European Health Information Gateway

European Health Information Gateway

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Units, per 100 000

Full name:
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Units, per 100 000 population
Unit:
equipments per 100 000 population
Type of measure:
Population-weighted country group average, Rate
Visualizations:
Data source:
European database on human and technical resources for health (HlthRes-DB)
Data source notes:
HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes:
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Units, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: medTech.MR.total.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Magnetic Resonance Imaging Units, total number".

Number of Magnetic Resonance Imaging units (MRI units).

MRI is an imaging technique designed to visualise internal structures of the body using magnetic and electromagnetic fields which induce a resonance effect of hydrogen atoms. The electromagnetic emission created by these atoms is registered and processed by a dedicated computer to produce the images of the body structures.
Country notes:
Armenia
No data available.
Austria
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health & Gesundheit Osterreich GmbH, Monitoring of medical technology development (Gro?gerateerhebung).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Complete (as far as information is available regarding the ambulatory sector).
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Source of data: National Research Center for Medical Technology, Information, Management and Economics of Health, Ministry of Health. Questionnaires original research "Information on medical devices and life is put into operation in health care organizations."
Coverage: Data provided only for healthcare organizations under the Ministry of Health.
Belgium
Source of data: Federal Service of Public Health, DG 1 "Organisation of health provisions"; Ministry of the Flemish community and Ministry of the French community.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data correspond to the number of hospitals with this technology.
- Data on high-tech equipment in cabinets of ambulatory care providers are not available.
Deviation from definition: Data correspond to the number of hospitals with MRI units (rather than the number of MRI units).
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Data not available.
Bulgaria
Source of data: National Centre for Public Health and Analyses at the Ministry of Health Due to structural transformations in the health care system in 2011 the National Centre for Health Information was transform into National Centre for Public Health and Analyses
Reference period: 31st of December
Note: The number of MRI units in hospitals decreases due to their transfer to the outpatient health establishments.
Coverage: The study is with annual periodicity. All types of health establishments except hospices are included.
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Medical Equipment Database
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data includes MRI units in all public and private hospitals and other health care providers in Croatia, except prison hospital.
Cyprus
Source of data: Up to 2004; Nicosia General Hospital, Medical Physics Department. From 2005: Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, Department of Labour Inspection, Radiation Inspections and Control Service.
Reference period: 31st December.
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Survey on medical apparatus in health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Until 1999, only establishments of the health sector covered. From the year 2000, data cover all sectors.
- Data under HP.1 encompasses all bed care health establishments and HP.3 all other health establishments.
Break in time series: 2000.
Denmark
Source of data: National Board of health, “The Scanner report”.
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage: The 2009 data have been provided by the Danish Regions.
Estonia
Source of data: National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics since 2008. Validity of the source:
- Valid since 2005.
- Data on equipment were not collected routinely before 2005. Since 2006 data have been included in the annual reports of health care providers.
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage:
- All providers. Since 2006 data have been included in the annual reports (“Health Care Provider”).
- Devices rented from foreign firms are excluded, although the service is provided by Estonian health care providers.
- Data are collected from hospitals and ambulatory care providers. Due to the changes in the HP coding in 2014 according to the SHA2011 some providers, previously classified under HP3, were classified under HP4. To avoid data loss since 2014 also HP4 providers are included under category “ambulatory care”.
Finland
Source of data: Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority Finland and university hospitals.
Coverage: All hospitals.
France
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from FINESS.
Reference period: Equipment in service during the year (not necessarily during the whole year).
Coverage: Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
Georgia
Source: Data are based on annual statistical reports from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Germany
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Hospital statistics (basic data of hospitals and prevention or rehabilitation facilities); Statistisches Bundesamt, Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.1, table
2.8.1 and ibid., Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.2, table 2.6; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data on medical technology include equipment installed in all types of hospitals (HP.1) in all sectors (public, not-for-profit and private).
- Additional equipment in the ambulatory sector is not counted in official statistics.
Greece
Source of data: Healthcare Technology Consultation Centre.
Hungary
Source of data:
- Until 1999, Hungarian National Institute for Hospital and Medical Engineering (ORKI).
- From 2000, Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP) Statistical Yearbook. http://www.oep.hu.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Equipment used in military hospitals (belonging to the Ministry of Defence) and the health institutes of the Hungarian State Railways are not included.
- The number contains only those CT and MRI units which are owned by health care institutions under contract with the National Insurance Fund (OEP).
Iceland
Source of data: Icelandic Radiation Safety Authority.
Reference period: 31st December.
Ireland
Source of data:
- From 2009: Irish Association of Physicists in Medicine.
- Up to 2008: Siemens, Ireland.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Medical Institutions License Registry maintained by the Department of Medical Facilities and Equipment Licensing and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Includes all licensed MRI units (includes MRI for diagnosis, for research and I-MRI for surgery). * Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
