• % of physicians working in hospitals, (Line chart)
  • % of physicians working in hospitals, (Boxplot chart)
Data set notes
European database on human and technical resources for health

Indicators: 250
Updated: 23 September 2016
Downloads: 4465

HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes
% of physicians working in hospitals,
Indicator code: perc.physicians.hospital

Percentage of physicians employed in hospitals, calculated as number of physicians employed in hospitals divided by total number of physicians, concept closes to practising.
Country notes
Albania
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source: Ministry of Health. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Ministry of Health.
Andorra
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: NA Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians. NA
Armenia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Centre and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: The data on foreign physicians licensed to practice and actively practicing in the country are not included because they are missing from the report forms.
Austria
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Hospital Statistics.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage:
- Head counts/FTE of physicians employed by hospitals (HP.1).
- FTE: Up to 2007, this figure is a combined figure of appr. 90 % FTE (in publicly financed hospitals) and 10 % head counts (in private for-profit hospitals; the latter have to report FTE since the year of 2008). Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Osterreichische Arztekammer - Vollerhebung / Austrian Medical Chamber - total of members.
Reference period: December/January (reference day varies).
Coverage:
- includes physicians in activity who are member of the Austrian Medical Chamber;
- includes the whole medical field (private practices, hospitals, etc.);
- includes interns ("Turnusarzte");
- excludes physicians without medical practice (in industry, administration, research...);
- excludes specific other categories such as dentists and stomatologists;
- excludes physicians working abroad and includes physicians who are citizens of a Member State.
Azerbaijan
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Department of Informatics and Statistics, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Reference period: data as of December 31. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Reference period: data as of December 31.
Belarus
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/
Reporting period: 31 December. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: National Statistics Committee of Belarus http://belstat.gov.by/; National Archives of the Republic of Belarus http://narb.by/.
Reporting period: 31 December
Deviation from definition: Data on foreign doctors are not included because this information is not available.
Break in time series: 2007, 2010 and 2011. Medical interns were included in this category during the years of 2007 to 2009 and in 2011. In other years they are included in the category "Professionally active physicians."
Belgium
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: SPF Sante publique - Service comptabilite des hopitaux.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Concerns only physicians employed by the hospitals (labour contract). Therefore, coverage does not include those working on a self-employed basis within the infrastructure of the hospital. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data:
- Since 1995: Institut National d'Assurance Maladie Invalidite, “Rapport Annuel”.
- Before 1995: Ministry of Social Affairs, Public Health and Environment, "Donnees statistiques concernant le corps medical, les dentistes, les veterinaires et les pharmaciens" (several issues).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Excludes physicians in training.
- Stomatologists are included in the number of physicians.
Break in time series:
- Data from1999: Number of physicians with a minimal volume of patient contacts.
- Data up to 1998: Number of physicians who carried out at least one reimbursed medical act during the year.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H, Human resources in hospital service in FB&H. Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska, Human resources in hospital service in Republica Srpska Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report organisation structure of health personnel.

Public Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report organisation structure of health personnel.
Bulgaria
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: All physicians (head counts) who worked on a basic labour contract in inpatient health establishments (HP.1). Physicians with maxillo-facial surgery speciality are excluded. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: National Statistical Institute, Exhaustive annual survey
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: All physicians (head counts) who worked on a basic labour contract in outpatient and inpatient establishments, as well as those who practice in other health establishments - centres for emergency medical care, centres for transfusion haematology, homes for medical and social care for children, Hygiene-epidemiological inspections and others. 2004-2012 data for practicing physicians are revised. The revision was done in order to provide harmonised data and physicians with maxillo-facial surgery speciality are excluded from the total number of practicing physicians. In accordance with Bulgarian’s legal framework, before 2004 this category (maxillo-facial surgery) did not exist.
Croatia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Reference period: data on December 31
Coverage: public and private health sectors included Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Coverage: Private medical practitioners have been included since 1993.
Deviation from the definition: maxillofacial surgeons are included up to 2008.
Break in time series: 2009.
Cyprus
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Annual survey conducted from the Statistical Service of Cyprus.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data on hospital manpower concern the public sector only. No data on hospital manpower available for the year 2000. Break in series: From 2011 onwards, included are the trainees, i.e. physicians who have completed their studies in medicine at university level (granted by adequate diploma) and who are licensed to practice and are attending a postgraduate internship for obtaining specialization but at the same time they are providing services in the hospital. No data on the trainees is available for previous years. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Statistical Service of Cyprus; Public Sector Administrative Sources and Pancyprian Medical Association for the Private Sector. Validity of the source: For the years 1985, 1987, 1995 and 2000 figures were obtained from the Census of Doctors, Dentists and Clinics.
