Indicator full name: Percentage of population with improved sanitation facilities (%), urban
- Country/Area (COUNTRY/AREA)
- Supranational group of countries (COUNTRY_GRP)
- Year of measure (YEAR)
Years data is available: 1990—2015
Last updated: 17 October 2019
- San Marino
- WHO European Region
- Members of the European Union
- Members of the EU before May 2004 (EU15)
- Members of the EU after May 2004 (EU13)
- Commonwealth of Independent States
- Central Asian Republics Information Network members (CARINFONET)
- South-eastern Europe Health Network members (SEEHN)
- Nordic countries
Health 2020 core indicators were agreed by the WHO European Region Member States for monitoring progress towards the Health 2020 targets. Some of these indicators are based on official WHO sources and other are based on non-WHO sources, such as UNESCO and UNDP. Data from WHO sources can be accessed and queried at national level, while data from non-WHO sources is available in aggregated form, for groups of Member States.
Further information: DIR@euro.who.int
The joint monitoring framework (JMF) is used for reporting on indicators under three monitoring frameworks: the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Health 2020 and the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) 2013–2020. The Regional Committee for Europe adopted the JMF in September 2018.
The majority of JMF indicators in the Gateway are linked to existing databases in the Gateway.
EUR/RC68/10 Rev.1 Briefing note on the expert group deliberations and recommended common set of indicators for a joint monitoring framework
EUR/RC68(1): Joint monitoring framework in the context of the roadmap to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, building on Health 2020, the European policy for health and well-being
Developing a common set of indicators for the joint monitoring framework for SDGs, Health 2020 and the Global NCD Action Plan (2017)
European Health Information Initiative:
The European Health Statistics App:
(15) 4.1.c. Percentage of population with improved sanitation facilities
Living in satisfactory and sanitary housing conditions is one of the most important aspects of people’s lives. An assessment of population well-being thus needs to examine living conditions and whether dwellings have access to facilities – including adequate water and sewage supply – that are considered basic needs and human rights.
The vital importance of sanitation to human health and well-being and its role as an engine of development are well recognized. In this context, it is also crucial to recognize that striking disparities often occur in progress towards providing these services to the population, particularly in the divide between urban and rural populations, even when taking the different starting points into consideration. Use of improved sanitation facilities is a proxy for the use of basic sanitation.
An improved sanitation facility is defined as one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact. Improved sanitation facilities include:
• flush/pour flush to:
o piped sewer system
o septic tank
o pit latrine;
• ventilated improved pit latrine;
• pit latrine with slab;
• composting toilet.