• Absenteeism from work due to illness, days per employee per year (Line chart)
  • Absenteeism from work due to illness, days per employee per year (Bar chart)
  • Absenteeism from work due to illness, days per employee per year (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European Health for All database

Indicators: 618
Updated: 04 September 2022

The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
•    SDR: age-standardized death rates (see HFA-DB user manual/Technical notes, page 13, for details)
•    FTE: full-time equivalent
•    PP: physical persons
•    PPP$: purchasing power parities expressed in US $, an internationally comparable scale reflecting the relative domestic purchasing powers of currencies.

Indicator notes
Absenteeism from work due to illness, days per employee per year
Indicator code: E040102.T

Average number of working days lost per employee per year due to sickness or injury. Maternity leaves are not included. Data from existing sick leave registration systems. For OECD countries data are available from the OECD health database._
Country/Area notes
Insurance Institute.
Source of data until 1997: National Health Information Analytic Center, Ministry of Health of the
Republic of Armenia. Data collected annually, reference period: 31 December.
Note: Data are currently not available.
Source: Main Association of Austrian Social Security Organisations;
Coverage: Self-employed are not included.
Source: AGD. Remark: Only the federal agents were considered (62895) and only absenteeism due to
illness. No registration in the private sector.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Available yearly up to 1990. Source: SIS. War period no data available.
1997: Maternity leave excluded 2010. Absenteeism due to accidents at work and occupational diseases
No data are available
Source: Czech Statistical Office. Calculation by the Institute of Health Information and Statistics
of the CR. Number of days lost per year on sick leave (including both illnesses and injuries) per
one sick-insured person.
Coverage: Data cover the entire sick-insured population in the Czech Republic that is defined by
national legislation.
Break in time series: Until 1989 data refer to Trade Unions and members of producers cooperatives;
after 1990 all institutions/enterprises are covered. In 2004, new legislation on sick insurance came
into effect, enforcing tougher conditions on granting sickness allowances.
Source: Statbank Denmark (www.dst.dk)2007-2008 :. Tables FRA03 and RASOFF11
2009-2012 : Tables FRA033 and RASOFF22
Calculation method: From 2007 and onwards the numbers are calculated as a weighted average of the
values found in the respective tables.
Break in time series: Between 2008 and 2009 due to a change in the definitions of the sectors in
Source: Number of compensated days for illness and sickness (both, the days compensated by the
employer and the days compensated by the National Health Insurance Fund are included), care-taking
of sick family members, injury from work accidents - Health Insurance Fund; number of employed
persons - Estonian Labour Force Survey (State Statistical Office).
Until July 2009 the real number of sickness days per employee is slightly underestimated, as the
first day of sickness was not compensated to the employee. Since July 2009, the first three days of
sickness are not compensated to the employee, therefore the real number of sickness days is even
more underestimated. (Since July, 2009 in the case of sick leave, the employer pays the compensation
from the fourth until the eighth day and the National Health Insurance Fund pays it from the ninth
day onwards.) In the case of care leave or maternity leave, it is paid by the National Health
Insurance Fund as of the first day of leave. Exceptions are illness or injury of a pregnant woman,
in which case the National Health Insurance Fund pays the compensation from the second day onwards.
As a result of an increase in the number of unemployed persons - (according to Statistics Estonia,
the number of unemployed persons increased by 26% when comparing three quarters between 2009 and
2010) - the number of insured persons in employment was decreased by 7% in 2010 compared to 2008. As
a result of both the reduction of the number of insured persons in employment and the change in
payment of benefits for incapacity for work, the number of certificates of incapacity for work
decreased by 25% in 2010 and the number of certificates per insured person in employment decreased
by 20%.
Data revised in December 2014.
Source: Social Insurance Institute, number of long-term days per 100 employed persons per year,
short-term absenteeism not registered.
Source: Federal Ministry of Health, KM1-Statistics (statutory health insurance: members and number
