Indicator full name: % of all live births to mothers aged under 20 years
- Country (COUNTRY)
- Supranational group of countries (COUNTRY_GRP)
- Sex (SEX)
- Year of measure (YEAR)
Years data is available: 1970—2020
Last updated: 03 December 2021
- WHO European Region
- Members of the European Union
- Members of the EU before May 2004 (EU15)
- Members of the EU after May 2004 (EU13)
- Commonwealth of Independent States
- Central Asian Republics Information Network members (CARINFONET)
- South-eastern Europe Health Network members (SEEHN)
- Nordic countries
- Small countries
The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
The WHO Europe Child and Adolescent Health Database (CAHD) provides a set of statistics based on indicators related to the health and well-being of children and adolescents. The statistics were collated from a variety of databases as a joint effort between WHO program divisions and collaborating centres and partners. The database was constructed for the purpose of supporting the Child and Adolescent Health and Development Strategy (2015), providing the relevant information for monitoring progress on child and adolescent health indicators in the 53 member states of the WHO European Region.
Indicator code: E280601.T This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator \"Number of live births\".
Live birth is the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which, after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached; each product of such a birth is considered live-born. The number of live births includes all live births during the given calendar year, irrespective of registration of the date of birth. WHO receives for most countries the number of live births as part of the annual reporting of mortality and population data. (For some indicators, data is received as part of the Annual HFA data request, e.g. live birth data by age of mother or live births with birth weight of 1000+g. which is used as a denominator for calculation of perinatal mortality rates)._
based on registration of livebirths in the offices for registration of civil acts.. Data collected
Break in time series: 2005. Starting from 2005 featuses born with weight 500g+ are included in live
birth and stillbirth statistics, after the introduction of the revised version of ICD-10 in the
Note: for indicator 075003 ?Number of live births, 1000+ grams?: the source of the data is National
Health Information Analytic Center, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia www.healthinfo.am,
the data is collected through form 32 ?Report on medical care for pregnant women, women in labour
and puerperant?, comes from maternity wards and includes all live births, irrespectively of the
mother's place of residence.
2011 marks a (slight) break. From January 1, 2011 the definition of the population imposed by
Eurostat was applied; this mainly means the integration of asylum seekers listed in the waiting
registry in our statistics. In addition, births for which the only source of information is the
National Register (mainly births from residents abroad) are now also included.
Statistical Institute of Republic of Srpska; http:// www.rzs.rs.ba
Republic of Croatia if they were not absent from Croatia longer than one year or those who were not
residents but have lived in Croatia one year or more. Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics.
For the indicator 075003 - Number of live births, 1000+ grams:
Source of data: Croatian Institute for Public Health, Database of births in health care
Coverage: Included are only births in health care institutions, irrespective of mother?s place of
Due to differences in the data sources used, it can occur that the number of live births 1000+ grams
is higher than the number of live births (which includes only residents).
Ministry of Interior)
Czech national definition specifies live births :
Till March 2012:
Live born child is defined as child expelled or removed out of the mother?s body, who gives sign of
life (respiration, heartbeat, umbilicus pulsation, active movement of muscles) and whose birth
a) 500+ grams or b) less than 500 grams and survival for 24 hours after birth.
Since April 2012:
Child expelled or removed out of the mother?s body, who gives sign of life. Definition of live birth
doesn?t contain weight limit and gestational age.
Note: In 2006 the sum of male and female live borns is lesser that the total number of live borns do
to 86 registrations with unknown gender.
1970-1991 a different definition of live birth was used: if birth-weight was under 1000 grams and
child died within first week, it was not considered as live birth.
In 2002, in revising the population numbers for the years between the censuses (in 1989 and 2000),
also the data on birth were adjusted. The adjustments were based on the new processing of birth for
the years 1989-1991 and reorganisation of the data of the later years.
Time series have been revised in 2012.
Source for indicator 075003 (live births 1000+grams) is the Medical Birth Register.
Coverage: France metropolitan only.
Data on number of live births, 1000+ grams are not available.
There are two different sources for the indicators number of live births and number of live births
The vital statistics reflects the number of live births registered in the territory of Georgia,
including the live births outside the country but later registered in the country.
The health statistics reflects the number of live births 1000+ gram registered by health facilities
Prior to introduction of the electronic birth and death registration system in year 2011, the vital
statistics sometimes registered lower numbers than health statistics.
1, Reihe 1.1.
http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de
Coverage: The statistics of births are produced from a compulsory complete count. They are based on
reports from the registrar in whose district the birth has taken place. Births of mothers who live
abroad but gave birth to their child in Germany are not included in the statistics of birth.
Break in time series: From reporting year 2014 onwards data on birth weight are no longer collected.
That applies also to indicators:
285601 (Number of all live births to mothers aged under 20 years),
285602 (Number of all live births to mothers aged 35+ years),
075003 (Number of live births with birth-weight of 1000 g and more) and
160401 (% of live births weighing 2500 g or more).
Births with unknown weight are excluded from indicator 075003 - Number of live births, 1000+ grams.