Reference period: 31st December of the reference year
Czechia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: Czech Republic
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic. Annual report on health personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Providers: Hospitals and specialised therapeutic institutes (excluding balneologic institutes, convalescence homes for children, institutes for long-term patients and hospices).
- Measurement units: head counts (employees on payroll and employers), FTE (employees on payroll, employers and contractual workers). Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians. Czech Republic
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Registry of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Only employees on payroll are included.
- Until 1999, physicians working in other central organs not included. Since the year 2000 data covers physicians in all health services.
- Since 2003, excluded physicians working in Public Health Stations (administrative offices for public health protection and supervision).
- Until 2003, also included physicians working only in the sector of Education and not providing direct medical care to patients.
- Number of physicians working in the sector of Labour and Social Affairs only estimated for 2004.
Break in time series: 2000.
Denmark
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data:
- Head counts: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
- FTE: The joint municipal payroll data office (KRL).
Reference period:
- Head counts: 31st December. Data show the number for January first the following year.
- FTE: yearly average.
Coverage: Only public section of health staff is included.
Note: FTE figures are based on the employee's job description, while head counts figures are based on employee’s education. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Physicians who have a license to practice and whose status in the Central Personnel Register (CPR) is active, i.e. in the country (not dead or abroad); connected to HP1, HP2 or HP3 as either a) employed, b) employed, being on leave or c) employed, receiving sickness benefit.
- Dentists are not included.
Break in time series: 1992. Change in the data collection.
Estonia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Annual report, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics.
Reference period:
- 1980-2012: 31st of December.
- Since 2013: November.
Coverage: For 2006-2010 the head count distribution is made according to their main occupational activity.
Break in time series: 2013
- The data collection methodology was changed in 2013. Aggregated data collection was replaced with data collection on a personal basis. From 2013, the predominant (main) area of practice is based on an occupation with the highest workload. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data:
- Annual reports, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics. http://pxweb.tai.ee/esf/pxweb2008/Database_en/HCresources/05Personnel/05Personnel.asp.
- 1960-1984 data published by Statistics Estonia (http://pub.stat.ee/px-web.2001/I_Databas/Social_life/05Health/04Health_care_institutions/04Health_c are_institutions.asp).
Reference period:
- 1960-2012: 31st of December.
- Since 2013: November.
Coverage:
- Practising physicians who provide services directly to patients, all health care providers included.
- Since 1992, the number does not include medical staff working in research or other areas. The military area has been included since 2010.
- Since 1997, the number of physicians includes resident physicians and interns; before that time interns were not included.
Breaks in time series: 1985, 1992, 2005 and 2013.
- 1992: The types of institutions included have been changed over the period in question. Until 1991, the data correspond more to professionally active physicians (practising + working in health sector); from 1992 on they include practising only.
- Until 2004, the number of practising physicians was based on their last or main educational qualification (data not available by age group) and specialty.
- Since 2005, the head count distribution is made according to the main occupational activity (data not available by gender and age group).
- The data collection methodology was changed in 2013. Aggregated data collection was replaced with data collection on a personal basis. From 2013, the predominant (main) area of practice is based on an occupation with the highest workload.
Finland
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Register of the Finnish Medical Association which is updated by a yearly survey covering all physicians licensed to practice in Finland who are not retired until 2009. From 2010 onwards: Finnish Medical Association. Data from an annual survey: "Physicians’ Working Conditions and Health”.
Reference period: Mid-March. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. The Register of the Finnish Medical Association which is updated by a yearly survey covering all physicians licensed to practice in Finland who are not retired.
Reference period: Mid-March.
Coverage: Physicians are classified according to their main employment. Professionally active physicians include physicians with teaching or research as their main employment. However, these physicians are excluded from practising physicians (even though they may have part-time position as a practising physician). From 2009 onwards, information on practising physicians is estimated with the information from 2014 survey, according to which 91.5% of professionally active physicians are practising physicians. Includes physicians who are under 64 years old.
France
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Ministere de la Sante et des Sports - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES). Data are from the “Statistique Annuelle des Etablissements de sante (SAE)”.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- Data include self-employed physicians.
