• Associate professional nurses, licensed to practice, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
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HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Associate professional nurses, licensed to practice, total number
Indicator code: assocnurs.lic

A associate professional nurse licensed to practice has completed a programme of nursing education and is qualified and authorized in his/her country to practice nursing. They include practising and other (non-practising) nurses.
Inclusion
- Associate professional nurses (see definition below)
- Nurses who provide services directly to patients
- Nurses for whom their nursing education is a prerequisite for the execution of the job
- Nurses for whom their nursing education is NOT a prerequisite for the execution of the job
- Nurses licensed to practice but who due to various reasons are not economically active (e.g. unemployed or retired)
- Nurses working abroad
Exclusion
- Professional nurses
- Health care assistants and personal care workers (nursing aids), who do not have any recognised qualification/certification in nursing

Associate professional nurses generally work under the supervision of, and in support of implementation of health care, treatment and referrals plans established by medical, nursing and other health professionals.
Inclusion
- Assistant nurse
- Enrolled nurse
- Practical nurse
Exclusion
- Professional nurse
- Clinical nurse consultant
- Specialist nurse
- Midwife (unless they work most of the time as associate professional nurses)
- Associate professional midwife
- Nursing aide
- Medical assistant
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes
Albania
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Data not available.
Andorra
Metadata for licensed nurses: NA Metadata for associate professional nurses: NA
Armenia
Metadata for licensed nurses: No data available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: No data available.
Austria
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Hospital Statistics.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Data include associate professional nurses employed in hospitals. 1 year of study is required to qualify as an associate professional nurse.
Deviation from the definition: Self-employed nurses and nurses employed in other institutions than hospitals are not included.
Azerbaijan
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Note:Division on Professional and Associate professional nurses does not exist in the country,
Belarus
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Note: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Note: This category does not exist in the Republic of Belarus.
Belgium
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Service Public Federal Sante publique, securite de la chaine alimentaire et environnement (Federal Public Service (FPS) Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment), DG2 - Soins de sante primaire et gestion de crises (Directorate-General for Primary Health Care and Crisis Management). Cellule Planification des professionnels de sante ("Planning of Health Professionals" unit). Base de donnees federale des professionnels de soins de sante (Federal database of health care professionals).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data cover all nurses licensed to practice. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Data not available.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Metadata for licensed nurses: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska

All nurses are classified as professional nurses. There is no category of associate professional nurse, and the whole time series is set to 0.
Bulgaria
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: The category Associate professional nurse does not exist in Bulgaria. Whole time series has been set to 0.
Croatia
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register,
Reference period: data on December 31
Coverage: public and private health sectors included, private nurses have been included since 1993.
Cyprus
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Data not available.
Czechia
Metadata for licensed nurses: Czech Republic
Source of data: National Centre of Nursing and Other Health Professions; Register of health care workers competent to pursue a health care profession without professional supervision.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to nurses competent to pursue a health care profession without professional supervision (number of registered persons with valid registration).
- Data comprise non-practising nurses and nurses working outside health care system also, unlike data on practising nurses. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Czech Republic Data not available.
Denmark
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Nurses whose status in the Central Personnel Register is active (not dead) or, if abroad, below the age of 70 years old. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Estonia
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Registry of Health Care Professionals, Health Care Board.
Reference period: January of the following year.
Coverage:
- The number of licensed nurses refers to overall potential, not persons by the last obtained specialty.
- For years 2002-2004 deviation in coverage: partial data only. According to the new Health Services Organisation Act all nurses had to be re-registered by the beginning of 2005. The numbers for 2002-2004 reflect the registration status, not the actual number of persons entitled to practice. Metadata for associate professional nurses: The category "associate professional nurses" does not exist in Estonia.
Finland
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: VALVIRA. National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health. Register on Qualified Health Care Personnel, number of persons aged less than official retirement age (58-63 years) with qualification on 31 December. Including public health nurses.
Reference period: 31st December. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: THL Health Personnel Statistics; National Institute for Health and Welfare. The data for 2000 and 2005 onwards are based on the Employment Register kept by Statistics Finland.
Reference period: Data refer to information for the whole year.
