• Other health service providers employed by hospital, total number (Line chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 6690

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
Other health service providers employed by hospital, total number
Indicator code: hosp_empl.otherHealth
- Dentists
- Pharmacists
- Physiotherapists
- Psychologists
- Dieteticians
- Audiologists and speech therapists
- Laboratory assistants
- Other health professionals and associate professionals
Country notes
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Hospital Statistics.
Reference period: 31 December. Coverage and deviation from the definition:
- Head counts: Data include only physiotherapists, ergotherapists, dietitians, audiologists, speech therapists, laboratory assistants, and radiological assistants employed in hospitals (HP.1).
- FTE: Complete; data include the professions listed in “Head counts”, plus all other health professionals (e.g. pharmacists) employed in hospitals (HP.1).
Data not available.
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/
Reporting period: 31 December.
Source of data: SPF Sante publique - Service comptabilite des hopitaux.
Reference period: 31st December.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Data not available.
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st December Metadata information and comments: Other health professionals who worked on a basic labour contract in inpatient health establishments (HP.1).
Inclusion: Dentists (whit Physicians with maxillo-facial surgery speciality ), pharmacists, doctors’ assistants, laboratory assistants (clinical and X-ray), dental mechanics, sanitary inspectors, other medical specialists who worked on a basic labour contract in inpatient health establishments (HP.1). Physicians physiotherapists are included.
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Reference period: data on December 31
Coverage: public and private health sectors included
Data not available.
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic. Annual report on health personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Providers: Hospitals and specialised therapeutic institutes (excluding balneologic institutes, convalescence homes for children, institutes for long-term patients and hospices).
- Professions: dentists, pharmacists, paramedical workers with professional qualifications (excluding nurses and midwives), paramedical workers with professional and specialised qualifications, health care workers pursuing paramedical profession under professional supervision or direct guidance (excluding auxiliary nurses) and other professional workers in health care.
- Measurement units: head counts (employees on payroll and employers), FTE (employees on payroll, employers and contractual workers).
Source of data:
- Head counts: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
- FTE: The joint municipal payroll data office (KRL).
Reference period:
- Head counts: 31st December. Data show the number for January first the following year.
- FTE: yearly average.
Coverage: Only public section of health staff is included.
Note: FTE figures are based on the employee's job description, while head counts figures are based on employee’s education.
Source of data: Annual report, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics.
Reference period:
- 1980-2012: 31st of December.
- Since 2013: November.
Coverage: For 2006-2010 the head count distribution is made according to their main occupational activity.
Break in time series: 2012.
- From 2012, the number of practising nurses does not include radiology nurses. Radiology nurses (by job specification - same as radiology technicians) are classified in the category of other health service providers.
- From 2012 assistant physicians (students), assistant nurses (students), assistant midwives (students) and assistant radiology technicians (students) who have no medical speciality are included. Before 2012 these data were not collected.
Break in time series: 2013
- The data collection methodology was changed in 2013. Aggregated data collection was replaced with data collection on a personal basis. From 2013, the predominant (main) area of practice is based on an occupation with the highest workload.
Source of data: THL Health Personnel Statistics; National Institute for Health and Welfare. The data are based on the Employment Register kept by Statistics Finland.
Reference period: Data refer to information for the whole year.
Coverage: Data include caring personnel active in health care in Finland.
Break in time series: 2007 due to a change in the classification of economic activities.
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from the “Statistique Annuelle des Etablissements de sante (SAE)”.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- Data include the service contracts with non-employed medical staff.
Estimation method:
- From 2000 onwards, FFI-DIS pharmacists and odontologists have been estimated based on their ratios in total FFI-DIS over 1994-1999.
- Until 2008, fixed-term contracts were not counted in the head count nor in the FTE. Only the paid monthly average FTE is known. The FTE of fixed-term contracts are estimated by the paid monthly average FTE. Head counts cannot be estimated.
- FTE of self-employed medical personnel is not available, but the head count of the self-employed is known. The FTE are estimated from head counts by applying conventional calculating rules according to the working time of the self-employed.
Break in time series:
- From 2009 onwards, head counts of fixed-term contracts are also included for the non-medical staff. Previously only head counts of rolling contracts and holders and trainees of the public service were counted.
- From 2011 onwards, the number of persons employed in nursing structures or in nurses and midwives schools juridically depending of hospitals are not counted. From 2013, we count the number of geographical establishments for all the sectors (public and private). The number of hospital persons employed is clearly less impacted by the recast than the number of hospitals. Nonetheless, in this recast, the change of the unit surveyed results in a better quality of data collected in general (less double counting than before), so that it can improve marginally the quality of the number of persons employed
Source of data: Data are based on annual statistical reports collected from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors. and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Reference period: 31 December 2012
Coverage: The provided data cover all regions except separatist regions, Abkhazia and South Osetia. Data for those two regions are unavailable.