- FTE of self-employed medical personnel is not available, but the head count of these self-employed is known. The FTE are estimated from head counts by applying conventional calculating rules according to the working time of the self-employed.
Break in time series:
- From 2000 onwards, the “faisants fonction d’internes (FFI)” and “diplomes inter-universitaires de specialite (DIS)” are not available by specialty. Therefore, the medical FFI-DIS data have been estimated based on their ratios in the total number of FFI-DIS over 1994-1999. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Ministere du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Sante - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES), Sous-Direction de l'Observation de la Sante et de l'Assurance maladie, Bureau des Professions de sante.
- From 2011 (01/01/2012): RPPS (Repertoire partage des professionnels de sante), ASIP-SANTE RPPS. 2011 is the first year available for data referring to the concept of “practising physicians”.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer only to practising physicians, either self-employed (“liberaux”) or salaried.
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- All public and private hospitals and clinics are covered.
- Stomatologists and dentists are not included in the number of physicians.
- Interns and residents are not included.
- Doctors who do not provide direct care to patients and for all their activities are excluded.
Deviation from the definition: Interns and residents are not included.
Georgia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Data are based on annual statistical reports collected from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Reference period: 31 December 2012
Coverage: The provided data cover all regions except separatist regions, Abkhazia and South Osetia. Data for those two regions are unavailable. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Data are based on annual statistical reports from health establishments to the Ministry of Health and include both, public and private sectors and also facilities working under other Ministries, such as Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Defence.
Reference period: 31 December 2012
Coverage: The provided data cover all regions except separatist regions, Abkhazia and South Osetia. Data for those two regions are unavailable.
Germany
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Federal Statistical Office, Health Care Personnel 2015; special calculation by the Federal Statistical Office; http://www.destatis.de or http://www.gbe-bund.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data contain the number of physicians directly employed by a hospital.
- Included are physicians employed in general hospitals, mental health hospitals and prevention and rehabilitation facilities in all sectors (public, not-for-profit and private).
- From 2000 onwards data from Health Care Personnel have been completely revised. Therefore comparable data before 2000 is not available.
Estimation method: The number of FTE is calculated by adding the full and appropriate proportion of part-time occupied employees. FTE are measured by the number of hours of a standard labour contract. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: German Medical Association, Medical practitioner statistics; http://www.gbe-bund.de/ or http://www.baek.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data contain the number of physicians who are actively practising medicine in public and private institutions and provide services directly to patients (head-count data).
- Included are general practitioners, specialists, interns and resident physicians and foreign physicians licensed to practice and actively practising medicine in the country.
- The data exclude dentists, stomatologists as well as qualified physicians working abroad, working in administration, research and industry positions, unemployed and retired physicians.
- Excluded are students who have not yet graduated.
Greece
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.).
Reference period: 31st of December. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to professionally active physicians.
Source of data: Hygiene Divisions and Sections attached to prefectures, Athens Medical Association and Pireas Medical Association. Annual Doctors and Dentists survey, http://www.statistics.gr/portal/page/portal/ESYE/PAGE-themes?p_param=A2103.
Reference period: 31st December.
Deviation from the definition: Unemployed physicians are included.
Hungary
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Hungarian Central Statistical Office. “Report on personnel of health service” per ICHA-HP categories: 1.1(General hospitals); 1.2 (Mental health and substance abuse hospitals); 1.3 (Speciality hospitals).
Reference period: 31st December. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data:
- Up to 1999: Ministry of Health.
- In 2000 and 2001: Data are estimates from the National Institute for Strategic Health Research (ESKI) based on the operational registration of the Hungarian Medical Association.
- Between 2002 and 2006: Operational registration of the Hungarian Medical Association.
- From 2007: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Practising physicians (including residents) reported to the National Register of Physicians.
- From 1990: Includes specialists, GPs, family paediatricians, residents, and non-specialised physicians. The report is made according to the 1990 account of the Central Statistical Office “Number of active physicians by sex and specialisation.
Break in time series: 1980, 2000, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2008.
- For the years up to 1979, dentists are included under physicians; from 1980, dentists are not included in the physician series.
- From 2000 to 2006, the registry of physicians was prepared by the Hungarian Medical Association (MOK).
- The 2000 data are estimates from National Institute for Strategic Health Research (ESKI).