Coverage:
- Data include nurses active in health care in Finland.
- The data cover the number of nurses and public health nurses (codes 32311 and 32312 in the Statistics of Finland Classification of Occupations 2001).
France
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES), Sous-Direction de l'Observation de la Sante et de l'Assurance maladie, Bureau des Professions de sante, Repertoire ADELI.
Note: There are no associate professional nurses in France.
Georgia
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Health statistics do not contain such data. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Note: Category “Associate professional nurses” does not exist.
Germany
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Health Care Personnel 2015; special calculation by the Federal Statistical Office, http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data include associate professional nurses with a 1-year education (auxiliary nurses and auxiliary nurses for the elderly).
- Excluded are professional nurses with a 3-year education, emergency medical assistants and midwives.
- From 2000 onwards data from Health Care Personnel have been completely revised. Therefore comparable data before 2000 are not available.
Greece
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.).
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage: Associate nurses working in hospital sector (public and private) and associate nursing personnel working in Public Health Centers.
Hungary
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures, Basic register.
Reference period: 31st December. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Hungarian Central Statistical Office; Report on personnel of health service.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: From 1990: The report was completed according to the 1990 account of the Central Statistical Office "Number of posts and the staff of ancillary workers by activity". Nurses following the definition ISCO 88 (code 323 – general nurses and nursing assistants) are included. Break in series: In 2000, health and social services were separated. Nurses working in social services have not been included in the data since 2000. In the same year a new international methodology was introduced which caused an increase in the number of associate nurses.
Iceland
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Directorate of Health - Register of professional nurses.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Includes all professional nurses with a license (all ages regardless of employment status, employment location (inside or outside of the country) or nationality).
- Excludes associate professional nurses. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Directorate of Health - Association of Icelandic Nurses.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Associate/licensed practical nurses: Three years of education in secondary school (non-university) and 16 weeks of practical training in health institutions.
- As of 2006 a new “associate nurse bridge” programme of 4 semesters of education was offered for health assistants with at least five years working experience as caring assistants. In 2008, 107 (2007:8; 2006:3) graduated from this programme and 115 from the general programme for associate professional nursing. The big increase in the number of associate nurses between 2007 and 2008 is to some extent due to this new programme, as 107 associate nurses graduated from it in 2008 in addition to the 115 graduating from the ordinary programme in 2008. This is also reflected in the fact that The Directorate of Health gave licenses to 188 new associate nurses in 2008. The increase in 2008 may also be explained by a number of associate nurses returning to these jobs from work in different jobs prior to the economic collapse.
Ireland
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: An Bord Altranais (Nursing Board).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Information provided is the total number of active registered nurses on the Board's register on 31st December each year. This does not necessarily mean that each nurse is active in the field of nursing.
- Data include midwives. It is not possible to distinguish between nurses and midwives as virtually all registered midwives also hold registered nursing qualifications. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Associate professional nurses do not feature in the Irish Health Service (Source: HSE, Nursing Services Directorate).
Israel
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: The data are based on the Nurses License Registry maintained by the Nursing Division and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health, for which the demographic information is periodically updated from the Population Registry at the Ministry of Interior.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Data are for all licensed nurses. The number of midwives is not included in the number of nurses.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: The data are based on the Nurses License Registry maintained by the Nursing Division and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health, for which the demographic information is periodically updated from the Population Registry at the Ministry of Interior.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage:
- Data are for all associate nurses. Data refer to practical nurses. The number of midwives is not included in the number of nurses.
- The training of practical nurses in Israel ceased in 2005; since then new licenses are granted only to new immigrants. The training of practical nurses was done in two year nursing courses in professional high schools.
- Practical nurses work under the supervision of a registered nurse. They are employed mainly in geriatrics and psychiatrics and are allowed to give medicines orally and intramuscular injections. They are mainly involved in helping with daily activities, collecting tests, ADL, measuring blood pressure and temperature.
- Skilled auxiliary staff, hospital trained and working under the supervision of registered nurses, is not included in the data.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: ISTAT provides data produced by IPASVI (National Institute keeping the register of nurses). http://www.ipasvi.it.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data include licensed professional nurses. In the Italian regulatory system, the category “Associate professional nurses” does not exist. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Data not applicable: In the Italian regulatory system, the category “Associate professional nurses” does not exist.
