Indicator full name: Congenital anomalies per 100 000 live births
Unit: number per 100 000 live births
- Country/Area (COUNTRY/AREA)
- Supranational group of countries (COUNTRY_GRP)
- Sex (SEX)
- Year of measure (YEAR)
Years data is available: 1970—2022
Last updated: 04 October 2023
The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
Indicator code: E040800.T This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator \"Number of births with congenital anomalies\".
Congenital malformations diagnosed within first year of life. ICD-9: Chapter XIV. ICD-10: chapter XVII.
Whenever possible, cases ending with late foetal death and abortion should be included. Multiple malformations should be counted as one case.
It is recognised that national diagnostic, registration and statistical reporting practices vary significantly, therefore the international comparability of these data is limited._
Data collected annually, reference period: 31 December.
information on morbidity of children age 0-15 was available.
Antwerp (1989-2009). Remark: The number was calculated by applying an average of the prevalences
(by 1000 births) of both registries to the total number of births in the country. It is currently
however unclear to what extent the regions of Hainaut, Namur and Antwerp are representative for the
rest of Belgium.
of Public Health
Breaks in time series: 1994 (increase of the number of observed congenital malformations), 2000
(another information source was added)
Annual reporting, maternity hospital data (aged 0-6 days). Cases ending with late foetal death and
abortion are not included.
Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.2.1.
Deviation of definition: The data includes the number of infants treated as in-patients due to
abnormalities in the month of birth (ICD-Pos. Q00-Q99 Congenital malformations, deformations and
chromosomal abnormalities). Infants repeatedly treated as in-patients in the month of birth due to a
congenital malformation in hospital, will also be counted several times.
Health, and are registered at birth or until the baby is discharged from hospital. The list was
changed and the data were updated from 1999.
Source: Until 1999, Central Bureau of Statistics. Since 1999, Health Information Division, Ministry
Coverage in 2003: 84% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges. In 2004:
86% of the deliveries recorded in the National Database of Hospital Discharges. Coverage in 2005:
92% of deliveries recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in
2006: 92.9% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year.
Coverage in 2007: 93.0% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the
same year. Coverage in 2008: 96.6% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital
Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2009: 98.2% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of
Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2010: 98,8% of deliveries, recorded in National
Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2011: 98.8% of deliveries, recorded in
National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2012: 99.9% of deliveries,
recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2013: 100.3% of
deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. The number of
live births registered in the Delivery Certificates Database in 2013 is: 510.659.
from 2000: Newborns Register (total live births Q00-Q99) and Death Causes Database (stillbirths
Q00-Q99). Abortions are not included.
Coverage: Newborns with congenital anomalies.
Note: increase in year 2014 confirmed, cause is not known.
Information and Research (Malta National Congenital Anomalies Register)
In 1996 around 86% of the newborns were registered in PRN. In 2009 this percentage was 95%. The
numbers concern deliveries after a gestational age of 22 weeks or more.
This registration only includes congenital anomalies noticed within the first period after birth:
until a week after birth or diagnosed during a hospital admission that started within 28 days after
Source of data: Until 1998 data source was gynaecological/birth departments. Since 1999 data from
paediatric departments are also included.
Note: From year 2013, the number of births with congenital anomalies is reported (by GP) for
children between 0 and 4 years.
congenital malformations diagnosed after birth and before discharge of newborn from the maternity
Note: In year 2012, reporting obligations for congenital anomalies and Down syndrome reporting were
extended to child and adolescent paediatricians. In year 2011 and earlier only neonatologists were
required to report those conditions.
Selection of data - residents, respectively patients with permanent address in Slovakia (including
the homeless, residents without registration of permanent address, foreigners with permanent
address in Slovakia. In 1994 ICD-10 classification was implemented.
Coverage: number of hospital discharges within first year of life encoded as ICD-9 Chapter XIV
Swedish Medical Birth and Malformation Register only registers severe congenital anomalies.
diagnosis. Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; Medical Statistics of
Hospitals; yearly census.
Coverage: Full coverage of hospitals; sufficient (nearly full) coverage of inpatient and day cases
since 2002. Due to a modification of the legislation, day cases are not collected in 2009 anymore.
Estimation method: Discharges without a valid ICD-code are not accounted for (negligible).
Break in time series: The gradual change of diagnosis classification since 2008 from ICD-10 WHO to
ICD-10 GM (German Modification) may lead to breaks for some categories.
women in labour and puerperant?, 14 ?Report on hospital activity?, 096/y ?Journal of labour? and
102/y ?Journal of newborns? registration?.
Source: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health.
Scotland - NHS National Services Scotland, Information Services Division (ISD). : Calendar year
from Scottish Stillbirth & Infant Death Survey. ISD has been modifying the way that record linkage
is performed and has recently implemented a technique which relies more heavily on the use of
Community Health Index (CHI) numbers and less heavily on the previous approach of probability
matching. Inevitably, this has changed the number of individuals identified with various conditions.
There has, therefore, been some revision of the congenital anomaly numbers reported from 2007
Coverage: Data prior to 2000 refer to England and Wales only. Data from 2000 refers to Great Britain
Scotland - 2011 data are no longer available
2009 onwards ? Data is no longer available as ONS is no longer producing the source publication.