- In 2005, the Hungarian Medical Association (MOK) performed data cleaning in the database to identify more precisely practising physicians, deleting 3,000 persons due to retirement or death, and about 1,300 persons due to employment abroad or leaving the profession.
- From 2007, the Office of Health Authorisation and Administrative Procedures (EEKH) – unlike in the previous years – provided data not on the basis of last acquired specialisation, but according to the dominant specialisation practiced during medical work.
- In 2008, the Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures significantly revised the data in the registry by calling for refinement, according to the 1997. CLIV. Act.
Iceland
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: The Ministry of Finance.
Reference period: December each year. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data:
- 2003 and onwards: The Directorate of Health, The Register of Physicians.
- Until 2002: The Directorate of Health. Data from inpatient care institutions, health centres and The State Social Security Institute.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Includes those physicians who are 70 years old or younger with permanent residence and registered domicile in Iceland (Icelanders or foreigners).
- Excludes retired professionals and professionals working abroad.
- Practising physicians - may refer more to professionally active physicians, as these data include non-practising physicians (but this group of non-practising physicians is very small).
- May include a very small number of non-practising physicians.
- The peak in 2001 is due to “change of source and methodology”.
Break in time series: Break in series in 2005 is due to a revision of methodology. The methodology was altered in 2009 in such a way that registered domicile is now taken into account when counting the number of physicians, not only permanent residence. Figures for previous years, back to 2005, were revised accordingly.
Ireland
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: HR Management Information, Health Service Executive.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to publicly funded acute hospitals only. All employees under the aegis of Acute Services are included.
- Physicians taken to be Medical/Dental grade category excluding Dentists.

Historical data has been restated to cover re-structured health service configuration. Some years' data may remain unchanged. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Department of Health.
Reference period: end of December.
Coverage:
- The data covers the following:
- Family doctors (GPs) registered with the Irish College of General Practitioners - ICGP (plus an estimate of approximately 10% who are not registered with the ICGP). Also included are GPs in training.
- Consultant (specialist) doctors who work exclusively privately.
- A small number of non-consultant hospital doctors working privately. This is estimated from a Workforce Planning survey.
- Consultants and non-consultant hospital doctors working in the public health service.
- A small number of doctors working full-time in the Irish Prison Service.
- Data should be considered an estimate as there may be practising doctors working elsewhere in the health service not covered in the data. Also there may be some overlap amongst GPs in training and non-consultant hospital doctors working in the public health service.
Israel
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: The data are based on the Labour Force Survey which is conducted routinely by the Central Bureau of Statistics and includes persons who had worked for at least one hour during the week before the survey, for pay, profit or other consideration.
Estimation method:
- The data are subject to variations due to sample errors and wide confidence intervals.
- Full-time equivalents (FTE) was measured by the number of hours actually worked by health personnel divided by the average hours worked in full-time jobs in Israel.
Break in time series:
- From January 2012, the Central Bureau of Statistics has made a transition from a quarterly system of measuring labour force characteristics to a new and improved system that better suits the latest international recommendations on employment and unemployment - Monthly Labour Force Survey. Therefore the 2012 data refer to the entire labour force (including the military service) and not to the civilian labour force, as it was before.
- In addition to the transition to a monthly survey, in 2012 a new Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities based on ISIC was implemented as well as a new Standard Classification of Occupations based on ISCO-08. The numbers for 2012 are still reported according to the previous classifications, but the numbers for 2013 are based on the new classifications.
Further information: http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/labour_survey04/labour_force_survey/answer_question_e_2012.pdf. http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications12/economic_activities11/pdf/e_print.pdf.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: The data are based on the Labour Force Survey which is conducted routinely by the Central Bureau of Statistics and includes persons who had worked for at least one hour during the week before the survey, for pay, profit or other consideration. Occupation is determined by the type of work performed by the interviewed person at his place of work, without regard to what he studied if his work is not in that field. The classification of occupations is based on the classification of the International Labour Office (ILO): International Standard Classification of Occupations ISCO 88.
Coverage:
- Data may include interns who have not yet received a license but report themselves in the survey as working as physicians.
- The sample of practising physicians is relatively small and therefore the data are subject to large variations due to sample errors and wide confidence intervals. Any data analysis should be carried out with caution.
Estimation method: Moving average of three years (numbers for previous, current and next years) was made in order to diminish the fluctuations in the numbers. For example, the number of practising physicians in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997. The number for 2011 is an average of 2010-2012.
