• Number of physicians, (full-time equivalent) Number of physicians, (full-time equivalent) (Line chart)
  • Number of physicians, (full-time equivalent) Number of physicians, (full-time equivalent) (Bar chart)
Data set notes
European Health for All database

Indicators: 618
Updated: 20 November 2023

The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
•    SDR: age-standardized death rates (see HFA-DB user manual/Technical notes, page 13, for details)
•    FTE: full-time equivalent
•    PP: physical persons
•    PPP$: purchasing power parities expressed in US $, an internationally comparable scale reflecting the relative domestic purchasing powers of currencies.

Indicator notes
Number of physicians, full-time equivalent (FTE)
Indicator code: E992771.T

A physician is a person who has completed studies in medicine at the university level. To be legally licensed for the independent practice of medicine (comprising prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation), (s)he must in most cases undergo additional postgraduate training in a hospital (from 6 months to 1 year or more). To establish his or her own practice, a physician must fulfil additional conditions. The number of physicians at the end of the year includes all active physicians working in health services (public or private), including health services under other ministries than the Ministry of Health. Interns and residents, i.e. physicians in postgraduate training, are also included.The number of physicians excludes:physicians working outside the country; physicians on the retired list and not practising or unemployed; physicians working outside health services, e.g. employed in industry, research institutes etc.; dentists (stomatologists) who should be defined as a separate group. Confusion often occurs due to the different meaning of stomatologist in different countries.Stomatologists who are physicians with the specialty of stomatology (oral diseases/surgery) should be included in the number of physicians. In some countries of eastern Europe, the stomatologist is actually a dentist, practising dental care only. In this case he or she should be excluded from the total number of physicians.

The number of working hours per week varies between countries, but normally should not be less than 35 hours.

The number of FTE should be calculated by adding the full and appropriate proportion of part-time occupied posts._
Country/Area notes
Source: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of CR (IHIS CR). *Until 1999 physicians
working in other central organs not included. Since 2000 data cover physicians in total health
services. *From 2007 contractual workers are included. *Data refer to number of all medical workers
except those working in departments of stomatoloty, practical dentistry, orthodontics maxillo-facial
Only includes physicians at hospitals.
Source: Salary and Employment Register.
See indicator 275201. 40 working hours per week
Source: Finnish Medical Association.
Data contain the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) physicians (general practitioners and
specialists) actively practising medicine in public and private institutions and provide services
directly to patients. The number of FTE is calculated by adding the full and appropriate proportion
of parttime occupied posts. Source: German Medical Association, Federal Medical Registry and Federal
Statistical Office, Health Care Personnel
Source: Yearbook of Health Statistics of Central Statistical Office.
Source: The Directorate of Health. Including those working in all hospitals, nursing and old age
homes and in health centres. Excluding those who are self-employed.
Source: Department of Health Information, Ministry of Health. Based on Labour Force Surveys,
Central Bureau of Statistics.
LHIC, annual report data.
December 2002: From 1990 data refers to 1 January for each year.
Source: Norwegian Medical Association.
The physicians work weekly 35 hours, besides the wards which are paid separately. We have also
physicians with half-time (3.5 hours/day). NCHS has a Medical Personnel National Register,
registering each physician's medical practice with a number.
This is available directly from the reports and it is in accordance with the definition of WHO.
Please see definition of indicator 275201.
Not available.
Included physicians working in public health services under Ministry of Health. From 1996 onwards,
the following categories are not included in the total number of physicians: administrators, working
in research institutions, teaching medical students, sanitary group, stomatologists.
Source: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health.
United Kingdom
1. Data for England & Wales only.
2. NHS employees only.
3. There was a data quality issue in the Welsh 2006 data, therefore 2006 data has been estimated
using pro rata calculations to ensure the time series is consistent.