Kazakhstan
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Note: Division on Professional and Associate professional midwives does not exist in the country. All nurses are classified as professional nurses.
Kyrgyzstan
Metadata for licensed nurses: NA Metadata for associate professional nurses: NA
Latvia
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data:
- Since 2005: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
- 2004 and earlier: Medical Professional Education Centre; Register of Health Care Persons.
Reference period: 31 December. Break in series: 2005: Change in data source. Metadata for associate professional nurses: All nurses have been classified as Professional nurses. Therefore, value of this time series is 0 for all years.
Lithuania
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Up to 2006: State Health Care Accreditation Agency under the Ministry of Health, Register of licenses, Since 2011: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data is calculated from Compulsory Health Insurance Fund information system (subsystem METAS).
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: The number of nurses licensed to practice includes all nurses having valid license at the end of the year.
Break in time series:
- 2011: Data source change. Metadata for associate professional nurses: There is no such category in Lithuania.
Luxembourg
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Malta
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: The category 'Associate professional nurse' does not exist in Malta.
Monaco
Metadata for licensed nurses: NA Metadata for associate professional nurses: NA
Montenegro
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Note: Data not available Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Note: The category does not exist.
Netherlands
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Data for professionally active and licensed nurses based on BIG register (register of (para)medical professions) and SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register).
Reference period: The last Friday before Christmas. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Social Statistical Database of Statistics Netherlands, BIG register (official register of health care professionals) plus estimates.
Reference period: The last Friday before Christmas.
Coverage:
- Practising nurses are estimated by taking all registered nurses who are economically active in ISIC / NACE 86, 87, 88 or 7820 (working for temporary employment agencies) (85 and 7450 in ISIC 3 or NACE 1) multiplied by a factor (number of nurses in a function as nurse / number of employees with education as a nurse). That factor is derived from the Report Regiomarge on the labour market in Health Care, Social Care and Welfare by Prismant.
- The same report provides the shares of professional and associate professional nurses.
- Associate professional nurse: education at level "4".
North Macedonia
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: The category “Associated professional nurse” does not exist.
Norway
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Statistics on health-care personnel. Administrative registers. See http://www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Coverage: The figures provided cover all registered nurses.
Reference period: 3rd week of November. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Norway has no occupation corresponding to ISCO-08 code: 3221.
Poland
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Ministry of Health. Register of nurses and midwives of the Main Polish Chamber of Nurses and Midwives.
Reference period: 31st December. Metadata for associate professional nurses: The category “Associate professional nurses” does not exist in Poland.
Portugal
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Statistics Portugal and the Council of Nurses.
Note: The category “Associate professional nurses” does not exist in Portugal.
Republic of Moldova
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign nurses are not included. Feldshers are included. Metadata for associate professional nurses: This category does not exist in the country.
Romania
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: Order of Nurses, Midwives and Medical Assistants in Romania
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The data cover public and private sector. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The data cover all sanitary personnel from public and private sector. The data cover all public and private sector. Data from 2007 till 2009 refer to ancillary medical staff. Since 2010 the data refer to nurses. The ancillary medical staff includes: medical assistants, pharmacy assistants, nurses, infant care personnel, sanitary technicians, laboratory assistants, registering clerks, masseur, autopsy assistant and statistician specialized in health statistics, medical physical trainer, ergo therapy trainer and other categories of medical staff with equivalent upper secondary level of education. The data include associated nurses from dentists units and pharmaceutical units. It would be specified that for nurses the level of education is ISCED 3 or 4 and ISCO codes are 3231 and 3232. Number of nurses decreased in 2010 because in the period 2007-2009 data refer to ancillary medical staff (see definition above). Break in the series: 2010.
Russian Federation
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Annual reporting forms ?17 «Information about the medical and pharmaceutical personnel", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Human Resources Office at the Social Security Institute. The category does not exist, whole time series set to 0.
Serbia
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data:Chamber of Nurses and Health Tehnicians in Serbia. Data as of December 31. http://www.kmszts.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia.