Break in time series:
- From January 2012, the Central Bureau of Statistics has made a transition from a quarterly system of measuring labour force characteristics to a new and improved system that better suits the latest international recommendations on employment and unemployment - Monthly Labour Force Survey. Therefore the 2012 (original) data refer to the entire labour force (including the military service) and not to the civilian labour force, as it was before.
- In addition to the transition to a monthly survey, in 2012 a new Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities based on ISIC was implemented as well as a new Standard Classification of Occupations based on ISCO-08. The (original) numbers for 201
Italy
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Since 2003: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3836&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
Coverage:
- Data available for head counts only.
- Since 2003 data refer to public and private hospitals, including private hospitals not accredited by the National Health Service. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
a) For General practitioners and General paediatricians practising for the National Health System:
Source of data: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics- Office of Statistics. Publication: “Attivita gestionali ed economiche delle ASL e Aziende ospedaliere”, Annuario Statistico del Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (published annually). Publication available on the web site of the Ministry of Health. http://www.stage.ministerosalute.it/portale/temi/p2_6.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=3835&area=statisticheSS N&menu=pubb.
Reference period: 1st January.
Coverage: Total survey on all general practitioners and paediatricians practising for the National Health System. General practitioners provide the first level care to all citizens aged 14 years old and over (consultations, visits, prescription of medicines, and referrals for laboratory tests or specialist visits).
b) For Specialized physicians, Other generalist medical practitioners and General paediatricians not practicing for the National Health System:
Source of data: ISTAT provides data produced by CEGEDIM ITALIA - One Key database. http://crm.cegedim.com/solutions/data/data-overview/Pages/onekey-database.aspx.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data refer to practising physicians.
Kazakhstan
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Reference period: 31December.
Kyrgyzstan
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: NA Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians. NA
Latvia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Statistical Report.
Reference period: 31 December. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data:
- Since 2005: Health Inspectorate of Latvia; Medical Persons' Register.
- 2004 and earlier: Health Statistics and Medical Technologies State Agency; Statistical Report No.17 "Report About Medical Staff".
Reference period: 31 December. Break in series: 2005: change in data source.
Lithuania
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: Data for all hospitals excluding nursing hospitals. Service contracts with non-employed health professionals are excluded. Full time equivalents data is higher than head count data. Very often in Lithuania medical specialists (especially physicians) and some other employees are working more than 1 staff (1.25 or
1.5). Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments. Report “Health Statistics of Lithuania”, available from http://sic.hi.lt/html/en/hsl.htm.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: The number of practising physicians at the end of the year includes all professionally active physicians working in health system, excluding physicians working in administration, health education and research, hygiene physicians, epidemiologists. Interns and resident physicians are included.
Luxembourg
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: Data not available. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Stomatologists and dental surgeons are included. Until 1999:
- Includes physicians working in administration and research.
- Retired physicians are not included. However, the end of activity of self-employed physicians is often noted with some time lag. From 2000:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Doctors who do not work in direct contact with patients (laboratories, administration, R&D, etc) are excluded, and interns are included.
Break in time series: 2000.
Malta
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: Sources of the data: Data comes from the establishments themselves.
Reference period: 31st December
Coverage: For 2007, number of physicians employed by hospital, head count: includes 65 physicians working on contract. For 2009, the figure of 636, head count, includes 7 working on contract. Figures for 2010 onwards include physicians working on contract Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Data is compiled at the Directorate for Health Information and Research from data on the Medical Council Register.
Reference period: 31st December. Break in Series: Data on physicians from 2011 onwards had been updated by the Medical Council and more accurate figures have been provided.
Monaco
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: NA Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians. NA
Montenegro
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/.
Reference period: December 31st.
Note: There is no data available for FTE. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/
Reference period: December 31st.
Coverage: Only physicians from public sector.
Deviation from the definition: From 2005 till 2011 . specialists (social medicine, health statistics, and managers) and residents (social medicine, health statistics, and managers) , are excluded
Netherlands
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Statistics Netherlands.
- 1999-2002: survey;
- 2002-2005: Prismant survey;
- 2006 onwards: Annual reports social account.
- 2012: Data based on BIG Register (register of (para)medical professions); SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register).
Estimation method:
- since 1999: The figures according to the annual reports social account have been distributed among 1) physicians (based on the BIG register) 2) nurses and midwives (based on the BIG register) 3) Health care assistants (based on LFS estimates for ISCO 5132) 4) other employees (up till 2010 further distribution was possible to other health service providers and other staff using the annual reports social account). Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to professionally active physicians.
