European Health Information Gateway

European Health Information Gateway

Infant deaths per 1000 live births, females

Full name:
Infant deaths per 1000 live births, females
deaths per 1000 live births
Type of measure:
Arithmetic average, Crude rate
Data source:
European Health for All database
Data source notes:
The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
•    SDR: age-standardized death rates (see HFA-DB user manual/Technical notes, page 13, for details)
•    FTE: full-time equivalent
•    PP: physical persons
•    PPP$: purchasing power parities expressed in US $, an internationally comparable scale reflecting the relative domestic purchasing powers of currencies.

Indicator notes:
Infant deaths per 1000 live births, females
Indicator code: E070100.F This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator \"Infant deaths per 1000 live births\".

A measure of the yearly rate of deaths in children less than one year old. The denominator is the number of live births in the same year. Infant mortality rate = [(Number of deaths in a year of children less than 1 year of age) / (Number of live births in the same year)] *1000 (ICD-10). Unfortunately, some countries are not able to ensure complete registration of all death cases and births.

Therefore, infant mortality rates which are calculated using incomplete mortality data are lower than they actually are. In some cases under-registration of deaths may reach 20% or more and this has to be kept in mind when making comparisons between countries. Particularly high levels of mortality under- registration are observed in countries of central Asia and Caucasus, Albania and possibly some other coutries, like those of former Yugoslavia .

See indicator No1100 070110 which contains different estimates for the same indicator, based on other sources and special methods._
Country notes:
Data from 1990 onwards are estimates of the State Statisitcs Department made to adjust for
under-registration of deaths. They may be inconsistent with some other mortality-related indicators
which have been calculated using reported data on registered deaths.
Sharp increase in 2004 in early-neonatal and infant mortality trends is associated with the
introduction of the international live birth definition in Kyrgyzstan, thus increasing international
comparability of infant mortality data.
January 2003: Livebirth data for years back to mid 1990s have been adjusted for under-registration
of births by the State Committee of Statistics of Tajikistan. However the mortality data remain
incomplete due to large under-registration of deaths, paticularly infant deaths. This results in
further significant under-estimation of infant mortality rate and other mortality-based indicators
due to the increase in denominator. To avoid this artificial reduction in infant mortality the
published national estimates of infant mortality in Tajikistan are used in HFA-DB for the period
from 1994.
Source: 2011 Istanbul University, Marmara University, Yildirim Beyazit University ?Infant and
Under-5 Mortality Study 2012?
Previous years Public Health Institution of Turkey