Deviation from the definition: Data on midwives licensed to practice are included. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: Data include nurses with ISCED level 3 education.
Slovakia
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: There is no distinction between professional and associate professional nurses in the Slovak Republic. All nurses are considered professional nurses.
Slovenia
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The National Health Care Providers Database is a registry with total (100 %) coverage of health workers.
Spain
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE), from the Register of Nurses Council. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t15/p416&file=inebase&L=0.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage:
- The data on professional nurses licensed to practice are taken from the Register of the Nurses Council. The category 'associate professional nurses' (ISCO-08 code 3221) does not exist in Spain.
- Data include solely nurses licensed to practice, not midwives. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE), based on the Economically Active Population Survey. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t22/e308_mnu&file=inebase&N=&L=0.
Coverage: A significant revision of the numbers of nurses in previous years has been made in 2010 due to a clarification of definitions. The Spanish Working Group for the adaptation of ISCO-08 to our own classifications (CNO-11) determined that Spanish health professionals fit as follows:
a) The category 'associate professional nurses' (ISCO-08 code 3221) does not exist in Spain, so these series have been completely corrected.
b) The nursing aides working in Spain correspond entirely to the group 5 of the ISCO classification (ISCO-08 codes - 5321, 5322) based on the tasks and functions they perform. Therefore, based on these criteria, the series for practising nurses, professionally active nurses, associate professional nurses and caring personnel have been updated in 2010 for the period 1995-2008.
Sweden
Metadata for licensed nurses:
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- Non-retired personnel.
- 100 per cent coverage. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Data not available.
Switzerland
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; hospital statistics, statistics of medical-social institutions, community nursing statistics; yearly census.
Coverage: Full surveys on employment in hospitals, nursing homes and community nursing home services. The ambulatory health care sector is not yet covered.
Estimation method: Until 2009, estimations were made with data on professions from 75% of hospitals. Hospitals giving valid information on professions are reasonably assumed to be representative of the whole category (university hospitals, acute hospitals, psychiatric hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals, and other specialised hospitals).
Break in time series: Since 2010, hospital statistics have been revised; no estimation needed.
Tajikistan
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: NA
Turkey
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: Nurses in Turkey are not employed and do not practice as “associate professional nurses”.
Turkmenistan
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Note: division on Professional nurses and Associate professional nurses does not exist in Turkmenistan. All nurses have been classified as professional nurses and the time series for associate professional nurses is set to 0.
Ukraine
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses: The category does not exist. There is no division of nurses in Ukraine on professional and associate professional nurses.
United Kingdom
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available. Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Source of data:
- England: Health & Social Care Information Centre: http://www.hscic.gov.uk.
- Northern Ireland: Department for Health, Social Services and Public Safety: http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/index/stats_research.
- Scotland: Information Services Division, Scottish Workforce Information Standard System.
Coverage:
- Does not include private sector.
- Data have been provided by England, Scotland and Northern Ireland only. Estimates have been included for Wales (Wales is unable to supply data for this definition).
- Northern Ireland: Includes nurse support staff (Band 1-4), i.e. nursing auxiliary type roles. There are no national minimum qualifications for nurse support staff, but some will have a National Vocational Qualification.
- Scotland: From 2007 onwards, data include nursing staff with Agenda for Change bands 1-4. For 2000 to 2006 (pre Agenda for Change), associate professional nurses are defined as unregistered nurses. Data excludes bank and agency staff.
Break in time series:
- England: The decrease in the number of associate professional nurses from 2011 is due to bank staff not being counted in England in 2011 as this collection has stopped.
- Scotland: In 2014, figures for nurses have been added from 2000 to 2006. The methodology differs from the later years, since 2000-2006 figures are for employment rather than true headcount, and may double count nurses holding more than one post.
Note:
- From 2007 onwards, the sum of professional nurses and associate professional nurses is slightly different from the total number of nurses. This is due to double counting. Professional nurses are categorised as AfC Bands 5-9 and Associate professional nurses AfC Bands 1-4, and it is possible for someone to work two positions on different bands.
Uzbekistan
Metadata for licensed nurses: Data not available Metadata for associate professional nurses:
Note: there is no division of nurses on Professional and Associate professional in the country.