Indicator full name: Total health expenditure as % of GDP, WHO estimates
- Country/Area (COUNTRY/AREA)
- Supranational group of countries (COUNTRY_GRP)
- Sex (SEX)
- Year of measure (YEAR)
Years data is available: 1995—2014
Last updated: 01 September 2022
- WHO European Region
- Members of the European Union
- Members of the EU before May 2004 (EU15)
- Members of the EU after May 2004 (EU13)
- Commonwealth of Independent States
- Central Asian Republics Information Network members (CARINFONET)
- South-eastern Europe Health Network members (SEEHN)
- Nordic countries
- Small countries
The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
Indicator code: E340103.T
Sum of General Government and of Private Expenditure on Health.
Estimates for this indicator were produced by WHO. The estimates are, to the greatest extent possible, based on the National Health Accounts classification (see the World Health Report 2006 for details). The sources include both nationally reported data and estimates from international organisations like IMF, WB, UN and OECD. Therefore they may somewhat differ from official national statistics reported by countries._
Investment (HC.R.1) is included.
Social Security since 2003.
B&H, Health Insurance and Reinsurance Fund of Federation of B&H; Health Insurance Fund of Republic
of Srpska; Department for Health of Brcko District
for the previous years should be avoided.
Estonia implements currently SHA2011 methodology in health care expenditure data collection. The
first reference year was 2013 and for that year Estonia does not have any data in previous SHA.1.0
In SHA2011 methodology there is no such definition as total health expenditure. SHA2011 uses only
current health expenditure definition and therefore all ratios in year 2013 are calculated using the
current health expenditure figure.
Note: Due to the severe recession in the early 1990s, the Finnish GDP declined by 10%, which also
led to savings in public health expenditure. After the recession, the GDP grew much more rapidly
than health expenditure, which caused the observed decline in the health expenditure share of GDP.
Methodology. GDP estimates refer to ESA 2010 Methodology
Data for the period 1992-2012 have been estimated on the basis of the updated version of the
classification of economic activities (Ateco 2007, the national version of Nace Rev. 2) and of
products by activity (CPA 2008) and are consistent with the revised time series of national
Calculation method: The methodology of the System of Health Accounts has been applied for
calculation of the data starting from 2005.
Note: The figure increased in 2004 because allocated European Structural Funds and household
expenditures were added to the total health expenditure.
sum of state and municipalities' health budget, health insurance budget and private expenditure on
health, taken from household budget survey. Source from 2004 onwards: Central Statistical Office.
Data according to OECD methodology.
Source: NSO (data reviewed from 1999).
the health sector, mandatory health insurance contributions by employers and employees, direct
health expenditure of employers for running industrial medical facilities, direct health
expenditures of ministries and governmental agencies, charity health expenditures, foreign
assistance, government-supplied health services including those in prisons and armed forces. Data
from ?National Health Survey? from 2006 undergone by Institute of Public Health of Serbia(IPHOS) has
been used for assessment of private sector expenditure as well as data from Republican Statistical
Office (RSO) ?Household budget survey? and RSO ?Living standard measurement estimations?.
for Macroeconomic Analyses and Development of Slovenia, Ljubljana 1996.
Source: Ministry of Health, the Economy and Finance Department.
Source: Department of Health