• Mammographs, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Mammographs, total number
Indicator code: medTech.mamograph.total

Number of dedicated mammography machines (those designed exclusively for taking mammograms). The code is CIM-9 87.37.
Country/Area notes
No data available.
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health & Gesundheit Osterreich GmbH, Austrian Breast Cancer Screening Program.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of mammographs is the number of screening units; that means it includes at least one machine per screening unit utilized within the Austrian Breast Cancer Screening Program (which started in January 2014). These units have a particular certificate attesting the qualification for screening. Although the majority of mammographs are certified for the Breast Cancer Screening Program it has to be assumed, that some more machines are used outside of the framework of the Screening Program (e.g. for a second mammography in hospital after ambulant mammography).
Data not available.
Source of data: National Research Center for Medical Technology, Information, Management and Economics of Health, Ministry of Health. Questionnaires original research "Information on medical devices and life is put into operation in health care organizations."
Coverage: Data provided only for healthcare organizations under the Ministry of Health.
Source of data: Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (FANC).
- Data on high-tech equipment in cabinets of ambulatory care providers are not available.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Data not available.
Source of data: National Centre for Public Health and Analyses at the Ministry of Health Due to structural transformations in the health care system in 2011 the National Centre for Health Information was transform into National Centre for Public Health and Analyses
Reference period: 31st of December
Coverage: The study is with annual periodicity. All types of health establishments except hospices are included.
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Medical Equipment Database
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data includes CT mammographs in all public and private hospitals and other health care providers in Croatia, except prison hospital.
Source of data: Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, Department of Labour Inspection, Radiation Inspections and Control Service.
Reference period: 31st December.
Estimation method:
- As regards years 2000-2004 the numbers are not actual, they have been estimated from the Department of Labour Inspection.
- Number of mammography equipment refers to number of dedicated mammography equipment (those designed exclusively for taking mammograms). The code is: CIM-9 87.37.
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Survey on medical apparatus in health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Until 1999, only establishments of health sector covered. From the year 2000, data cover all sectors.
- Data under HP.1 encompass all bed care health establishments and HP.3 all other health establishments.
Break in time series: 2000.
Source of data: National Institute of Radiation Protection.
Reference period: 31st of December.
Source of data: National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics since 2008. Validity of the source:
- Valid since 2013.
- Data on equipment were not collected routinely before 2013. Since 2013 data have been included in the annual reports of health care providers.
Reference period: 31st of December.
- All providers. Since 2013 data have been included in the annual reports (“Health Care Provider”).
- Devices rented from foreign firms are excluded, although the service is provided by Estonian health care providers.
- Data are collected from hospitals and ambulatory care providers. Due to the changes in the HP coding in 2014 according to the SHA2011 some providers, previously classified under HP3, were classified under HP4. To avoid data loss since 2014 also HP4 providers are included under category “ambulatory care”.
Source of data: Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority Finland.
Coverage: All hospitals.
Data not available.
Source: Data are based on annual statistical reports from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Data not available.
Source of data: Healthcare Technology Consultation Centre.
Coverage: The number of mammographs (657 in 2013) consists of 158 FFDM systems and 499 Conventional mammography systems in hospitals and ambulatory sector.
Source of data:
- Until 2007: Hungarian National Institute for Hospital and Medical Engineering (ORKI).
- From 2008: Healthcare Quality Improvement and Hospital Engineering (EMKI) (http://www.emki.hu/).
Reference period: 31st December.
- Equipment used in military hospitals (belonging to the Ministry of Defence) and the health institutes of the Hungarian State Railways are not included.
- The number contains only those units which are owned by health care institutions under contract with the National Insurance Fund (OEP).
Source of data: Icelandic Radiation Safety Authority.
Reference period: 31st December.
Source of data: Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland.
Reference period: End of each calendar year.
- All figures are taken from the RPII's licensing database and were calculated at the end of each calendar year. Figures reflect the number of machines licensed by the RPII in Ireland. Under the licensing system used, the RPII assigns purposes to each item of equipment which indicates the clinical use of that item e.g. mammography, fluoroscopy, CT etc. This designation is based upon data supplied from equipment users. Therefore, the figures reflect how they describe the equipment.
Data not available.
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
- Data on DSA, PET and mammography units were available for the first time in 2007.
- Available equipment both in hospital and territorial facilities is counted. Territory private facilities not accredited by the National Health Service are not covered. However, data on equipment in hospitals refer to both public and private hospitals, including private hospitals not accredited by the National Health Service.
Data not available.
Data not available.
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Statistical Report no.49 "About Diagnostic Radiology".
Reference period: 31 December.
Source of data: Radiation Protection Centre.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of licensed equipment. Since 2007 – the number of functioning equipment. Break in series: 2007.
