• Other hospital beds, per 100 000 population (Line chart)
  • Other hospital beds, per 100 000 (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 4307

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Other hospital beds, per 100 000 population
Indicator code: hospBed.other.rate This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Other hospital beds, total number".

All other beds in hospitals (HP.1) not elsewhere classified.
Inclusion
- Beds for rehabilitation (HC.2)
Note: System of Health Accounts 1.0 is available from http://www.oecd.org/health/healthpoliciesanddata/1841456.pdf.
Country notes
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
Source of data: National Information and Analytical Center of Health, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia (RIATSZ) Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form ? 2 “Therapeutic and prophylactic activity of hospitals”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Austria
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Hospital Statistics (annual average).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Complete.
- Data include beds for rehabilitation and convalescence.
Note: In 2014, the data have been changed for the complete time series, because some beds for rehabilitation in HP 1.2 have been reallocated into "Other hospital beds".
Azerbaijan
Source of data: Department of Informatics and Statistics, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan, form 47.
Reference period: data as of December 31.
Belarus
Source: not clear, probably Ministry of Health.
Belgium
Source of data: Federal Service of Public Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment, DG1 Organisation and Planning, Data management; Central Institution Database - Centraal Ziekenhuisbestand (CZB).
Reference period: 1st of January.
Coverage:
- Beds indexes included in the calculation are: (S) Specialisation (S1) Cardio-pulmonary affections (S2) Condition of locomotive apparatus and (S3) Neurological conditions.
- There was an increase of these beds in 1995.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sources and Methods
Source: Public Health Institute FB&H, Hospital service in FB&H, Public Health Institute Republica Srpska, Hospital service in Republica Srpska.
Bulgaria
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, National Centre for Public Health and Analyses at the Ministry of Health Due to structural transformations in the health care system in 2011 the National Centre for Health Information was transform into National Centre for Public Health and Analyses
Reference period: 31st of December
Coverage: beds for physiotherapy and rehabilitation are included. 2001 and 2002: data on long term care beds are also included.
Break in time series: 2001: Data on long-term care beds are not available as a separate numbers and are incl. in the number of other beds in hospitals for years 2001 and 2002. 2003: Data on long-term care beds are excluded again from other hospitals beds, as proposed by the joint definition. Long term care beds have been included in other hospital beds for years 2001 and 2002. 2005: Beds for physiotherapy and rehabilitation in pulmonary, dermato-venerological and oncological dispensaries are included in Other beds in Hospitals in order to provide harmonised data.
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Hospital structure and function database
Reference period: 31st December Starting from 2009 data do not include community care centres providing both in-patient and out-patient services primarily engaged in out-patient services.
Coverage: Data include number of hospital beds in all public and private hospitals in Croatia, except prison hospital.
Cyprus
This category does not apply for Cyprus.
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic. Survey on bed resources of health establishments and their exploitation.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage:
- Until 1999, data cover only establishments of the health sector. Since 2000, data cover all sectors.
- Other beds encompass beds in institutes for TB & respiratory diseases, rehabilitation institutes, other specialised therapeutic institutes and other bed care health establishments.
Break in time series: 2000.
Denmark
Source of data: National Board of Health.
Coverage: Data include beds for rehabilitation.
Estonia
Source of data:
- Since 1st January 2008 National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics.
- Data from routinely collected health care statistics submitted by health care providers (monthly statistical report "Hospital beds and hospitalisation").
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- All hospitals HP.1 (public and private sector) are included.
- Cots for neonates, day beds, provisional and temporary beds, and beds in storerooms are excluded from the hospital beds.
- Beds in welfare institutions are excluded.
- The data on beds for tuberculosis are provided among other types of beds. Rehabilitation beds are included in the acute (curative) care beds. ALOS for rehabilitation care beds is less than 18 days in Estonia.
- The decrease in the number of hospital beds after 1991 was the result of the first reorganisation wave of health care system of the independent country.
- In 2002, the Government of Estonia introduced the Hospital Master Plan that anticipates an optimum number of hospitals and hospital beds necessary to provide acute health care services taking into account the number of the population of Estonia and the population forecasts. Therefore, existing hospitals were reorganised, some became out-patient care providers, and some were closed or consolidated. This change can be called the second wave of the reorganisation of the Estonian health care system.
- Other hospital beds include only beds for tuberculosis.
Finland
Source of data: National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Care Register for Institutional Health Care.
Estimation method: Since 1994, calculated bed-days/365 or 366.
Break in time series: 2000. The series was recalculated from 2000 onwards to correspond to the SHA 2011 definitions.
France
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from the “Statistique Annuelle des Etablissements de sante (SAE)”. NB: This survey has been recasted in 2014 for the data concerning 2013 (review and update of the questionnaire, change of the unit surveyed [legal entity ( geographical establishment], improvement of the consistency between the survey and an administrative source of data on the activity of hospitals). Though the principles of the survey remain the sames, some concepts and some questions have changed: this can lead to break in series for year 2013.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- Other hospital beds correspond to beds for rehabilitation care.