For indicator 075003:Livebirths 1000+g source of data for year 2003 and earlier is Health Division,
Central Bureau of Statistics and since 2004, Health Information Division, Ministry of Health.
Certificates Database. Coverage in 2003: 84% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of
Hospital Discharges. In 2004, 86% of deliveries recorded in National Database of Hospital
Discharges. Coverage in 2005: 92% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital
Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2006: 92.9% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of
Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2007: 93.0% of deliveries, recorded in National
Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2008: 96.0% of deliveries, recorded in
National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2009: 98.2% of deliveries,
recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. The number of live births
registered in the Delivery Certificates Database in 2009 is: 554.738. Coverage in 2010: 98.8% of
deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage in 2011:
98.8% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year. Coverage
in 2012: 99.9% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the same year.
Coverage in 2013: 100.3% of deliveries, recorded in National Database of Hospital Discharges in the
same year. The number of live births registered in the Delivery Certificates Database in 2013 is:
livebirths in the offices for registration of civil acts.
1) In 2008 live birth and stillbirth criteria, recommended by the World Health Organization, were
introduced in the country.
2) For indicator 075003 ?Number of live births, 1000+ grams? the source is
Administrative medical statistics, form 32 ?Report on medical care for pregnant women, women in
labour and puerperant?. The data comes from maternity wards and includes all live births,
irrespectively of the mother's place of residence.
Information Center (data by birth). The data source for the number of live births is National
Statistical Committee (data on registration). Medical Information Center data exceeds the NSC data.
Coverage: The number of live births includes all live births born in the territory of Latvia.
Children born abroad and registered as residents of Latvia are not included.
November 2013: figures of live births for 2001-2011 have been retroactively adjusted using new
methodology of assessing emigration.
075003 - Number of live births, 1000+:
Source: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene (HI HIC), data of annual report of
Coverage: Incl. newborns born in maternity hospitals in Lithuania, excl. small number of births at
home, newborns born outside country.
Luxembourg or abroad. The source of data for indicator 075003:Number of live births, 1000+ grams, is
the Ministry of health and data is ?de facto? and includes all births in Luxembourg, irrespective of
whether or not the person is a resident. Therefore, the number of live births 1000+ grams can be
higher than the total number of live births.
Since 1.7.1994 the standard WHO definitions of live births were introduced. Birth weight criteria is
also at least 500 gr.
Previously, all births were divided into 4 groups: live births, still- births, unable to live with
signs of life, unable to live without signs of life. The criterion for birth weight was at least 601
The NBS develops birth rate statistics based on the statistical bulletins on birth.
Coverage: since 1997, the information is presented without the data for Transnistria and Bender
municipality, but includes some cases of registration of births to mothers who are residents of
Data on the number of live births are available at the NBS: www.statistica.md.
Coverage: from 1998 onwards data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija Province that is under the interim
civilian and military administration of the UN.
A live born is a child showing any sign of life after birth (e.g. breathing and/or heart beat) even
for a very brief period and regardless of mother's pregnancy duration.
of the Republic of Slovenia (PIS RS)
Note: data include all births registered in Maternity hospitals in Slovenia.
www.scb.se (Online Statistical Database, Table: BE0101E2)
Break in time series: From 2010: New definition of the permanent resident population, which also
includes asylum seekers with a total length of stay of at least 12 months.
However the mortality data remain incomplete due to under-reporting. This results in significant
under-estimation of infant mortality rate and other mortality-based indicators.
Method: In 2001, online application of Central Population Management System (MERNIS) has been
launched and with this application birth statistics have been collecting from this database. Since
MERNIS has a dynamic structure, some of birth statistics are being updated regularly. Also before
2009 birth statistics were given by birthplace but after 2009 (incl. 2009) birth statistics have
started to be gathered by mother?s residence place. In 2002-2007, data is from MCHFP (General
Directorate of Mother and Child Health and Family Planning).
There is no data for the indicators: Number of live births to mothers aged under 20 years; Number of
live births to mothers aged over 35 years.
women, women in labour and puerperant?, form 096/y ?Journal of labour? and form 102/y ?Journal of
offices for registration of civil acts (birth certificates for the State Statistics Committee of
Number of live births, 1000+ grams is according to reporting from obstetric hospitals.
Scotland - General Register Office for Scotland - number of live births registered during the
calendar year from registration records
N.Ireland - Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency.
Indicators 285601 and 285602 -
England and Wales - Office for National Statistics VS2PC table.
Scotland - National Records of Scotland;
Northern Ireland - Statistics and research Agency
Coverage: From 1981 figures exclude births in Northern Ireland to non-residents of Northern Ireland.
Note: for indicators 285601 and 285602 for Wales:
Due to data quality, records with maternal age<10 or >54 are not included in the above counts.
Records with no stated maternal age are also excluded.
Data was re-run from 01/04/2001 based on the financial year of birth.
From 1992 figures exclude births in Northern Ireland to non-residents of Northern Ireland
075003 - Number of live births, 1000+ grams:
Data are not available.