European Health Information Gateway

European Health Information Gateway

Practising physicians, per 100 000

Full name:
Practising physicians, per 100 000 population
Export:
Unit:
health professionals per 100 000 population
Type of measure:
Population-weighted country group average, Rate
Visualizations:
Data source:
European database on human and technical resources for health (HlthRes-DB)
Data source notes:
HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes:
Practising physicians, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: pract.phys.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Practising physicians, total number".

Practising physicians provide services directly to patients.
Inclusion
- Persons who have completed studies in medicine at university level (granted by adequate diploma) and who are licensed to practice
- Interns and resident physicians (with adequate diploma and providing services under supervision of other medical doctors during their postgraduate internship or residency in a health care facility)
- Salaried and self-employed physicians delivering services irrespectively of the place of service provision
- Foreign physicians licensed to practice and actively practising in the country
Exclusion
- Students who have not yet graduated
- Dentists and stomatologists / dental surgeons
- Physicians working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with patients
- Unemployed physicians and retired physicians
- Physicians working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes:
Albania
Source of data: Ministry of Health.
Armenia
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: The data on foreign physicians licensed to practice and actively practicing in the country are not included because they are missing from the report forms.
Austria
Source of data: Osterreichische Arztekammer - Vollerhebung / Austrian Medical Chamber - total of members.
Reference period: December/January (reference day varies).
Coverage:
- includes physicians in activity who are member of the Austrian Medical Chamber;
- includes the whole medical field (private practices, hospitals, etc.);
- includes interns ("Turnusarzte");
- excludes physicians without medical practice (in industry, administration, research...);
- excludes specific other categories such as dentists and stomatologists;
- excludes physicians working abroad and includes physicians who are citizens of a Member State.
Azerbaijan
Source of data: The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Reference period: data as of December 31.
Belarus
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/.
Reporting period: 31 December
Deviation from definition: Data on foreign doctors are not included because this information is not available.
Break in time series: 2007, 2010 and 2011. Medical interns were included in this category during the years of 2007 to 2009 and in 2011. In other years they are included in the category "Professionally active physicians."
Belgium
Source of data:
- Since 1995: Institut National d'Assurance Maladie Invalidite, “Rapport Annuel”.
- Before 1995: Ministry of Social Affairs, Public Health and Environment, "Donnees statistiques concernant le corps medical, les dentistes, les veterinaires et les pharmaciens" (several issues).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Excludes physicians in training.
- Stomatologists are included in the number of physicians.
Break in time series:
- Data from1999: Number of physicians with a minimal volume of patient contacts.
- Data up to 1998: Number of physicians who carried out at least one reimbursed medical act during the year.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report organisation structure of health personnel.

Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report organisation structure of health personnel.
Bulgaria
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: All physicians (head counts) who worked on a basic labour contract in outpatient and inpatient establishments, as well as those who practice in other health establishments - centres for emergency medical care, centres for transfusion haematology, homes for medical and social care for children, Hygiene-epidemiological inspections and others. 2004-2012 data for practicing physicians are revised. The revision was done in order to provide harmonised data and physicians with maxillo-facial surgery speciality are excluded from the total number of practicing physicians. In accordance with Bulgarian’s legal framework, before 2004 this category (maxillo-facial surgery) did not exist.
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Coverage: Private medical practitioners have been included since 1993.
Deviation from the definition: maxillofacial surgeons are included up to 2008.
Break in time series: 2009.
Cyprus
Source of data: Statistical Service of Cyprus; Public Sector Administrative Sources and Pancyprian Medical Association for the Private Sector. Validity of the source: For the years 1985, 1987, 1995 and 2000 figures were obtained from the Census of Doctors, Dentists and Clinics.
Reference period: 31st December of the reference year
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Registry of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Only employees on payroll are included.
- Until 1999, physicians working in other central organs not included. Since the year 2000 data covers physicians in all health services.
- Since 2003, excluded physicians working in Public Health Stations (administrative offices for public health protection and supervision).
- Until 2003, also included physicians working only in the sector of Education and not providing direct medical care to patients.
- Number of physicians working in the sector of Labour and Social Affairs only estimated for 2004.
Break in time series: 2000.
Denmark
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Physicians who have a license to practice and whose status in the Central Personnel Register (CPR) is active, i.e. in the country (not dead or abroad); connected to HP1, HP2 or HP3 as either a) employed, b) employed, being on leave or c) employed, receiving sickness benefit.
- Dentists are not included.
Break in time series: 1992. Change in the data collection.