Note: 52% decrease in 2012 is due to the ongoing reform of the hospital sector.
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Health Care Personnel 2015; special calculation by the Federal Statistical Office; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data contain the number of other health professionals (e.g. dentists, physiotherapist, laboratory assistants, emergency medical assistants) working in hospitals including students who have not yet graduated.
- Included are health professionals employed in general hospitals, mental health hospitals and prevention and rehabilitation facilities in all sectors (public, not-for-profit and private).
- From 2000 onwards data from Health Care Personnel have been completely revised. Therefore comparable data before 2000 is not available.
Estimation method: The number of FTE is calculated by adding the full and appropriate proportion of part-time occupied employees. FTE are measured by the number of hours of a standard labour contract.
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.).
Reference period: 31st of December.
Coverage: The number of other health professionals employed by hospital includes: pharmacists, physics and radiophysics, psychologists, laboratory assistants, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, and dieticians.
Source of data: Hungarian Central Statistical Office. “Report on personnel of health service” per ICHA-HP categories: 1.1(General hospitals); 1.2 (Mental health and substance abuse hospitals); 1.3 (Specialty hospitals).
Reference period: 31st December.
Source of data: The Ministry of Finance.
Reference period: December each year.
Source of data: HR Management Information, Health Service Executive.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data refer to publicly funded acute hospitals only. All employees under the aegis of Acute Services are included. Other Staff taken to be Total Staff less those listed separately. Historical data has been restated to cover re-structured health service configuration. Some years' data may remain unchanged.
Source of data: The data are based on the Labour Force Survey which is conducted routinely by the Central Bureau of Statistics and includes persons who had worked for at least one hour during the week before the survey, for pay, profit or other consideration.
Coverage: "Other health service providers employed in hospital" includes dentists, pharmacists, other academic health professionals (as dieteticians, physiotherapists, audiologists and speech therapists and other therapists), laboratory assistants, CAM therapists and other health professionals and associate professionals.
Estimation method:
- The data are subject to variations due to sample errors and wide confidence intervals.
- Full-time equivalents (FTE) was measured by the number of hours actually worked by health personnel divided by the average hours worked in full-time jobs in Israel.
Break in time series:
- From January 2012, the Central Bureau of Statistics has made a transition from a quarterly system of measuring labour force characteristics to a new and improved system that better suits the latest international recommendations on employment and unemployment - Monthly Labour Force Survey. Therefore the 2012 data refer to the entire labour force (including the military service) and not to the civilian labour force, as it was before.
- In addition to the transition to a monthly survey, in 2012 a new Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities based on ISIC was implemented as well as a new Standard Classification of Occupations based on ISCO-08. The numbers for 2012 are still reported according to the previous classifications, but the numbers for 2013 are based on the new classifications. Sanitarians working in hospitals were included in "health care assistants" in the previous classification while according to the new classification they are included in "other health service providers" (explaining the strong increase in the number of "other health service providers" in 2013).
Further information: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_force_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf. http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications12/economic_activities11/pdf/e_print.pdf.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3836&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
- Data available for head counts only.
- Since 2003 data refer to public and private hospitals, including private hospitals not accredited by the National Health Service.
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Statistical Report.
Reference period: 31 December.
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data for all hospitals excluding nursing hospitals. Service contracts with non-employed health professionals are excluded.
Data not available.
Sources of the data: Data comes from the establishments themselves.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: For 2007, number of other health professionals employed by hospital, head count: includes 2 Other Health Professionals working on contract For 2009, the number of 859 other healthcare professionals, head count, includes 22 working on contract. Figures for 2010 onwards include contracted other healthcare professionals.
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/.
Reference period: December 31st.
Note: There is no data available for FTE.
Source of data: Statistics Netherlands.
- 1999-2002: survey;
- 2002-2005: Prismant survey;
- 2006 onwards: Annual reports social account, combined with BIG register and SSB data.
- 2012: Data based on BIG Register (register of (para)medical professions); SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register).
Break in time series: since 2010 including other staff. 2013: included in Other staff employed in hospitals
Estimation method:
- since 1999: The figures according to the annual reports social account have been distributed among 1) physicians (based on the BIG register) 2) nurses and midwives (based on the BIG register) 3) Health care assistants (based on LFS estimates for ISCO 5132) 4) other employees (up till 2010 further distribution was possible to other health service providers and other staff using the annual reports social account).
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Register-based statistics on employment of health-care personnel.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to economically active professionals.
- The figures provided give the number of practising personnel within HP1. There is no guarantee that these professionals actually work in patient care as data refer to education the individuals have rather than the job they hold within the HP structure.
- The health sector in Norway underwent a large reorganisation in 2001. Figures are therefore provided from 2002.
Break in time series: 2009. New calculation method.
Data not available.
Source of data: National Statistical Office - Hospitals Survey.
Reference period: 31st December.