Source of data: Data based on BIG register (register of (para)medical professions) and SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register).
Coverage:
- Data refer to physicians who:
- are licensed to practice;
- live and work in the Netherlands;
- for employees: are active in a health- or social care sector or a health-care related sector; or
- for self-employed specialists: are economically active (their license requires that they have been practising – not necessarily fulltime – in the past five years).
- List of NACE codes used for health- or social care and health-care related sectors: NACE v1: 851, 853, 2441, 2442, 331, 5146, 5231, 5232, 5248.2 (opticians), 6022 (part of transport for healthcare), 6602.3, 6602.4 (pension fund part for health care occupations), 6603 (part of health insurance funds and companies), 7310.3 (medical and pharmacological research and development), 745 (temporary work companies; very important for nurses, caring personnel and physiotherapists), 7522 (Ministry of Defense, including military hospital), 7523.2 (part of medical personnel for prisons, including prison hospital), 753 (compulsory health care insurance, operations for exceptional medical expenses act), 8022, 8030, 9304, 9305.
- NACE v2: 86, 87, 88, 212, 266, 325, 4646, 4773, 4774, 4778.2, 4932, 6530.3, 6530.9, 6512, 7211.2 + 7219.3 (R&D for health, medical products or pharmaceutical processes), 782, (8412 will be included when NACE v2 is available in SSB; Regulation of the activities of providing health care, education, cultural services and other social services, excluding social security), 8422, 8423.2, 843, 8532, 854, 9313, 9609.
North Macedonia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Institute for Public Health –Skopje. Report for hospitals (3-21-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Break in time series:
- 2007: Methodological change in inclusion and exclusion criteria was introduced in line with EUROSTAT in 2007. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to professionally active physicians.
Source of data: Institute for Public Health-Skopje. Report for health staff in health sector (3-00-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: From 2006 data includes both, public and private sectors. Up until 2005, the data sets for private sector are incomplete, because private sector physicians were not sending reports regularly to the relevant organisations. Since 2006, more strict controls for regular reporting were put into practice by the Ministry of Health, which resulted in very accurate report sending and vastly improved evidence of health personnel. Also, the new software from 2006 comprises private sector physicians. Private sector is not included in year 2005 and earlier. Break in the series: 2006, stricter reinforcement of reporting with inclusion of private sector.
Norway
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Statistics Norway; Register-based statistics on employment of health-care personnel.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to economically active professionals.
Coverage:
- The figures provided give the number of practising personnel within HP1. There is no guarantee that these professionals actually work in patient care as data refer to education the individuals have rather than the job they hold within the HP structure.
- The health sector in Norway underwent a large reorganisation in 2001. Figures are therefore provided from 2002.
Break in time series: 2009. New calculation method. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Statistics Norway. Statistics on health-care personnel. See www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
- From 2002: Administrative registers.
- Earlier years: The Norwegian Medical Association.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Coverage:
- 1991-1994 data cover practising physicians under 70 years old.
- 1994-2001 data cover practising physicians under 67 years old.
- 2002-2008 data include all personnel within HP1-HP3.
- 2009-2012: Because of national registration and quality, it is also chosen to include physicians in HP4.
- Retired professionals and professionals working abroad are excluded and foreign professionals are included. Specialists in dental surgery are excluded.
Break in time series:
- 2002 due to change in source.
- 2009: Because of national registration and quality, it is also chosen to include physicians in HP4.
Poland
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Ministry of Health.
Coverage: Excludes physicians employed in hospitals founded by the Ministry of Interior and by the Ministry of National Defence. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence and Central Statistical Office.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Physicians are assigned to practising or professionally active physicians based on the primary workplace.
- Since 2003 data from the Ministry of National Defence and the Ministry of Interior are included.
- Since 2004 teaching and administration staff is excluded.
- Since 2005 physicians with the primary work place being private medical offices, stationary social assistance facilities and nursing homes are included.
- Physicians working in prisons are excluded.
Break in time series:
-2003, 2004, and 2005. See coverage notes above for description.
Portugal
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: National Statistical Office - Survey on Hospitals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- The Hospital Survey began in 1985. This survey covers the whole range of hospitals acting in Portugal: hospitals managed by the National Health Service (public hospitals with universal access), non-public state hospitals (military and prison) and private hospitals.
- Includes all physicians employed by hospital.