Estonia
Source of data:
- Annual reports, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics. http://pxweb.tai.ee/esf/pxweb2008/Database_en/HCresources/05Personnel/05Personnel.asp.
- 1960-1984 data published by Statistics Estonia (http://pub.stat.ee/px-web.2001/I_Databas/Social_life/05Health/04Health_care_institutions/04Health_c are_institutions.asp).
Reference period:
- 1960-2012: 31st of December.
- Since 2013: November.
Coverage:
- Practising physicians who provide services directly to patients, all health care providers included.
- Since 1992, the number does not include medical staff working in research or other areas. The military area has been included since 2010.
- Since 1997, the number of physicians includes resident physicians and interns; before that time interns were not included.
Breaks in time series: 1985, 1992, 2005 and 2013.
- 1992: The types of institutions included have been changed over the period in question. Until 1991, the data correspond more to professionally active physicians (practising + working in health sector); from 1992 on they include practising only.
- Until 2004, the number of practising physicians was based on their last or main educational qualification (data not available by age group) and specialty.
- Since 2005, the head count distribution is made according to the main occupational activity (data not available by gender and age group).
- The data collection methodology was changed in 2013. Aggregated data collection was replaced with data collection on a personal basis. From 2013, the predominant (main) area of practice is based on an occupation with the highest workload.
Finland
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. The Register of the Finnish Medical Association which is updated by a yearly survey covering all physicians licensed to practice in Finland who are not retired.
Reference period: Mid-March.
Coverage: Physicians are classified according to their main employment. Professionally active physicians include physicians with teaching or research as their main employment. However, these physicians are excluded from practising physicians (even though they may have part-time position as a practising physician). From 2009 onwards, information on practising physicians is estimated with the information from 2014 survey, according to which 91.5% of professionally active physicians are practising physicians. Includes physicians who are under 64 years old.
France
Source of data: Ministere du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Sante - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES), Sous-Direction de l'Observation de la Sante et de l'Assurance maladie, Bureau des Professions de sante.
- From 2011 (01/01/2012): RPPS (Repertoire partage des professionnels de sante), ASIP-SANTE RPPS. 2011 is the first year available for data referring to the concept of “practising physicians”.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer only to practising physicians, either self-employed (“liberaux”) or salaried.
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- All public and private hospitals and clinics are covered.
- Stomatologists and dentists are not included in the number of physicians.
- Interns and residents are not included.
- Doctors who do not provide direct care to patients and for all their activities are excluded.
Deviation from the definition: Interns and residents are not included.
Georgia
Source of data: Data are based on annual statistical reports from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Reference period: 31 December 2012
Coverage: The provided data cover all regions except separatist regions, Abkhazia and South Osetia. Data for those two regions are unavailable.
Germany
Source of data: German Medical Association, Medical practitioner statistics; http://www.gbe-bund.de/ or http://www.baek.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data contain the number of physicians who are actively practising medicine in public and private institutions and provide services directly to patients (head-count data).
- Included are general practitioners, specialists, interns and resident physicians and foreign physicians licensed to practice and actively practising medicine in the country.
- The data exclude dentists, stomatologists as well as qualified physicians working abroad, working in administration, research and industry positions, unemployed and retired physicians.
- Excluded are students who have not yet graduated.
Greece
Data not available. Data are available for “professionally active” physicians (including also doctors in administrative, academic or research functions who are not providing direct care to patients).
Hungary
Source of data:
- Up to 1999: Ministry of Health.
- In 2000 and 2001: Data are estimates from the National Institute for Strategic Health Research (ESKI) based on the operational registration of the Hungarian Medical Association.
- Between 2002 and 2006: Operational registration of the Hungarian Medical Association.
- From 2007: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Practising physicians (including residents) reported to the National Register of Physicians.
- From 1990: Includes specialists, GPs, family paediatricians, residents, and non-specialised physicians. The report is made according to the 1990 account of the Central Statistical Office “Number of active physicians by sex and specialisation.
Break in time series: 1980, 2000, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2008.
- For the years up to 1979, dentists are included under physicians; from 1980, dentists are not included in the physician series.
- From 2000 to 2006, the registry of physicians was prepared by the Hungarian Medical Association (MOK).
- The 2000 data are estimates from National Institute for Strategic Health Research (ESKI).
- In 2005, the Hungarian Medical Association (MOK) performed data cleaning in the database to identify more precisely practising physicians, deleting 3,000 persons due to retirement or death, and about 1,300 persons due to employment abroad or leaving the profession.
- From 2007, the Office of Health Authorisation and Administrative Procedures (EEKH) – unlike in the previous years – provided data not on the basis of last acquired specialisation, but according to the dominant specialisation practiced during medical work.
