European Health Information Gateway

European Health Information Gateway

% of physicians, both sexes, younger than 35 years

Full name:
% of physicians, both sexes, younger than 35 years
Unit:
%
Type of measure:
Population-weighted country group average, Proportion
Visualizations:
Data source:
European database on human and technical resources for health (HlthRes-DB)
Data source notes:
HlthRes-DB provides a wide range of statistics on human and technical resources for health and offers data on non-monetary health care resources collected through the joint work of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO/Europe. It contains nearly 200 indicators on human and technical resources for health.

Human resources indicators: Indicators include the number and density of a wide range of health personnel (such as physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists and health care assistants), according to three different concepts (those practising, professionally active and licensed to practice). Information on employment in hospitals and numbers of medical and other graduates is also available.

Technical resources data: Data include the number and density of hospitals and hospital beds, stratified by ownership of facility (public, non-profit-making private and for-profit private), in addition to the number of beds for long-term care.

HlthRes-DB also contains indicators on the availability of the following medical equipment: computed tomography (CT) scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, gamma cameras, digital subtraction angiography units, mammographs, radiation therapy equipment and lithotriptors.

Coverage: HlthRes-DB contains data from the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region. To be updated yearly, usually in late summer, it is currently available in English and Russian.

More information: http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-database-on-human-and-technical-resources-for-health-hlthres-db
Indicator notes:
% of physicians, both sexes, younger than 35 years
Indicator code: phys.lt35.t.perc This indicator shares the definition with the parent indicator "Physicians, both sexes, all ages".

Age groups include less than 35, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65+, for total, female and male physicians.