of obligatory members reported sick, as an annual average) and KG2-Statistics (statutory health
insurance: including services and times of inability to work) and Federal Statistical Office,
Federal Health Monitoring.
Coverage: Data refer to work absenteeism due to illness of the members of the public sickness fund
(PSF). It should be noted that such cases have to be recorded only if their duration exceeds three
workdays. Therefore, figures are an underestimation.
Estimation method: Results are extrapolated on the basis of data collected for 12 sample workdays,
which are annually monitored with the respective absenteeism rates projected onto an annual average.
The number of days of inability to work per member of the Statutory Health Insurance is based on the
following calculation: Days of inability to work divided by the annual average number of members of
the Statutory Health Insurance of the respective group of insured persons (here: Employees
obligatorily insured in the Statutory Health Insurance without pensioners, students, practical
trainees and persons in early retirement).
Source: Central Statsitical Office. As in the OECD report, the data include the number of days of
sick leave and sick benefits per eligible employee.
Estimated figures based on absenteeism due to illness in public institutions having 4900 FTE in
1996. Source: The State Social Security Institute
Data are not available.
Source:Health Information Division, Ministry of Health. Based on Labour Force Surveys, Central
Bureau of Statistics.
Data are not available.
Source: State Social Insurance Fund (SODRA).
Coverage: Days paid by Social Insurance Fund + 2 days paid by employer.
Source: General Inspection of Social Security (IGSS). Since 2012, data refer to all employees
excluding those of public administration, impossible to apply results to the entire population.
Before 2012: Rapport general de l'IGSS. Annual report of the General Inspection of Social Security.
Source: Data for 2008 obtained from the Social Security Department, Ministry for the Family and
Social Solidarity.
Data are not available.
Source of data: TNO Prevention and Health until 1992. Statistics Netherlands from 1993. The data
refer to the percentage of work days lost because of sickness absenteeism.
Coverage: Until 1992, data include maternity leave. From 1993, data exclude maternity leave. Data up
to and including 1992 refer to the enterprise sector. Data from 2003 onwards include also
government. Data from 2004 onwards include absenteeism longer than 1 year (and shorter than 2 years)
due to changed regulation.
North Macedonia
Source: Health Insurance Fund Prepared by: Institute for Public Health (IPH)
Source of data: From 1980 to 1995 this was calculated by Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine,
Lodz. They stopped this work in 1995. Since 2006 the data on absenteeism has been published by the
Social Insurance Institution which has analysed sick-leave documentation. They routinely calculate
an average absenteeism per person who was ill (and absent at work) in analysed year. The later
values are higher than for the period 1980-1995 but suit the increasing trend.
From 1991 the source of data changes from OECD to the Social Security Coverage: Only the employed
population covered by Social Security Schemes is included. The civil servants are not included.
Source of data: Routine reporting system.
No data are available.
Source: Social Insurance Agency in Slovakia.
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia (NIJZ)
Source: Ministry of Health Ministry of Social Services and Equality. National Health Survey 1987,
1993, 1995, 1997, 2001 and 2003. Data relate to working population aged 16 years and over. Figures
computed excluding missing values.( www.msssi.gob.es)
Until 1991 the Swedish sickness cash benefit statistics contained all sickness absence. Since then
not all absence is covered by sickness cash benefit. Not included are all cases up to 14 days. This
means that the first 14 days of all cases longer than 14 days are excluded.
As from 1992 sick pay from employers is included in the Swedish data.
The number of days with sickness cashed benefits or rehabilitation benefits per registered person
excluding disability benefits 16-64 years of age
Source of data: TURKSTAT
Method: Data for 2008, 2010 and 2012 is from Health Interview Surveys database.
Data are not available.
Included only data from public hospitals under Ministry of Health.
Source: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health.
United Kingdom
Source of Data: Health & Safety Executive via the Labour Force Survey published by ONS.
Coverage: Data is for Great Britain only.
There are no data available for 2012/13 from the Health & Safety Executive website.
In 2016 figures for years 2004 to 2014 revised to match data published in the Labour Force Survey.