- In 2008, the Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures significantly revised the data in the registry by calling for refinement, according to the 1997. CLIV. Act.
Iceland
Source of data:
- 2003 and onwards: The Directorate of Health, The Register of Physicians.
- Until 2002: The Directorate of Health. Data from inpatient care institutions, health centres and The State Social Security Institute.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Includes those physicians who are 70 years old or younger with permanent residence and registered domicile in Iceland (Icelanders or foreigners).
- Excludes retired professionals and professionals working abroad.
- Practising physicians - may refer more to professionally active physicians, as these data include non-practising physicians (but this group of non-practising physicians is very small).
- May include a very small number of non-practising physicians.
- The peak in 2001 is due to “change of source and methodology”.
Break in time series: Break in series in 2005 is due to a revision of methodology. The methodology was altered in 2009 in such a way that registered domicile is now taken into account when counting the number of physicians, not only permanent residence. Figures for previous years, back to 2005, were revised accordingly.
Ireland
Source of data: Department of Health.
Reference period: end of December.
Coverage:
- The data covers the following:
- Family doctors (GPs) registered with the Irish College of General Practitioners - ICGP (plus an estimate of approximately 10% who are not registered with the ICGP). Also included are GPs in training.
- Consultant (specialist) doctors who work exclusively privately.
- A small number of non-consultant hospital doctors working privately. This is estimated from a Workforce Planning survey.
- Consultants and non-consultant hospital doctors working in the public health service.
- A small number of doctors working full-time in the Irish Prison Service.
- Data should be considered an estimate as there may be practising doctors working elsewhere in the health service not covered in the data. Also there may be some overlap amongst GPs in training and non-consultant hospital doctors working in the public health service.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Labour Force Survey which is conducted routinely by the Central Bureau of Statistics and includes persons who had worked for at least one hour during the week before the survey, for pay, profit or other consideration. Occupation is determined by the type of work performed by the interviewed person at his place of work, without regard to what he studied if his work is not in that field. The classification of occupations is based on the classification of the International Labour Office (ILO): International Standard Classification of Occupations ISCO 88.
Coverage:
- Data may include interns who have not yet received a license but report themselves in the survey as working as physicians.
- The sample of practising physicians is relatively small and therefore the data are subject to large variations due to sample errors and wide confidence intervals. Any data analysis should be carried out with caution.
Estimation method: Moving average of three years (numbers for previous, current and next years) was made in order to diminish the fluctuations in the numbers. For example, the number of practising physicians in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997. The number for 2011 is an average of 2010-2012.
Break in time series:
- From January 2012, the Central Bureau of Statistics has made a transition from a quarterly system of measuring labour force characteristics to a new and improved system that better suits the latest international recommendations on employment and unemployment - Monthly Labour Force Survey. Therefore the 2012 (original) data refer to the entire labour force (including the military service) and not to the civilian labour force, as it was before.
- In addition to the transition to a monthly survey, in 2012 a new Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities based on ISIC was implemented as well as a new Standard Classification of Occupations based on ISCO-08. The (original) numbers for 2012 are still reported according to the previous classifications, but the (original) numbers for 2013 are based on the new classifications.
Further information: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_force_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf. http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications12/economic_activities11/pdf/e_print.pdf.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
a) For General practitioners and General paediatricians practising for the National Health System:
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics- Office of Statistics. Publication: “Attivita gestionali ed economiche delle ASL e Aziende ospedaliere”, Annuario Statistico del Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (published annually). Publication available on the web site of the Ministry of Health. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
Coverage: Total survey on all general practitioners and paediatricians practising for the National Health System. General practitioners provide the first level care to all citizens aged 14 years old and over (consultations, visits, prescription of medicines, and referrals for laboratory tests or specialist visits).
b) For Specialized physicians, Other generalist medical practitioners and General paediatricians not practicing for the National Health System:
Source of data: ISTAT provides data produced by CEGEDIM ITALIA - One Key database. http://crm.cegedim.com/solutions/data/data-overview/Pages/onekey-database.aspx.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data refer to practising physicians.
Kazakhstan
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Latvia
Source of data:
- Since 2005: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
- 2004 and earlier: Health Statistics and Medical Technologies State Agency; Statistical Report No.17 "Report About Medical Staff".
Reference period: 31 December. Break in series: 2005: change in data source.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments. Report “Health Statistics of Lithuania”, available from http://sic.hi.lt/html/en/hsl.htm.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of practising physicians at the end of the year includes all professionally active physicians working in health system, excluding physicians working in administration, health education and research, hygiene physicians, epidemiologists. Interns and resident physicians are included.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Stomatologists and dental surgeons are included. Until 1999:
- Includes physicians working in administration and research.