Coverage: Available equipment both in hospital and territorial facilities is counted. Territory private facilities not accredited by the National Health Service are not covered. However, data on equipment in hospitals refer to both public and private hospitals, including private hospitals not accredited by the National Health Service.
Kazakhstan
Data not available.
Kyrgyzstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Statistical Report no.49 "About Diagnostic Radiology".
Reference period: 31 December.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of functioning equipment.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Direction de la Sante, Service de Radioprotection.
Coverage: Includes all equipment in use.
Malta
Source of data:
- Aggregated data from Individual Institutions, Directorate of Institutional Health, Ministry of Health, the Elderly and Community Care and Occupational Health and Safety Authority (OHSA)
- 2008 onwards: Individual Institutions
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: The number of MRI units decreased in 2011 due to the termination of one privately owned hospital. 2013: The number of MRI units in the ambulatory sector have decreased since a small private hospital was previously being considered as part of the ambulatory sector. This small private hospital is now being included under the hospital sector since it is licensed for overnight stays.
Montenegro
Data not available.
Netherlands
Source of data:
- 2006 onwards: Annual reports social account which the hospitals are required to deliver; the survey on imaging diagnostics is included in this report.
- Up to 2005: Health Council, Advisory Report on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy (The Hague, 1984); Nationale Raad voor de Volksgezondheid (National Board of Health), Advisory Report on MRI (Zoetermeer, 1993).
Norway
Data not available.
Poland
Source of data: Ministry of Health:
- MZ-12 - report on activity and workers in outpatient specialised health care. Data as at 31st December.
- MZ-29 - report on activity of general hospital. Data as at 31st December.
- Registers of authorisations given on activating and using the x-ray machines for medical diagnostics, interventional radiology, surface radiotherapy, radiotherapy of non-cancer diseases and on activating rooms using such devices. These registers are conducted by the provincial sanitary inspectors (16 units) and once a year by the report MZ-52 – “the report on radiation hygiene”. Data are delivered once a year to Chief Sanitary Inspector. Ministry of Interior:
- MSW-33 Report on nursing and residential care facilities. Data are collected on an annual basis. Data as at 31st December.
Portugal
Source of data:
- For all sectors (inpatient and outpatient facilities): Ministry of Health - Survey of High-tech Facilities.
- For inpatient facilities (official and private hospitals): Hospital Survey.
Coverage:
- Data include the total installed equipment.
Republic of Moldova
Data not available.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: For the period 2005-2006 the data covers all hospitals from public sector, starting with 2007 data refers to hospitals and ambulatory care units of public and private sector. Data collection for 2005 and 2006 does not cover ambulatory care sector (HP3).
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?30 «Information about medical organization", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Source: Health Authority.
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, Register of medical equipment of national interest. http://www.batut.org.rs/ Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Medical technologies available regardless of frequency of use.
Slovenia
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Slovenia, Analysis of indices of effectiveness.
Reference period: Average number in current year.
Coverage: Refers to all Public Hospitals and concessionaires in Slovenia.
Spain
Source of data:
- 1984 and 1988: Pablo Lazaro y de Mercado. "Evaluacion de Servicios Sanitarios: La Alta Tecnologia en Espana". Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias de la Seguridad Social (F.I.S).
- From 1992 to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from National Catalogue of Hospitals (several issues). http://www.msc.es/ciudadanos/prestaciones/centrosServiciosSNS/hospitales/home.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Until 2009, data from National Catalogue of Hospitals relate only to devices available in hospitals; they do not include equipment in other health care facilities.
- Since 2010, data are available for equipment in hospitals and ambulatory sector.
Break in time series: 1992 and 2010.
- Change in data source.
- Information about medical technology and diagnostic activity for centers HP.3 included since 2010.
Sweden
Data not available.
Switzerland
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel, hospital statistics; yearly census.
Coverage: Hospitals (HP.1).
Deviation from the definition: 1997-2006 in hospitals (HP.1) only; the data represent the number of hospitals running at least one unit.
Break in time series: Hospital statistics have been revised (data year 2010); new counting of all equipment.
Tajikistan
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Ministry of health.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data include only equipment from publicly owned hospitals and ambulatory sector, private sector is excluded.
Turkey
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- Data cover the number of devices in the MoH, universities and private hospitals as well as those used by outsourcing in Turkey.
Break in time series: MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Turkmenistan
Data Source: Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, the state statistical reporting forms for registration of personnel agencies and healthcare enterprises.
Reporting period: December 31st.
Coverage: Data provided by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, without the
Inclusion of data from other ministries and departments.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 20 “report of a health care facility” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health care facilities reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
Note: current reporting does not allow disaggregation of the data by hospital and ambulatory sector.
United Kingdom
Source of data:
- England: NHS. Health Protection Agency, now Public Health England.
- Scotland: Scottish Healthcare Supplies.
- Wales: Welsh Health Estates.
- Northern Ireland: Social Services and Public Safety.
Coverage:
- Does not include private sector.
Estimation method:
- 2000 to 2001 and 2008: Only available data were for England. UK estimate based on a pro-rata increase using UK population data.
- 2002 to 2003: Only Great Britain data available. UK estimate based on a pro-rata increase using UK population data.
- 2006: UK figure estimated as Scottish data unavailable. 2005 Scottish data used, following agreement with the Health Protection Agency.
- For 2010 onwards only available data was for England and Wales, and UK level figure was submitted based on a pro-rata increase using UK population data.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include facilities functioning within the system of the Ministry of Health only.