- The Hospital Survey began in 1985. This survey covers the whole range of hospitals acting in Portugal: hospitals managed by the National Health Service (public hospitals with universal access), non-public state hospitals (military and prison) and private hospitals.
- Includes “technical diagnosis and therapeutic staff” and “senior health technician staff”.
- Information on full time equivalents is not available.
Break in time series:
- In 1999, a methodological change occurred in this survey. Information regarding qualified nurses and midwives, associate professional nurses and caring staff became available from then on. Therefore, there is a break in the series “Other health professionals employed by hospital” in 1999.
Republic of Moldova
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign health personnel are not included.
Source of data: 2000-2006: Ministry of Public Health. 2007: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: For the period 2000-2006 the data cover only Ministry of Health network. For 2007 Data cover public and private sector. Data from 2007 till 2009 refer to dentists, pharmacists, physiotherapists and other sanitary staff with high education level (biologists, chemists, psychologists etc). Since 2010 data refers to: dentists, pharmacists, physiotherapists and other sanitary staff with high education level (biologists, chemists, psychologists etc) and other than nurses and midwives sanitary staff (infant care personnel, sanitary technicians, laboratory assistants, registering clerks, masseur etc.) The number of physicians in hospitals is oscillating because some of these doctors are registered on integrated ambulatory hospital. Also, in hospitals are employed resident physicians whose number increases in some years and decreases in other years. Until 2010 the data for the private sector are collected centrally, from administrative sources (data from the Ministry of Health). Since 2010, NIS collected data through a Web application directly from hospitals. In 2010 several private hospitals were reported. In recent years, some of these private hospitals refused to report statistical data to the Ministry of Health. Break in series: 2007.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?30 «Information about medical organization", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
Note: Data comprise pharmacists and dentists.
San Marino
Data not available.
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: The method 3) For countries which do not have any detailed information on working hours has been used to convert head counts into FTE data.
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
- “Annual report S (MZ SR) 1 – 01 on network of health care providers” for data up to 2008.
- “Report on network of health care providers” since 2009.
Reference period: 31st December.
- Data are available for FTE hospital employment in Hospitals - HP1 (according to the recommendations and definitions following the SHA version 1.0.) in the territory of the Slovak Republic (i.e. general hospitals, specialty hospitals, sanatoriums - i.e. hospitals providing long-term care for the chronically ill and hospitals providing rehabilitation and related services to physically challenged or disabled people).
- There are no data available for head count.
- In year 2008, physiotherapists are excluded and are included in the indicator Health care assistants employed in hospitals.
Break in time series:
- 2008: Physiotherapists are excluded and are included in the indicator Health care assistants employed in hospitals.
- 2009: Data source changed from “Annual report S (MZ SR) 1 – 01 on network of health care providers” for years 2008 and earlier and “Report on network of health care providers”.
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia, National Health Care Providers Database. With this database, data on hours worked (FTE) and jobs (number of contracts) were not available.
Reference period: 31st December.
Source of data:
- Up to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care (ESCRI). http://www.msssi.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/estHospiInternado/inforAnual/homeESCRI.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: 31st December.
- All public and private hospitals in Spain are included.
- Other health professionals: includes another health staff (university degree or adequate diploma) working in the hospital (e.g. physiotherapists, psychologists, pharmacists, etc.).
- FTE data are not available.
Data not available.
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; hospital statistics; yearly census.
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health –Skopje. Report for hospitals (3-21-60)..
Reference period: 31st December.
Break in time series:
- 2004: Methodological change in inclusion and exclusion criteria was introduced in line with EUROSTAT in 2004.
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
- Other health service providers include: Surgery Technician, Anesthesia Technician, Biologist, Environmental Health Technician, Child Development Specialist, Dental Technician, Dietitian, Physical Therapy Technician, Physiotherapist, Emergency and First Aid Technician, Heart-Lung Pump Operation Technician, Laboratory Technician, Audiologist, Audiometric Technician, Orthopedic Technician, Pathological Anatomy Technician, Perfusion Pump Technician, prosthetic Technician, Psychologist, X-ray Technician, Health Physician, Health Officer of the war, Health Technician, Cytopathologist, Social Worker, Medical Secretary, Medical Technologist, Public Health Technician.
- Other health service providers employed in hospitals cover those in the MoH, universities and private sector.
- For 2010 and 2012 other sectors (other public establishments and local administrations) are included. MoND-affiliated facilities are not included until 2011.
- Data also include dentists and pharmacists working in public hospitals. For the private sector, data on dentists and pharmacists are available but there is no possibility to disaggregate salaried professionals from self-employed professionals. Hence dentists and pharmacists working in the private sector are excluded.
Break in time series:
- MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012.
Data not available.
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health. Reporting form 20 "Report of health care institutions” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: Starting from 2005 data on medical receptionists are excluded.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
United Kingdom
Data not available.
Data not available