Source of data: Direction de la Sante, Service de Radioprotection.
Coverage: Includes all equipment in use.
Source of data:
- Aggregated data from Individual Institutions, Directorate of Institutional Health, Ministry of Health, the Elderly and Community Care and Occupational Health and Safety Authority (OHSA)
- For data from 2008 onwards the data sources are the Occupational Health & Safety Authority (OHSA) and Individual Institutions
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: The number of Mammographs decreased in 2011 due to the termination of one privately owned hospital 2013: A small private hospital was previously being considered as part of the ambulatory sector. This small private hospital is now being included under the hospital sector since it is licensed for overnight stays. Break in Series: 2013: The number of Mammographs decreased since non-operational Mammographs have been removed from the figures.
Data not available.
Source of data: One-time survey.
Data not available.
Source of data: Ministry of Health:
- MZ-12 - report on activity and workers in outpatient specialised health care. Data as at 31st December.
- MZ-29 - report on activity of general hospital. Data as at 31st December.
- Registers of authorisations given on activating and using the x-ray machines for medical diagnostics, interventional radiology, surface radiotherapy, radiotherapy of non-cancer diseases and on activating rooms using such devices. These registers are conducted by the provincial sanitary inspectors (16 units) and once a year by the report MZ-52 – “the report on radiation hygiene”. Data are delivered once a year to Chief Sanitary Inspector. Ministry of Interior:
- MSW-33 Report on nursing and residential care facilities. Data are collected on an annual basis. Data as at 31st December.
Source of data:
- For all sectors (inpatient and outpatient facilities): Ministry of Health - Survey of High-tech Facilities.
- Data include the total installed equipment.
Republic of Moldova
Data not available.
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: All hospitals and ambulatory care units from public sector. The indicator for mammographs was included in data collection starting with 2008.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?30 «Information about medical organization", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Source: Health Authority.
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, Register of medical equipment of national interest. http://www.batut.org.rs/ Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Medical technologies available regardless of frequency of use.
- Data for Mammographs up to the year 2003 are inconsistent, and their numbers were not submitted.
Source of data: Slovenian Radiation Protection Administration, registry of radiation sources in medicine and veterinary medicine.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Refers to all institutions in Slovenia.
Source of data:
- 2003 and 2004: Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda – Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo. Figures from “Informe del Grupo de Trabajo del Gasto Sanitario Publico 2005”. http://www.msc.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/sisInfSanSNS/pdf/IGTGS2005.pdf.
- From 2006 to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from National Catalogue of Hospitals (several issues). http://www.msc.es/ciudadanos/prestaciones/centrosServiciosSNS/hospitales/home.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: 31st December.
- Until 2009, data relate only to devices available in hospitals; they do not include equipment in other health care facilities.
- Since 2010, data are available for equipment in hospitals and ambulatory sector.
Break in time series: 2006, 2010.
- Change in data source.
- Information about medical technology and diagnostic activity for centers HP.3 included since 2010.
Data not available.
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel.
Coverage: Full administrative data from the Federal Office of Public Health, Bern, Division of Radiological Protection.
Estimation method: Time series are not complete. Some data are available at irregular dates. To estimate data with consistent time periods, interpolation is therefore operated on punctual data from permanent administrative registers.
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Ministry of health.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data include only equipment from publicly owned hospitals and ambulatory sector, private sector is excluded.
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
- Data cover the number of devices in the MoH, university hospitals and private hospitals in addition to those used by outsourcing in Turkey.
Note: The strong increase in 2012 is mainly due to improvements in data reporting and not to a real increase in the capacity.
Data Source: Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, the state statistical reporting forms for registration of personnel agencies and healthcare enterprises.
Reporting period: December 31st.
Coverage: Data provided by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, without the
Inclusion of data from other ministries and departments.
Break in time series:
- 2013: significant increase in number of available mammographs, mostly in rural areas, through the programme “Village”.
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 20 “report of a health care facility” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health care facilities reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
Note: current reporting does not allow disaggregation of the data by hospital and ambulatory sector.
United Kingdom
Source of data: NHS Cancer Screening Programme taken from the NCCPM equipment reports. No source available from 2012 onwards.
Reference period: Data are for the year ending October until 2001, year ending November in 2002 and 2003, year ending December in 2004, year ending June in 2005, year ending September in 2006-2009, and year ending October in 2010.
- Mammography sets in use in the NHS Screening Programme. They cannot be used for anything other than mammography, but could be used for either screening mammography or for investigation of symptoms. There are other machines used only for investigations of symptoms, but their number is not known. Does not include those machines used for private mammography.
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include facilities functioning within the system of the Ministry of Health only.