually worked by health personnel divided by the average hours worked in full-time jobs in Israel.
Break in time series:
- From January 2012, the Central Bureau of Statistics has made a transition from a quarterly system of measuring labour force characteristics to a new and improved system that better suits the latest international recommendations on employment and unemployment - Monthly Labour Force Survey. Therefore the 2012 data refer to the entire labour force (including the military service) and not to the civilian labour force, as it was before.
- In addition to the transition to a monthly survey, in 2012 a new Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities based on ISIC was implemented as well as a new Standard Classification of Occupations based on ISCO-08. The numbers for 2012 are still reported according to the previous classifications, but the numbers for 2013 are based on the new classifications.
Further information: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_force_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf. http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications12/economic_activities11/pdf/e_print.pdf.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: Since 2003: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3836&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
Coverage:
- Data available for head counts only.
- Since 2003 data refer to public and private hospitals, including private hospitals not accredited by the National Health Service.
Kazakhstan
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Latvia
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Statistical Report.
Reference period: 31 December.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data for all hospitals excluding nursing hospitals. Service contracts with non-employed health professionals are excluded. Full time equivalents data is higher than head count data. Very often in Lithuania medical specialists (especially physicians) and some other employees are working more than 1 staff (1.25 or
1.5).
Luxembourg
Data not available.
Malta
Sources of the data: Data comes from the establishments themselves.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: For 2007, number of physicians employed by hospital, head count: includes 65 physicians working on contract. For 2009, the figure of 636, head count, includes 7 working on contract. Figures for 2010 onwards include physicians working on contract
Montenegro
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/.
Reference period: December 31st.
Note: There is no data available for FTE.
Netherlands
Source of data: Statistics Netherlands.
- 1999-2002: survey;
- 2002-2005: Prismant survey;
- 2006 onwards: Annual reports social account.
- 2012: Data based on BIG Register (register of (para)medical professions); SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register).
Estimation method:
- since 1999: The figures according to the annual reports social account have been distributed among 1) physicians (based on the BIG register) 2) nurses and midwives (based on the BIG register) 3) Health care assistants (based on LFS estimates for ISCO 5132) 4) other employees (up till 2010 further distribution was possible to other health service providers and other staff using the annual reports social account).
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Register-based statistics on employment of health-care personnel.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to economically active professionals.
Coverage:
- The figures provided give the number of practising personnel within HP1. There is no guarantee that these professionals actually work in patient care as data refer to education the individuals have rather than the job they hold within the HP structure.
- The health sector in Norway underwent a large reorganisation in 2001. Figures are therefore provided from 2002.
Break in time series: 2009. New calculation method.
Poland
Source of data: Ministry of Health.
Coverage: Excludes physicians employed in hospitals founded by the Ministry of Interior and by the Ministry of National Defence.
Portugal
Source of data: National Statistical Office - Survey on Hospitals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- The Hospital Survey began in 1985. This survey covers the whole range of hospitals acting in Portugal: hospitals managed by the National Health Service (public hospitals with universal access), non-public state hospitals (military and prison) and private hospitals.
- Includes all physicians employed by hospital.
- Information on full time equivalents is not available.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign health personnel are not included.
Romania
Source of data: 2000-2006: Ministry of Public Health. 2007: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: For the period 2000-2006 the data cover only Ministry of Health network. For 2007 data cover public and private sector. Break in the series: 2007. The number of physicians in hospitals is oscillating because some of these doctors are registered on integrated ambulatory hospital. Also, in hospitals are employed resident physicians whose number increases in some years, and decreases in other years. Until 2010 the data for the private sector are collected centrally, from administrative sources (data from the Ministry of Health). Since 2010, NIS collected data through a Web application directly from hospitals. In 2010 several private hospitals were reported. In recent years, some of these private hospitals refused to report statistical data to the Ministry of Health.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?30 «Information about medical organization", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Data not available.
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: The method 3) For countries which do not have any detailed information on working hours has been used to convert head counts into FTE data.
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
- “Annual report S (MZ SR) 1 – 01 on network of health care providers” for data up to 2008.
- “Report on network of health care providers” since 2009.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data are available for FTE hospital employment in Hospitals - HP1 (according to the recommendations and definitions following the SHA version 1.0.) in the territory of the Slovak Republic (i.e. general hospitals, specialty hospitals, sanatoriums - i.e. hospitals providing long-term care for chronically ill and hospitals providing rehabilitation and related services to physically challenged or disabled people).
- There are no data available for head count.
Break in time series:
- 2009: Data source changed from “Annual report S (MZ SR) 1 – 01 on network of health care providers” for years 2008 and earlier to “Report on network of health care providers”.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia, National Health Care Providers Database. With this database, data on hours worked (FTE) and jobs (number of contracts) were not available.
Reference period: 31st December.
Spain
Source of data:
- Up to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care (ESCRI). http://www.msssi.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/estHospiInternado/inforAnual/homeESCRI.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- All public and private hospitals in Spain are included.
- Number of physicians employed by hospital: doctors in training (interns and resident) are included.
- FTE data are not available.
Sweden
Data not available.
Switzerland
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; hospital statistics; yearly census.
Coverage: There are a large number of self-employed physicians working in hospitals without being employed, leading to a severe underestimation of medical attendance in hospitals.
Estimation method: Until 2009, the hospital employment estimate was made with data on professions from 75% of hospitals.
Break in time series: Since 2010, hospital statistics have been revised; no estimation needed.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health –Skopje. Report for hospitals (3-21-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Break in time series:
- 2007: Methodological change in inclusion and exclusion criteria was introduced in line with EUROSTAT in 2007.
Turkey
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- Physicians in the MoH, universities, and the private sector are included.
- Physicians acting as managers in the MoH, University and private sector are included.
- For 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2012, other sectors (other public establishments and local administrations) are included. MoND-affiliated facilities are not included until 2011.
Break in time series:
- MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Turkmenistan
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health. Reporting form 20 "Report of health care institutions” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.