• Nurses licensed to practice, per 100 000 population (Line chart)
  • Nurses licensed to practice, per 100 000 (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Nurses licensed to practice, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: nurs.lic.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Nurses licensed to practice, total number".

A nurse licensed to practice has completed a programme of nursing education and is qualified and authorised in his/her country to practice nursing. They include practising and other (non-practising) nurses.
- Professional nurses (see definition below)
- Associate professional nurses (see definition below)
- Nurses who provide services directly to patients
- Nurses for whom their nursing education is a prerequisite for the execution of the job
- Nurses for whom their nursing education is NOT a prerequisite for the execution of the job
- Nurses licensed to practice but who due to various reasons are not economically active (e.g. unemployed or retired)
- Nurses working abroad
- Health care assistants and personal care workers (nursing aids), who do not have any recognised qualification/certification in nursing

Professional nurses assume responsibility for the planning and management of the care of patients, including the supervision of other health care workers, working autonomously or in teams with medical doctors and others in the practical application of preventive and curative measures.
- Clinical nurse
- District nurse
- Nurse anaesthetist
- Nurse educator
- Nurse practitioner
- Public health nurse
- Specialist nurse
- Midwife (unless they work most of the time as nurses)
- Paramedical practitioner
- University lecturer
- Vocational education teacher
- Associate professional nurse
- Associate professional midwife
- Nursing aide

Associate professional nurses generally work under the supervision of, and in support of implementation of health care, treatment and referrals plans established by medical, nursing and other health professionals.
- Assistant nurse
- Enrolled nurse
- Practical nurse
- Professional nurse
- Clinical nurse consultant
- Specialist nurse
- Midwife (unless they work most of the time as nurses)
- Associate professional midwife
- Nursing aide
- Medical assistant
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country/Area notes
Data not available.
No data available.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Note: Data not available.
Source of data: Service Public Federal Sante publique, securite de la chaine alimentaire et environnement (Federal Public Service (FPS) Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment), DG2 - Soins de sante primaire et gestion de crises (Directorate-General for Primary Health Care and Crisis Management). Cellule Planification des professionnels de sante ("Planning of Health Professionals" unit). Base de donnees federale des professionnels de soins de sante (Federal database of health care professionals).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data cover all nurses licensed to practice.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Data not available.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Source of data: National Centre of Nursing and Other Health Professions; Register of health care workers competent to pursue a health care profession without professional supervision.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data refer to nurses competent to pursue a health care profession without professional supervision (number of registered persons with valid registration).
- Data comprise non-practising nurses and nurses working outside health care system also, unlike data on practising nurses.
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Nurses whose status in the Central Personnel Register is active (not dead) or, if abroad, below the age of 70 years old.
Source of data: Registry of Health Care Professionals, Health Care Board.
Reference period: January of the following year.
- The number of licensed nurses refers to overall potential, not persons by the last obtained specialty.
- For years 2002-2004 deviation in coverage: partial data only. According to the new Health Services Organisation Act all nurses had to be re-registered by the beginning of 2005. The numbers for 2002-2004 reflect the registration status, not the actual number of persons entitled to practice.
Source of data: VALVIRA. National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health. Register on Qualified Health Care Personnel, number of persons aged less than official retirement age (58-63 years) with qualification on 31 December. Including public health nurses.
Reference period: 31st December.
Data not available.
Data not available. Health statistics do not contain such data.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Source of data: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures, Basic register.
Reference period: 31st December.
Source of data: Directorate of Health - Register of professional nurses.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Includes all professional nurses with a license (all ages regardless of employment status, employment location (inside or outside of the country) or nationality).
- Excludes associate professional nurses.
Source of data: An Bord Altranais (Nursing Board).
Reference period: 31st December.
- Information provided is the total number of active registered nurses on the Board's register on 31st December each year. This does not necessarily mean that each nurse is active in the field of nursing.
- Data include midwives. It is not possible to distinguish between nurses and midwives as virtually all registered midwives also hold registered nursing qualifications.
Source of data: The data are based on the Nurses License Registry maintained by the Nursing Division and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health, for which the demographic information is periodically updated from the Population Registry at the Ministry of Interior.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Data are for all licensed nurses. The number of midwives is not included in the number of nurses.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Source of data: ISTAT provides data produced by IPASVI (National Institute keeping the register of nurses). http://www.ipasvi.it.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data include licensed professional nurses. In the Italian regulatory system, the category “Associate professional nurses” does not exist.
Data not available.
Source of data:
- Since 2005: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
- 2004 and earlier: Medical Professional Education Centre; Register of Health Care Persons.
Reference period: 31 December. Break in series: 2005: Change in data source.
Source of data: Up to 2006: State Health Care Accreditation Agency under the Ministry of Health, Register of licenses, Since 2011: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data is calculated from Compulsory Health Insurance Fund information system (subsystem METAS).
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: The number of nurses licensed to practice includes all nurses having valid license at the end of the year.
Break in time series:
- 2011: Data source change.
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Data not available.
Note: Data not available
Source of data: Data for professionally active and licensed nurses based on BIG register (register of (para)medical professions) and SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register).
Reference period: The last Friday before Christmas.
North Macedonia
Data not available.
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Statistics on health-care personnel. Administrative registers. See http://www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Coverage: The figures provided cover all registered nurses.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Source of data: Ministry of Health. Register of nurses and midwives of the Main Polish Chamber of Nurses and Midwives.
Reference period: 31st December.
Data not available.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign nurses are not included. Feldshers are included.
Source of data: Order of Nurses, Midwives and Medical Assistants in Romania
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The data cover public and private sector.
Russian Federation
Data not available.
San Marino
Data not available.
Source of data:Chamber of Nurses and Health Tehnicians in Serbia. Data as of December 31. http://www.kmszts.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia.
Deviation from the definition: Data on midwives licensed to practice are included.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE), from the Register of Nurses Council. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t15/p416&file=inebase&L=0.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
- The data on professional nurses licensed to practice are taken from the Register of the Nurses Council. The category 'associate professional nurses' (ISCO-08 code 3221) does not exist in Spain.
- Data include solely nurses licensed to practice, not midwives.
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
- Non-retired personnel.
- 100 per cent coverage.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Data not available.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Data not available