- Information on full time equivalents is not available. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to licensed physicians.
Source of data: Statistics Portugal and the Portuguese Medical Association. Series available at www.ine.pt [Medicos (N.?) por Local de residencia; Anual].
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Includes all physicians registered in the Portuguese Medical Association at the time of data collection, practising or not practising medicine.
- Includes non-practising physicians, retired professionals, professionals working abroad (if their declared residence is in Portugal), nationals and foreigners practicing in Portugal.
- Includes qualified physicians practising in hospitals and official clinics.
- Includes physicians working in private ambulatory health establishments, including private cabinets.
- Includes all physicians registered in the Portuguese Medical Association on 31st December of the reference year (non-specialised physicians and specialised physicians).
- The specialties Stomatology and Maxillo-facial surgery are not included here.
- Physicians with a declared residence abroad are also not included.
Republic of Moldova
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign health personnel are not included. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, National Centre for Health Management, Annual statistical report N17 “On staff and cadres of health institutions”. http://cnms.md/areas/statistics/anyar/.
Reference period: Data as of December 31.
Coverage: Data exclude Transnistria.
Deviation from the definition: Foreign physicians are not included. Interns and residents are not included.
Romania
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: 2000-2006: Ministry of Public Health. 2007: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: For the period 2000-2006 the data cover only Ministry of Health network. For 2007 data cover public and private sector. Break in the series: 2007. The number of physicians in hospitals is oscillating because some of these doctors are registered on integrated ambulatory hospital. Also, in hospitals are employed resident physicians whose number increases in some years, and decreases in other years. Until 2010 the data for the private sector are collected centrally, from administrative sources (data from the Ministry of Health). Since 2010, NIS collected data through a Web application directly from hospitals. In 2010 several private hospitals were reported. In recent years, some of these private hospitals refused to report statistical data to the Ministry of Health. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: National Institute of Statistics, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage: The data cover all sanitary physicians from public and private sector.
- Physicians (ISCO/COR 2221) are defined as the persons who have completed studies in medicine at the university level and who are licensed to practice. Physicians’ tasks include: medical or surgical treatment for diagnosed illness of patients, conducting medical examination, making diagnosis and giving treatment diagnosed illnesses, disorders or injuries, establish curative and preventive medical measurement, relished reports and participate to scientific communication in medical field.
- The physicians who work in education field as teachers and physicians from health insurance field are not included as practising physicians. It was impossible to exclude physicians who have administrative function in health units because separate registrations do not exist.
- Were excluded from physicians: students, unemployed physicians in health field, retirement physicians, and physicians working abroad, physicians working in sales field even if they work in medical sales (ex. medical drugs).
- Until 2007 physicians working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with patients could not be totally excluded.
Russian Federation
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?30 «Information about medical organization", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?17 «Information about the medical and pharmaceutical personnel", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: Interns and resident physicians are not included.
San Marino
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: Data not available. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Human Resources Office at the Social Security Institute.
Coverage: Data include only public sector’ health professionals.
Serbia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: The method 3) For countries which do not have any detailed information on working hours has been used to convert head counts into FTE data. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to professionally active physicians.
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Slovakia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
- “Annual report S (MZ SR) 1 – 01 on network of health care providers” for data up to 2008.
- “Report on network of health care providers” since 2009.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data are available for FTE hospital employment in Hospitals - HP1 (according to the recommendations and definitions following the SHA version 1.0.) in the territory of the Slovak Republic (i.e. general hospitals, specialty hospitals, sanatoriums - i.e. hospitals providing long-term care for chronically ill and hospitals providing rehabilitation and related services to physically challenged or disabled people).
- There are no data available for head count.
Break in time series:
- 2009: Data source changed from “Annual report S (MZ SR) 1 – 01 on network of health care providers” for years 2008 and earlier to “Report on network of health care providers”. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: National Health Information Center.
- Data are provided from the Register of Health Professionals. Recent data available only for 2007. The New Register of Health Professionals was introduced for operation on 31st December. 2007. Update of the Register is not made every year, thus data for practising physicians for 2005, 2006 and 2008–2013 are not available (selection of the data is not possible).
Reference period: 31st December.
Slovenia
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia, National Health Care Providers Database. With this database, data on hours worked (FTE) and jobs (number of contracts) were not available.
Reference period: 31st December. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Practising physicians are those working in the health-care sector (primary, secondary and tertiary care), including public health institutes and health insurance funds.