The breakdown by age and gender should be provided for practising physicians. (If not possible, the data can be reported for professionally active physicians or physicians licensed to practise).
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.
Country notes:
Albania
Data not available.
Armenia
Source of data: Republican Research and Information Health Center and the National Statistic Service of the Republic of Armenia, Report form of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia ? 17 “Health employment”, http://healthinfo.am/Statistical%20Report.htm, Statistical book, Armenia, English version (zip) 2009.
Reference period: 31 December
Coverage: Only data on physicians by gender are covered.
Note: Data on physicians by age are not available. The data by gender is provided for professionally active physicians.
Austria
Source of data: Osterreichische Arztekammer - Vollerhebung / Austrian Medical Chamber - total of members.
Reference period: December/January (reference day varies).
Coverage:
- includes physicians in activity who are member of the Austrian Medical Chamber;
- includes the whole medical field (private practices, hospitals, etc.);
- includes interns ("Turnusarzte");
- excludes physicians without medical practice (in industry, administration, research,...);
- excludes specific other categories such as dentists and stomatologists;
- excludes physicians working abroad and includes physicians who are citizens of a Member State.
Break in time series: From 2013 on even physicians aged 65 years or more who run their private practice with only few patients and below a considerable income limit have to be registered at the Austrian Medical Chamber – before 2013 this was not necessary.
Azerbaijan
Data not available.
Belarus
Source of data: Ministry of Health.
Reporting period: 31 December
Coverage: Excludes doctors of the private sector. Therefore, there are discrepancies between the total number of practicing physicians in the table "Doctors" and the total number of physicians listed in the table "Physicians by age and gender."
Deviation from the definition: In the age bracket 55-64, physicians aged 56- 60 are included. Whilst for the age bracket of 65+, the employees 61+ are included. Data on foreign doctors are not included because this data is not available.
Belgium
Source of data: Institut National d'Assurance Maladie Invalidite, “Rapport Annuel”.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Excludes physicians in training.
- Stomatologists are included in the number of physicians.
- Data represent the number of physicians with a minimal volume of patient contacts.
- There are sometimes small differences between the total number of practising physicians and the data by age group and gender. This is due to lacking information on age and gender for some physicians.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source: Public Health Institute of FB&H - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in FB&HPublic Health Institute of Republica Srpska - Annual report health personnel with university degree by specialization and sex in Republica Srpska
Bulgaria
Data not available.
Croatia
Source of data: Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Health Manpower Register
Estimation method: The division between age groups '55-64 years' and '65 and over' is not possible up to 2008. In 2010, we have new informatics application operating the data base of Health Manpower Register and the division by preferred age groups is possible.
Deviation from the definition: maxillofacial surgeons are included up to 2008.
Break in time series: 2009.
Cyprus
Source of data: Statistical Service of Cyprus, Census of Doctors, Dentists and Clinics 1995 and 2000.
Reference period: 31st December.
Estimation method: Data available only for Census years ("Census of Doctors, Dentists and Clinics" 1995, 2000). For year 1995, the total of age-groups includes 303 physicians with unspecified age, whereas for year 2000 the total of age-groups includes 106 persons with unspecified age.
Czechia
Source of data: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic; Registry of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Only employees on payroll are included.
- Until 1999, physicians working in other central organs not included. Since the year 2000 data covers physicians in all health services.
- Since 2003, excluded physicians working in Public Health Stations (administrative offices for public health protection and supervision).
- Until 2003, also included physicians working only in the sector of Education and not providing direct medical care to patients.
- Number of physicians working in the sector of Labour and Social Affairs only estimated for 2004.
Break in time series: 2000.
Denmark
Source of data: Statens Serum Institut, Labour Register for Health Personnel.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Physicians who have a license to practice and whose status in the Central Personnel Register (CPR) is active (not dead or abroad), i.e. in the country; a) employed, b) employed, being on leave or c) employed, receiving sickness benefit.
- Dentists are not included.
Break in time series: 1992. Change in the data collection.
Estonia
Source of data:
- Annual reports, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics (until 2006).
- Registry of Health Care Professionals, Health Board (licensed to practice since 2007).
Reference period:
- Until 2006: 31st of December.
- Since 2007: January of the following year.
Coverage:
- Until 2006, the number of practising physicians by gender was based on their last or main educational qualification. The number does not include medical staff working in research or other areas. The military area has been included since 2010.
- Since 2007, the number of physicians licensed to practice presents overall potential, not persons by the last obtained speciality.
- Data not available by age group for 1998-2006.
Break in time series: 2007
- Data up to 2006 refer to practising physicians; data from 2007 on refer to physicians licensed to practice.