- Data from 2013 it is geographical establishments for all sectors (public and private). That is why there is a break in series in the number of the total hospitals and the public hospitals.
Georgia
Since 2012 annual report collected form the hospitals facilities did not contain information related to the classification of hospital beds, only the total number is available.
Germany
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Hospital statistics (basic data of prevention or rehabilitation facilities); Statistisches Bundesamt, Fachserie 12, Reihe 6.1.2, table 2.1; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage:
- Other hospital beds comprise beds in prevention and rehabilitation facilities (HP.1.3) in all sectors (public, not-for-profit and private).
- Excluded are beds in general hospitals, mental health hospitals and beds in long-term nursing care facilities.
Greece
Data not available.
Hungary
Source of data: From 1994 Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP), Department of Financing Informatics (GYOGYINFOK), Hospital bed and patient turnover account. http://www.gyogyinfok.hu/.
Coverage: This includes the number of rehabilitation and chronic psychiatric beds in hospitals under contract with Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP).
Reference period: 31st December.
Break in time series:
- In 2007, the number of chronic inpatient beds in hospitals under contract with Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (OEP) increased significantly.
Iceland
Source of data: The Ministry of Health and Social Security (Reports on the activities of hospitals 1989-1995).
- 2007 onwards: The Ministry of Welfare.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage:
- 2007 onwards: Beds for rehabilitative care in hospitals (health care facilities with 24-hour access to a hospital physician) excluding rehabilitative care beds in psychiatric departments which are included with psychiatric care beds.
Break in time series:
- 2007: due to change in the coverage.
Ireland
Source of data:
- For 2006 onwards: Health Service Executive.
- For data up to and including 2005: Department of Health and Children.
Coverage:
- Refers to beds for rehabilitation in public HP1 hospitals only. Private hospitals are not included.
Break in time series:
- Break in series occurs in 2009. Up to 2009, other hospital beds refer to beds in non-acute hospitals not included elsewhere.
- From 1987 to 1996, figures refer to beds in other hospitals where the length of stay is greater than 18 days. From 1997, figures refer to beds in hospitals not included in either HSE network hospitals or long-stay hospitals.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Medical Institutions License Registry maintained by the Department of Medical Facilities and Equipment Licensing and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health.
Reference period: End of the year.
Coverage: Includes all licensed rehabilitation care beds in acute care, mental health and specialty hospitals. It does not include geriatrics rehabilitation beds and excludes beds in nursing and residential care facilities. * Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage:
- All public, not for-profit and private hospitals are registered.
- All other beds in hospitals (HP.1) not elsewhere classified.
- Inclusion: beds for rehabilitation (HC.2).
Kazakhstan
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Kyrgyzstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Database of hospital beds' utilization;
Reference period: Up to 1999: end of the year, from 2000: mid-year. Break in series: 2000: Change in reference period.
Lithuania
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments. Report “Health Statistics of Lithuania”, available from http://sic.hi.lt/html/en/hsl.htm.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of other beds includes rehabilitation beds in general and rehabilitation hospitals. As the number of other hospital beds includes rehabilitation beds, significant changes in the number of rehabilitation beds in 1998 was due to reorganization of few sanatoriums into rehabilitation hospitals and establishing rehabilitation departments in number of general hospitals. In 2001 two rehabilitation hospitals became sanatoriums again, one hospital was closed. Reorganization took few years. During this period the number of rehabilitation beds fluctuated. In 2011 few sanatoriums were incorporated into hospitals and the number of rehabilitation beds has increased significantly. Break in series: 1998, 2001.
Luxembourg
Source of data: National Health Insurance (CNS) - data included in the budget.
Reference period: Annual average.
Coverage:
- Rehabilitation and functional readaptation beds, geriatric rehabilitation and convalescence beds are included.
- The series concerning other beds has only been possible since 2004. The data presented refer to functional rehabilitation and readjustment beds and to geriatric rehabilitation beds in general hospitals (HP.1.1) and in specialised establishments which provide rehabilitative care (HP.1.3).
Malta
Source of data: Joint collation by Directorate for Health Information & Research, Health Care Services Standards, Health Division within Ministry for Energy and Health and Individual Institutions.