- Retired physicians are not included. However, the end of activity of self-employed physicians is often noted with some time lag. From 2000:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Doctors who do not work in direct contact with patients (laboratories, administration, R&D, etc) are excluded, and interns are included.
Break in time series: 2000.
Malta
Source of data: Data is compiled at the Directorate for Health Information and Research from data on the Medical Council Register.
Reference period: 31st December. Break in Series: Data on physicians from 2011 onwards had been updated by the Medical Council and more accurate figures have been provided.
Montenegro
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/
Reference period: December 31st.
Coverage: Only physicians from public sector.
Deviation from the definition: From 2005 till 2011 . specialists (social medicine, health statistics, and managers) and residents (social medicine, health statistics, and managers) , are excluded
Netherlands
Data not available. Data are available for “professionally active” physicians (also including doctors in administrative, academic or research functions who are not providing direct care to patients).
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway. Statistics on health-care personnel. See www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
- From 2002: Administrative registers.
- Earlier years: The Norwegian Medical Association.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Coverage:
- 1991-1994 data cover practising physicians under 70 years old.
- 1994-2001 data cover practising physicians under 67 years old.
- 2002-2008 data include all personnel within HP1-HP3.
- 2009-2012: Because of national registration and quality, it is also chosen to include physicians in HP4.
- Retired professionals and professionals working abroad are excluded and foreign professionals are included. Specialists in dental surgery are excluded.
Break in time series:
- 2002 due to change in source.
- 2009: Because of national registration and quality, it is also chosen to include physicians in HP4.
Poland
Source of data: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence and Central Statistical Office.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Physicians are assigned to practising or professionally active physicians based on the primary workplace.
- Since 2003 data from the Ministry of National Defence and the Ministry of Interior are included.
- Since 2004 teaching and administration staff is excluded.
- Since 2005 physicians with the primary work place being private medical offices, stationary social assistance facilities and nursing homes are included.
- Physicians working in prisons are excluded.
Break in time series:
-2003, 2004, and 2005. See coverage notes above for description.
Portugal
Data not available. (Data available only for all physicians licensed to practice.)
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign physicians are not included. Interns and residents are not included.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The data cover all sanitary physicians from public and private sector.
- Physicians (ISCO/COR 2221) are defined as the persons who have completed studies in medicine at the university level and who are licensed to practice. Physicians’ tasks include: medical or surgical treatment for diagnosed illness of patients, conducting medical examination, making diagnosis and giving treatment diagnosed illnesses, disorders or injuries, establish curative and preventive medical measurement, relished reports and participate to scientific communication in medical field.
- The physicians who work in education field as teachers and physicians from health insurance field are not included as practising physicians. It was impossible to exclude physicians who have administrative function in health units because separate registrations do not exist.
- Were excluded from physicians: students, unemployed physicians in health field, retirement physicians, and physicians working abroad, physicians working in sales field even if they work in medical sales (ex. medical drugs).
- Until 2007 physicians working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with patients could not be totally excluded.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?17 «Information about the medical and pharmaceutical personnel", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: Interns and resident physicians are not included.
San Marino
Source of data: Human Resources Office at the Social Security Institute.
Coverage: Data include only public sector’ health professionals.
Serbia
Data not available.
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
- Data are provided from the Register of Health Professionals. Recent data available only for 2007. The New Register of Health Professionals was introduced for operation on 31st December. 2007. Update of the Register is not made every year, thus data for practising physicians for 2005, 2006 and 2008–2013 are not available (selection of the data is not possible).
Reference period: 31st December.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Practising physicians are those working in the health-care sector (primary, secondary and tertiary care), including public health institutes and health insurance funds.
- The National Health Care Providers Database is a registry with total (100 %) coverage of health workers.
Spain
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE). Economically Active Population Survey (several issues). http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t22/e308_mnu&file=inebase&N=&L=0.
Reference period: Annual average. Three-year moving averages (e.g. data reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997).
Coverage:
- Up to 2010, the data include "physicians and odontologists" from the National Occupations Classification (CNO-94 Spain, code 212) on 3 digit level. The information on 4 digit level is not available. The CNO-94 code 212 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88 codes 2221 (medical doctors) and 2222 (dentists). It is not possible to separate "physicians and odontologists" on 3 digit level.
- From 2011 onwards the data are classified according to CNO-11 Spain, code 211. The CNO-11 code 211 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-08 code 221 (medical doctors). Dentists are not included in the ‘practising’ figures since 2011.