Estimation method: The total number of physicians for 1998-2001 has been corrected according to the total number of practicing physicians and therefore the numbers of male and female physicians were estimated on the basis of previous gender percentage distribution. For the years 2002 and 2004-2006 the original data was partial or missing, therefore trend estimation is used for the numbers of male and female physicians.
Finland
1) Until 2009
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Register of Finnish Medical Association which is updated by a yearly survey covering all physicians licensed to practice in Finland who are not retired.
Reference period: Mid-March.
Coverage: Data refer to professionally active. Includes physicians who are under 64 years old. 2) For year 2010
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Data from a survey: "Physicians’ Working Conditions and Health” 2010 survey.
Reference period: End of year.
Coverage: Survey for 7000 physicians, response rate 54 %. The data were weighted according to sex, age group and specialisation to represent all physicians under 70 years old who are licensed to practice and living in Finland. These data concern professionally active physicians under 65 years old.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians. 3) 2011
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Data from a survey: "Finnish Medical Association Labour Market Survey 2012”.
Reference period: March 2012.
Coverage: The survey population consisted of physicians aged under 70 years old, resident in Finland and having a registered e-mail address in the Finnish Medical Association’s register. The survey was carried out electronically in March 2012.An e-mail invitation was sent to 18701 physicians. A total of 5660 physicians responded. The data were weighted according to sex, age group and specialisation to represent all physicians under 70 years old who are licensed to practice and living in Finland. These data concern professionally active physicians under 65 years old.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians. 4) 2012
Source of data: Finnish Medical Association. Data from a survey: "Finnish Medical Association Labour Market Survey 2013”.
Reference period: March 2013.
Coverage: The survey population consisted of physicians aged under 70 years old, resident in Finland and having a registered e-mail address in the Finnish Medical Association’s register. The survey was carried out electronically in March 2013.An e-mail invitation was sent to 19 212 physicians. A total of 5 076 physicians responded. The data were weighted according to sex, age group and specialisation to represent all physicians under 70 years old who are licensed to practice and living in Finland. These data concern professionally active physicians under 65 years old.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians.
France
Source of data: Ministere du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Sante - Direction de la Recherche, des Etudes, de l'Evaluation et des Statistiques (DREES), Sous-Direction de l'Observation de la Sante et de l'Assurance maladie, Bureau des Professions de sante.
- Until 2010 (01/01/2011): Repertoire ADELI (DREES).
- From 2011 (01/01/2012): RPPS (Repertoire partage des professionnels de sante), ASIP-SANTE RPPS.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data refer to metropolitan France and D.O.M. (overseas departments).
- All public and private hospitals and clinics are covered.
- Stomatologists and dentists are not included in the number of physicians.
- Interns and residents are not included.
Deviation from the definition:
- The data refer to active physicians.
- Interns and residents are not included.
Break in time series:
- In 2009 (01/01/2010), there is a break in the series for physicians because of a change in the statistical methodology. Therefore the evolution between 2008 and 2009 must not be interpreted as a decrease in the number of professionals. (The change in methodology had an impact of about -1.3% on the number of doctors in metropolitan France in 2009).
- In 2011 (01/01/2012), there is a second break in the series because of the change in the data source (RPPS since 2011).
Georgia
Health statistics do not contain age and sex distribution.
Germany
Source of data: German Medical Association, Medical practitioner statistics; http://www.gbe-bund.de or http://www.baek.de.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Data contain the number of physicians who are actively practising medicine in public and private institutions and provide services directly to patients (head-count data).
- Included are general practitioners, specialists, interns and resident physicians, and foreign physicians licensed to practice and actively practising medicine in the country.
- The data exclude dentists, stomatologists, qualified physicians working abroad, working in administration, research and industry positions, unemployed and retired physicians.
- Excluded are students who have not yet graduated.
Deviation from the definition:
- The delivered data refers to German demarcation of age, which is as follows: less than 35 years old = less than 35 years old, between 35 and 44 years old = between 35 and 39 years old, between 45 and 54 years old = between 40 and 49 years old, between 55 and 64 years old = between 50 and 65 years old, 65 years old and over = 66 years old and over.
Greece
Source of data: Hygiene Divisions and Sections attached to prefectures, Athens Medical Association and Pireas Medical Association. Annual Doctors and Dentists survey, http://www.statistics.gr/portal/page/portal/ESYE/PAGE-themes?p_param=A2103.
Reference period: 31st December.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians. Unemployed physicians are included
Hungary
Source of data:
- Up to 1999: Ministry of Health.
- Between 2000 and 2001: Data are estimates from National Institute for Strategic Health Research (ESKI) based on the operational registration of the Hungarian Medical Association.
- Between 2002 and 2006: Operational registration of the Hungarian Medical Association.
- From 2007: Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures.
Reference period: 31st December.
