• Medical doctors not further defined, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 4378

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Medical doctors not further defined, total number
Indicator code: ph_spec.notDefined
Inclusion
- Medical practitioners who cannot be classified in the other categories
- Medical interns or residents who cannot be classified in the other categories
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes
Armenia
The category does not exist.
Austria
Source of data: Osterreichische Arztekammer - Vollerhebung / Austrian Medical Chamber - total of members.
Reference period: December/January (reference day varies).
Coverage:
- As there are no data available for Physicians in training ("Turnusarzte") by specialty, they are included in “Medical doctors not further defined”.
Deviation from definition:
- Medical interns/residents cannot be separated by specialisation or progress of training.
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/. Data source in 2007-09 was not the state statistical reporting, and the actual number of graduates, aimed at an internship in a particular specialty.
Reporting period: 31 December.
Break in time series: 2010. There was no formal separation of the profiles of medical specialties until 2009, so over the years some of the categories of medical specialists could belong to different categories. Thus reliable data on the number of specialties assigned to a specific group of doctors cannot be provided by the National Statistical Committee. In 2010, the Ministry of Health approved the profiles of medical specialties and related positions of medical specialists.
Deviation from the definition: Data on foreign doctors are not included because this information is not available.
Belgium
Source of data: Institut National d'Assurance Maladie Invalidite. “Rapport Annuel”.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals of foreign origin.
- Number of physicians with at least 1 patient contact.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FBiH - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&H Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Bulgaria
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: All physicians have been classified into more specific categories and value for this time series is set to 0.
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Cyprus
There is no medical doctor not further defined.
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Registry of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Assessment medicine, Epidemiology, General and communal hygiene, Hygiene and epidemiology, Hygiene of children and youth, Nutrition hygiene, Clinical biochemistry, Clinical pharmacology, Public health care, Maxillo-facial surgery, all other specialties.
Break in time series:
- A new legislation on medical professions came into effect in 2004.
- From 2011 onwards, community medicine (including hygiene, epidemiology and assessment medicine) is included in the "medical group of specialists".
Denmark
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Break in time series: 1994. Up to 1993, GPs are included in 'other categories' as this category was not categorised as a specialty in Denmark.
Estonia
Source of data: Annual reports, National Institute for Health Development.
Reference period:
- 1980-2012: 31st of December.
- Since 2013: November.
Coverage:
- The category “Medical doctors not further defined” refers to practising physicians.
- Medical staff working in research or other areas is not included. The military area has been included since 2010.
- The data are estimated in 2002-2004 because general practitioners were combined with “physicians in training.” (General practitioners and physicians in training were not distinguished.)
Break in time series: 2005 and 2013.
- Until 2004, the number of practising physicians was based on their last or main educational qualification.
- From 2005, the head count distribution is made according to their main occupational activity.
- Since 2013 all physicians in training are classified in the other categories.
Finland
1) Until 2009
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Register of the Finnish Medical Association which is updated by a yearly survey covering all physicians licensed to practice in Finland who are not retired.
Reference period: Mid-March.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to 'professionally active' physicians.
Coverage: Includes the physicians not elsewhere classified. Includes the physicians not specialised or currently specialising physicians who are not working in primary care. 2) 2010
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Data from a survey: "Physicians’ Working Conditions and Health” 2010 survey.
Reference period: End of year.
Coverage: Survey for 7,000 physicians, response rate 54%. The data were weighted according to sex, age group and specialisation to represent all physicians under 70 years old who are licensed to practice and living in Finland. These data concern professionally active physicians under 65 years old. Specialist physicians are classified according to their last specialty. Unspecialised physicians not working in primary care and physicians currently specialising are classified as “Medical doctors not further defined”.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians. 3) 2011
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Data from a survey: "Finnish Medical Association Labour Market Survey 2012”.
Reference period: March 2012.
Coverage: The survey population consisted of physicians aged under 70, resident in Finland and having a registered e-mail address in the Finnish Medical Association’s register. The survey was carried out electronically in March 2012. An e-mail invitation was sent to 18701 physicians. A total of 5660 physicians responded. The data were weighted according to sex, age group and specialisation to represent all physicians under 70 years old who are licensed to practice and living in Finland. These data concern professionally active physicians under 65 years old. All physicians working in primary care are classified as GP’s regardless of their specialty. The remaining specialist physicians are classified according to their last specialty. The unspecialised physicians not working in primary care and the physicians currently specialising are classified as “Medical doctors not further defined”.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians. 4) 2012
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Data from a survey: "Finnish Medical Association Labour Market Survey 2013”.
Reference period: March 2013.
Coverage: The survey population consisted of physicians aged under 70 years old, resident in Finland and having a registered e-mail address in the Finnish Medical Association’s register. The survey was carried out electronically in March 2013. An e-mail invitation was sent to 19 212 physicians. A total of 5 076 physicians responded. The data were weighted according to sex, age group and specialisation to represent all physicians under 70 years old who are licensed to practice and living in Finland. These data concern professionally active physicians under 65 years old. All physicians working in primary care are classified as GP’s regardless of their specialty. The remaining specialist physicians are classified according to their last specialty. The unspecialised physicians not working in primary care and the physicians currently specialising are classified as “Medical doctors not further defined”.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians.
France
Data not applicable.
Georgia
Note: Category “Medical doctors not further defined” does not exist.
Germany

Data are available separately for the categories “Generalist medical practitioners” and “Specialist medical practitioners” (and for all sub-categories), hence there are no “Medical doctors not further defined”.
Greece
Source of data: Hygiene Divisions and Sections attached to prefectures, Athens Medical Association and Pireas Medical Association. Annual Doctors and Dentists survey, http://www.statistics.gr/portal/page/portal/ESYE/PAGE-themes?p_param=A2103.