- The ‘Practising’ data correspond to physicians whose activity (NACE) is within the health sector. The number of practising physicians was obtained by calculating the number of physicians employed in the health sector according to NACE rev.2 (chapter Q) since 2009, and similarly with NACE Rev.1 and NACE Rev.1.1 before 2009.
- Medical interns/residents are included in the data on health employment if they worked at least one hour in return for remuneration during the week prior to the interview (Survey reference week).
- Data analysis over time should be carried out with caution. Data are obtained from a survey and fluctuations in the data can occur for a number of reasons, one of them being the sampling errors. These variations can lead to false assumptions about trends. We advise users of time series data to carefully explore the relevant issues before drawing any conclusions about the reasons for year-on-year changes.
- During the first quarter of 2005 various changes have been introduced into the Economically Active Population Survey:
1. New variables have been included in accordance with Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Communities) requirements, set forth in Regulation 2257/2003.
2. A centralised procedure has been implemented for the process of the telephone interviews.
3. With the goal of further standardising the survey process, the questions of the questionnaire have been reformulated.
Deviation from the definition: Data include dentists until 2010.
Estimation method: In 2014, data series have been updated with Spanish population figures imported from Census 2011 and recalculated by using three-year moving averages in order to reduce the large year-to-year fluctuations in data derived from the LFS. The number reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997; the number for 2012 is an average of 2011-2013.
Sweden
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Physicians include all persons with a Swedish physician’s license and pre-licensed physicians employed within the health-care sector.
- 100% coverage.
Switzerland
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; Swiss Medical Association (FMH), Bern; medical statistics of physicians; yearly census.
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Data not available.
Turkey
Data not available. Data are available for “professionally active” physicians (including also doctors in administrative, academic or research functions who are not providing direct care to patients).
Turkmenistan
Data not available.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 17 “Health employment” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: data on foreign physicians are not included.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Source of data:
- England: Health & Social Care Information Centre, General & Personal Medical Services Statistics and Medical & Dental Workforce Census; http://www.hscic.gov.uk/searchcatalogue?q=staff+numbers&area=&size=10&sort=Relevance.
- Northern Ireland: Hospital staff from Human Resource Management System / Human Resource, Payroll, Travel & Subsistence system, DHSSPS, GP staff from Medlist, Business Services Organisation;
- Scotland: Information Services Division, Medical and Dental Census, GP Contractor Database, Scottish Workforce Information Standard System;
- Wales: Welsh Government: http://gov.wales/statistics-and-research/?topic=Health+and+social+care&lang=en.
Reference period: Data as at 30th September.
Coverage:
- Data cover National Health Service staff only.
- Data exclude dental staff, optometrists/opticians, and locum staff.
- Northern Ireland: Data exclude bank staff, research fellows, clinical assistants and hospital/medical practitioners (who will likely already have been counted as General Practitioners on Medlist). Data from 2000 exclude staff on career breaks. The UK equivalent to interns and residents, i.e. foundation doctors and specialty registrars, are included in the data.
Deviation from the definition:
- Scotland: Data exclude Ophthalmic Medical Practitioners.
Estimation method:
- Raw numbers of Physicians up to 1989 for Great Britain have been increased pro-rata by the OECD Secretariat to provide appropriate numbers for the UK, enabling the correct computation of density and percentage of total health employment figures using the UK population and health employment data stored within the database.
- 2013 – Welsh data was not available in time for this collection and so the previous year’s figure was updated from the estimate made last year and used instead. This will be updated with the correct data in next year’s collection.
Break in time series: 1971, 1979, 1987, 1990.
- There are breaks in the physician's series at 1971 and 1979. Physician's figures from 1960 to 1970 are derived from the OPCS (now ONS) Annual Abstract of Statistics issues for those years. 1971 to 1989 calculated by Department of Health. Data from 1971 to 1979 correspond to figures in table D6 of the OECD ‘Measuring Health Care 1960-1983: Expenditure, costs and performance’ volume (OECD Social Policy Studies no.2, 1985). From 1987 onwards, dental staff in GB are excluded. They include hospital and community health medical staff and general medical practitioners. Before 1987, they included general medical practitioners and hospital medical staff only.
- Data prior to 2000 exclude a small number of Ophthalmic Medical Practioners (400 to 800).
- In 2010, physicians time series have been re-submitted from 2000 to include a small number of Ophthalmic Medical Practitioners for England & Wales that had previously not been counted. This represents 400 to 800 additional physicians.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.
Break in time series: 2008. Until 2008 dentists were included into the number of the practicing physicians.