Reference period: end of the year
Coverage: Strict criteria according to definitions were used in collation of available hospital beds from 2005 onwards. This will explain the shift in numbers from other years. Other hospital beds include rehabilitation beds and respite beds. Changes in numbers of available beds for 2007 are mainly due to restructuring and changes in numbers of available beds with the "migration" of the main State general Hospital in Malta (St. Luke's Hospital) to the new "Mater Dei Hospital". The old State main General Hospital in Malta was closed down. However, a number of beds (155 in all) were retained as long term beds and as rehabilitation beds in Karen Grech Hospital within the grounds of the old main general hospital. The changes in numbers of available beds for 2008 reflect an ongoing process of restructuring within the Health Division of the Ministry for Social Policy and relicensing of healthcare establishments. 2012. An increase in the number of hospital beds was due to the addition of 1 privately owned rehabilitation hospital and the addition of beds in a publicly owned rehabilitation hospital.
Montenegro
Data not available.
Netherlands
Source of data:
- 1990-2000: Annual survey, Statistics Netherlands.
- 2001 onwards: Prismant.
Reference period:
- 1990-2000: Annual average.
- 2001 onwards: 1st January.
Estimation method: Data are estimated as the difference between “Total hospital beds” and the sum of “Curative care beds” and “Psychiatric care beds”.
Break in time series: 1994, 2001 and 2006 due to changes in the data source and coverage.
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway. Specialist Health Services. Annual data collection.
- See http://www.ssb.no/speshelse_en/.
Reference period: Annual average.
Poland
Source of data: The Ministry of Health, the Ministry of National Defense (until 2011), the Ministry of Interior and the Central Statistical Office.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- From 2003 onwards, other beds comprise beds for rehabilitation (HC.2) in sanatoria and rehabilitation sanatoria, including data from the Ministry of the Interior.
Break in time series:
- From 2008 onwards, rehabilitation wards of general hospitals and health resort hospitals (i.e. sanatorium hospitals) are included in this category.
Portugal
Source of data: Statistics Portugal - Hospital Survey.
Reference period: Average between the quarters.
Coverage:
- The Hospital Survey began in 1985. This survey covers the whole range of hospitals acting in Portugal: hospitals managed by the National Health Service (public hospitals with universal access), non-public state hospitals (military and prison) and private hospitals.
- Data include beds from alcoholic rehabilitation hospitals.
Romania
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: Beds in hospitals for neuro-psycho-motor rehabilitation, physics medical rehabilitation and balneology, paediatric rehabilitation, neurosis sanatoria resorts are included. For the period 1992-2004 the data on beds for rehabilitation were included in data on long-term beds Break in the series: 2005.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?47 «Information about network and activities of medical institutions", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
San Marino
Data not available
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National hospital register. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Reference period: 31. December.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center, regular statistical findings within the State Statistical Program. Annual report (MZ SR) 1-01 on bed fund in health care facilities in the SR.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Other hospital beds equal the number of beds in specialised units including rehabilitative care, balneology, and physiatrics.
Break in time series: 2005 - change of types of facilities resulting from legal changes in accordance with Act No 578/2004 on health care providers.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia , National Hospital Health Care Statistics Database. Reference: Annual average.
Spain
Source of data:
- Before 1996: National Statistics Institute and Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs. Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t15/p123&file=inebase&L=0.
- From 1996 to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care (ESCRI). http://www.msssi.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/estHospiInternado/inforAnual/homeESCRI.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: Annual average.
Sweden
Source of data:
- Before 2001: Federation of Swedish County Councils and The National Board of Health and Welfare, Basarsstatistik and Statistisk Arsbok for Landsting (several issues).
- From 2001: Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (earlier Federation of Swedish County Councils), Statistik om halso- och sjukvard samt regional utveckling. Verksamhet och ekonomi i landsting och regioner (several issues).
Reference period:
- Before 2001: 31st December.
- From 2001: annual average. As per 2001, the term average disposable beds is used.
Coverage:
- Hospital beds in so called primary care in distant areas of Sweden are included.
- Figures from 1973 to 1991 include both public and private beds. After 1992 the figures do not include private beds which are privately financed. There are about 8000 private beds which are not included after 1992. The private beds from 1973-1991 are reported under the category “Other hospital beds”, but it is not possible to know in which department they were used.
Break in time series: 1992 and 2001.
Switzerland
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel, hospital statistic; yearly census.
Estimation method: Until 2002 (included), extrapolation to correct for partial coverage of hospitals.
Tajikistan
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health-Skopje. Report for hospitals (3-21-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Turkey
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- Number of other hospital beds includes total number of beds in physical treatment and rehabilitation hospitals in the MoH, universities, the private sector and others (except for the Ministry of National Defence hospital beds until 2011).
Break in time series: MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Turkmenistan
Data Source: Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, the state statistical reporting forms and activities of the network of health facilities.
Reporting period: December 31st.
Coverage: Data provided by the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, without the
Inclusion of data from other ministries and departments.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 20 “report of a health care facility” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health care facilities reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Data not available. (In England, it is not possible to separate other hospital beds from curative care beds. Therefore, for consistency purposes, other hospital beds for the UK are included with curative care beds.)
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include facilities functioning within the system of the Ministry of Health only.