Reference period: 31st December.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians. Unemployed physicians are included.
Hungary
Source of data: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- The Office of Health Authorisation and Administrative Procedures (EEKH) provided data according to the dominant specialisation practiced during medical work.
Iceland
Source of data: The Directorate of Health, The Register of Physicians.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count.
- Includes those physicians who are 70 years old or younger with permanent residence and registered domicile in Iceland (Icelanders or foreigners).
- Excludes retired professionals and professionals working abroad.
- May include a very small number of non-practicing physicians.
- Physicians without a specialisation are included in "Medical doctors not further defined”.
Ireland
All physicians have already been allocated to their specialty.
Israel
Data not applicable.
Italy
Data not applicable.
Kazakhstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
Reference period: 31 December
Coverage: All physicians have been classified into more specific categories; therefore 0 is entered for the whole time series since 2005.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments. Report “Health Statistics of Lithuania”, available from http://sic.hi.lt/html/en/hsl.htm. Predominant area of practice is used as criterion to classify physicians by categories.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Up to 2010 data includes all residents as they cannot be classified by specialties. Since 2011 residents are included in respective category of physicians.
Break in time series:
- 2011: Since year 2011, interns and residents are included in the respective category of physicians by specialities. In year 2010 and earlier, interns and residents were included in the category Medical doctors not further defined.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals. Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Practising physicians.
Malta
All physicians and interns who are not registered under any speciality are reported with ‘Other generalists (non-specialist) medical practitioners’. Although it’s not possible to verify if all these physicians are actually working as generalists medical practitioners, in Malta all licensed physicians can practice as such even if they are not listed in the speciality of General/Family Practice. Data includes physicians not registered under any speciality since these physicians cannot be classified elsewhere, that is, their area of practice cannot be identified, Break in Series: Data on physicians from 2011 onwards had been updated by the Medical Council and more accurate figures have been provided.
Montenegro
Note: There are no doctors belonging to this category. All physicians have been categorized to other, more specific categories.
Netherlands
Source of data:
- 1998: The BIG register (register installed by the Individual Health Care Professions Act), annual report (primary source: KNMG, Medisch Specialisten Registratie Commissie - Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Medicine, Medical Specialists Registration Commission).
- From 1999 onwards: Data for professionally active and licensed physicians based on BIG register (register of (para)medical professions) and SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register). Doctors in training: RGS (Registratiecommissie Geneeskundig Specialisten: Registration committee medical specialists). Until 2009: KNMG (Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Medicine).
Coverage: Since 1999, all physicians have been allocated to their specialty.
North Macedonia
There is no doctors not further defined. All physicians have been categorized into more specific specialities.
Norway
Source of data:
- From 2002: Statistics Norway; Register-based statistics on employment of health-care personnel. See http://www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Break in time series: 2009.
- Up to 2008, data include all personnel within HP1-HP3. From 2009, because of national registration and quality, it is also chosen to include physicians in HP4.
Poland
No data. All physicians were classified to more specific categories of physicians.
Portugal
Data not applicable.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign physicians are not included. Interns and residents are not included.
Romania
Source of data: Ministry of Health for the period 1994, 2002, 2004, provided the medical specialist in its network. National Institute of Statistics since 2005, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: All professionally active physicians not elsewhere classified, from public (before 1995) and private sector (since 1995), excluding resident medical training in surgical group of specialties. For 2002, 2004 and 2005 data include physicians from the network of other ministries and resident medical physicians in different medical specialties. Doctors from the network of other ministries (other than Ministry of Health) were included in "other categories not elsewhere classified" for the period 1986-2004. Until 2004, the Ministry of Health was the data source for medical specialties. In the column "Medical doctors not further defined" was registered number of physicians (which can not be assigned into a specialty), calculated as difference to the total. Break in the series:
- 2005 because were included also data from private sector and other public network
Russian Federation
All physicians are included in the eight earlier mentioned subcategories.
San Marino
Data not available.
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center. Data are provided by the Register of Health Professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- The category of “other categories n.e.c.” includes practising physicians whose main area of practice is in occupational medicine, forensic medicine, epidemiology, clinical pharmacology, radiopharmaceutical technology, galenical pharmacy, pharmaceutical control and drugs quality assurance, clinical pharmacy, laboratory medicine, osteodensitometry, clinical occupational medicine and clinical toxicology, and other specialties, etc. in accordance with the definition.
- Data are available only for the year 2007. The new Register of Health Professionals was introduced in 2007. This register is not updated every year; therefore data are available for 2007 only. Moreover, past data are not available because of a different data processing system.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The National Health Care Providers Database is a registry with total (100 %) coverage of health workers. Includes the following medical specialities: Orthodontics, Child and preventive dentistry, Dental prosthetics, Endodontics, Parodontology.
Spain
Data not available.
Sweden
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare. National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- Data include physicians in training.
- 100 per cent coverage.
Switzerland
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; Swiss Medical Association (FMH), Bern; medical statistics of physicians; yearly census.
Deviation from the definition: Interns and residents are not included.
Coverage: Since 2008 the data refer to practising physicians.
Note: No data on physicians in training by categories are available. Therefore, physicians in training are included in “Medical doctors not further defined”. Good global estimates of physicians completing their postgraduate medical education (resident medical officers) in training and specialising to become recognised GPs or specialists from the FMH (Swiss Medical Association) are 6913 physicians in 2008 and 6421 in 2009.
Tajikistan
Data not available.
Turkey
Data not applicable.
Turkmenistan
All physicians have been categorized into either generalists or specialists., the whole time series has been set to 0.
Ukraine
There are no doctors belonging to this category.
United Kingdom
Data not applicable.