- The National Health Care Providers Database is a registry with total (100 %) coverage of health workers.
Spain
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data:
- Up to 2009: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Statistics on Health Establishments Providing Inpatient Care (ESCRI). http://www.msssi.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/estHospiInternado/inforAnual/homeESCRI.htm.
- Since 2010: Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equity from Specialised Care Information System (Sistema de Informacion de Atencion Especializada - SIAE).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- All public and private hospitals in Spain are included.
- Number of physicians employed by hospital: doctors in training (interns and resident) are included.
- FTE data are not available. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE). Economically Active Population Survey (several issues). http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t22/e308_mnu&file=inebase&N=&L=0.
Reference period: Annual average. Three-year moving averages (e.g. data reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997).
Coverage:
- Up to 2010, the data include "physicians and odontologists" from the National Occupations Classification (CNO-94 Spain, code 212) on 3 digit level. The information on 4 digit level is not available. The CNO-94 code 212 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88 codes 2221 (medical doctors) and 2222 (dentists). It is not possible to separate "physicians and odontologists" on 3 digit level.
- From 2011 onwards the data are classified according to CNO-11 Spain, code 211. The CNO-11 code 211 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-08 code 221 (medical doctors). Dentists are not included in the ‘practising’ figures since 2011.
- The ‘Practising’ data correspond to physicians whose activity (NACE) is within the health sector. The number of practising physicians was obtained by calculating the number of physicians employed in the health sector according to NACE rev.2 (chapter Q) since 2009, and similarly with NACE Rev.1 and NACE Rev.1.1 before 2009.
- Medical interns/residents are included in the data on health employment if they worked at least one hour in return for remuneration during the week prior to the interview (Survey reference week).
- Data analysis over time should be carried out with caution. Data are obtained from a survey and fluctuations in the data can occur for a number of reasons, one of them being the sampling errors. These variations can lead to false assumptions about trends. We advise users of time series data to carefully explore the relevant issues before drawing any conclusions about the reasons for year-on-year changes.
- During the first quarter of 2005 various changes have been introduced into the Economically Active Population Survey:
1. New variables have been included in accordance with Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Communities) requirements, set forth in Regulation 2257/2003.
2. A centralised procedure has been implemented for the process of the telephone interviews.
3. With the goal of further standardising the survey process, the questions of the questionnaire have been reformulated.
Deviation from the definition: Data include dentists until 2010.
Estimation method: In 2014, data series have been updated with Spanish population figures imported from Census 2011 and recalculated by using three-year moving averages in order to reduce the large year-to-year fluctuations in data derived from the LFS. The number reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997; the number for 2012 is an average of 2011-2013.
Sweden
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: Data not available. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Physicians include all persons with a Swedish physician’s license and pre-licensed physicians employed within the health-care sector.
- 100% coverage.
Switzerland
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; hospital statistics; yearly census.
Coverage: There are a large number of self-employed physicians working in hospitals without being employed, leading to a severe underestimation of medical attendance in hospitals.
Estimation method: Until 2009, the hospital employment estimate was made with data on professions from 75% of hospitals.
Break in time series: Since 2010, hospital statistics have been revised; no estimation needed. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; Swiss Medical Association (FMH), Bern; medical statistics of physicians; yearly census.
Tajikistan
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals: NA Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians. NA
Turkey
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- Physicians in the MoH, universities, and the private sector are included.
- Physicians acting as managers in the MoH, University and private sector are included.
- For 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2012, other sectors (other public establishments and local administrations) are included. MoND-affiliated facilities are not included until 2011.
Break in time series:
- MoND-affiliated facilities are included since 2012. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to professionally active physicians.
Source of data:
- From 2000 onwards: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
- Up to 1999: Health Statistics Yearbook - Ministry of Health.
Coverage:
- All sectors (Ministry of Health, University, Private and Other) are included.
- Others (Other public establishments and local administrations) have been included since 2006. MoND-affiliated facilities are not included until 2011.
- Practitioners who are retired or work abroad are not included. However, practitioners acting as managers are included.
Break in time series:
- MoND-affiliated facilities have been included since 2012.
Turkmenistan
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to professionally active physicians.
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included.
Ukraine
Metadata for physicians employed in hospitals:
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health. Reporting form 20 "Report of health care institutions” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete. Metadata for phyisicians, concept closest to practising: Data refers to practising physicians.
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 17 “Health employment” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and