Deviation from the definition: Data from 1995 to 2003 included the number of practicing dentists as well. It is not possible to filter out the dentists from the different age groups. Break in the series: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008.
- In 2000, change of data source from the Ministry of Health to estimates based on values obtained through the Hungarian Medical Association in the years 2002-2006.
- In 2002: change of data source to the Hungarian Medical Association.
- In 2004: Since 2004, practicing dentists are excluded and only practicing physicians are reported.
- In 2005, the Hungarian Medical Association (MOK) performed data cleaning in the database to identify more precisely practising physicians, deleting 3,000 persons due to retirement or death and about 1,300 persons due to employment abroad or leaving the profession.
- From 2007, the Office of Health Authorization and Administrative Procedures (EEKH) – unlike in the previous years – provided data not on the basis of last acquired specialisation, but according to the dominant specialisation practiced during medical work.
- In 2008, the Office of Health Care Authorisation and Administrative Procedures significantly revised the data in the registry by calling for refinement, according to the 1997. CLIV. Act.
Iceland
Source of data:
- 2003 and onwards: The Directorate of Health, The Register of Physicians.
- Until 2002: The Directorate of Health. Data from inpatient care institutions, health centres and The State Social Security Institute.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Includes those physicians who are 70 years old or younger with permanent residence and registered domicile in Iceland (Icelanders or foreigners).
- Excludes retired professionals and professionals working abroad.
- May include a very small number of non-practising physicians.
Break in time series: Break in series in 2005 due to revision of methodology. The methodology was altered in 2009 in such a way that registered domicile is now taken into account when counting the number of physicians, not only permanent residence. Figures for previous years, back to 2005, were revised accordingly.
Ireland
Source of data: Medical Council of Ireland.
Reference period: Since 2006, figures refer to 31st December.
Coverage: From 2014: data refer to doctors registered with the Medical Council of Ireland who, in the last 12 months, have declared themselves active and who have worked in Ireland either full or part-time.
- Up to 2013, figures refer to all persons (including those abroad from 2006 on) who have entered and maintained their name as fully registered doctors in the Register of Medical Practitioners, regardless of the area in which they are engaged or whether or not they are practising medicine. Physicians licensed refer to those registered by the Medical Council of Ireland. Registration is a pre-requisite for practice in Ireland. It is not possible to exclude physicians working in administration, research or other posts that exclude direct contact with patients. These physicians can still be registered as a medical practitioner and are therefore included.
Deviation from the definition:
- From 2014, data refer to professionally active physicians.
- Up to 2013, data refer to physicians licensed to practice.
- Up to and including 2012, age groups refer to 20-35 years old, 36-45 years old, 46-55 years old, 56-64 years old and 65 years old and over.
- Data for age groups not available for 2009 and 2010.
Break in time series: Break occurs in 2006 – up to and including 2004, data refer only to those registered with addresses in the Republic of Ireland. From 2006 on, those with overseas addresses are also included.
Note: The sum of the age groups does not add up to the total number of physicians as the Oral and Maxillo-Facial specialty is excluded from the total (as per ISCO). However, it was not possible to exclude this specialty from the age group breakdown. This only accounts for a small number of physicians. In 2012, data were not available by age/gender for the 288 doctors registered in the Supervised Division. As a result, the total physicians licensed does not equate to the totals of age and gender. Break in Series 2014: From 2014, data refer to doctors registered with the Medical Council of Ireland who, in the last 12 months, have declared themselves active and who have worked in Ireland either full or part-time, thus approximating the professionally active concept.
Israel
Source of data: The data are based on the Physicians License Registry maintained by the Medical Professions Division and the Health Information Division in the Ministry of Health, for which the demographic information and date of death are periodically updated from the Population Registry at the Ministry of Interior.
Coverage:
- Data are for all licensed physicians (including residents). The data include only physicians with valid licenses at the end of each reference year.
Deviation from the definition: Data are for the number of physicians licensed to practice.
Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Italy
Source of data:
- Since 2012: a) For General practitioners and General paediatricians practicing in the National Health System: Ministry of Health - General Directorate of digitalization, health information system and statistics - Office of Statistics. b) For Specialized physicians, Other generalist medical practitioners and General paediatricians not practicing in the National Health System: ISTAT provides data produced by CEGEDIM ITALIA - One Key database. http://crm.cegedim.com/solutions/data/data-overview/Pages/onekey-database.aspx.
- 1995-2011: ISTAT provided data produced by ENPAM (National Insurance Institute of physicians and dentists). www.enpam.it.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Data refer to practising physicians since 2012.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to physicians licensed to practice from 1995 to 2011.
Break in time series:
- Up to 2011: Physicians licensed to practice. Figures include dentists until 2004. Since 2005, dentists have been excluded.
- Since 2012, data refer to practising physicians.
Kazakhstan
Data not available.
Latvia
Source of data:
- Since 2005: Medical Persons' Register Health Inspectorate of Latvia. 2004 and earlier: Health Statistics and Medical Technologies State Agency; Statistical Report No.17 "Report About Medical Staff".
Deviation from definition: Data for years 2002-2004 refer to physicians licensed to practice, and not to practising physicians.
Reference period: 31 December Break in series: 2005: until 2005, data refers to physicians licensed to practice, and from 2005 to practising physicians.
Lithuania
Source of data: 2001-2006 – State Health Care Accreditation Agency under the Ministry of Health, Register of licenses, since 2007 – Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, data of entire annual survey of health establishments.
Reference period: 31st December
Break in time series: Data for 2001-2006 refer to physicians licensed to practice, data since 2007 refer to professionally active physicians (estimation).
Estimation method: as part of health institutions have not presented data on physicians by age and sex (about 13% of physicians), simple estimation has been made using age and sex structure of the existing disaggregated data.
Luxembourg
Source of data: Direction de la Sante - Service des statistiques. Register of doctors and health professionals.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Practising physicians, female physicians and male physicians, by age groups and total.
- Stomatologists and dental surgeons are included.
Malta
Source of data: Registers of the Medical Council. Data extracted at the Directorate for Health Information and Research.
Reference period: 31st December. Figures prior 2009 refer to physicians licensed to practice. Starting from 2009 figures are for practising physicians. Break in series: 2009. 2009: age of 9 (7 males and 2 females) practising physicians was unknown. 2010: age of 4 (1 male and 3 females) practising physicians was unknown. 2011: age of 2 (1 male and 1 female) practising physicians was unknown. Data on physicians from 2011 onwards had been updated by the Medical Council and more accurate figures within some age groups have been provided. 2012: age of 1 female practising physician was unknown 2013: age of 1 female practising physician was unknown
Montenegro
Source of data: The source for all data submitted is the Institute of Public Health. Some additional information can be found in Health Statistical Yearbooks available at http://www.ijzcg.me/
Reference period: December 31st.
Coverage: Only data from the public sector. Professionally active physicians are included. There are no data available for the age group of 65+.
Note: The data are provided for professional active physicians.
Netherlands
Source of data: Data based on BIG register (register of (para)medical professions) and SSB database (micro-integrated database of Statistics Netherlands with data from the municipal register, tax register, social security, and business register).
Deviation from the definition: Since 1999, data have referred to professionally active physicians. The figures for previous years refer to physicians licensed to practice.
Break in time series: 1999.
Norway
Source of data: Statistics Norway. Statistics on health-care personnel. Administrative registers. See www.ssb.no/hesospers_en/.
Reference period: 3rd week of November.
Coverage:
- 2002-2008 data include all personnel within HP1-HP3.
- 2009: data include all personnel within HP1-HP4.
- Personnel with a medical degree who are working in the relevant industries and for whom occupational data are missing are assumed to be practising physicians. Retired professionals and professionals working abroad are excluded and foreign professionals are included. Specialists in dental surgery are excluded.
Break in time series: 2009.
- Up to 2008, data include all personnel within HP1-HP3. From 2009, because of national registration and quality, it is also chosen to include physicians in HP4.
Poland
Source of data: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of National Defence and Central Statistical Office.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Physicians are categorised as practising or professionally active physicians based on the primary workplace.
- Since 2003 data from the Ministry of National Defence and the Ministry of Interior are included.
- Since 2004 teaching and administration staff are excluded.
- Since 2005 physicians with the primary work place being private medical offices, stationary social assistance facilities and nursing homes are included.
- Physicians working in prisons are excluded.
Break in time series:
- 2003, 2004, and 2005. See coverage notes above for description.
Portugal
Source of data: Statistics Portugal and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Head count data.
- Includes all physicians registered in the Portuguese Medical Association at the time of data collection, practising or not practising medicine.
- Data by age groups are not available.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to physicians licensed to practice.
Republic of Moldova
Data not available.
Romania
Source of data: Ministry of Health for 2004, National Institute of Statistics since 2005, Activity of Sanitary Units – annual survey performed by NIS.
Reference period: data as of 31st December.
Coverage:
- Physicians (ISCO/COR 2221) are defined as the persons who have completed studies in medicine at the university level and who are licensed to practice. Physicians’ tasks include: medical or surgical treatment for diagnosed illness of patients, conducting medical examination, making diagnosis and giving treatment diagnosed illnesses, disorders or injuries, establish curative and preventive medical measurement, relished reports and participate to scientific communication in medical field.
- The physicians who work in education field as teachers and physicians from health insurance field are not included as practising physicians. It was impossible to exclude physicians who have administrative function in health units because does not exist separate registrations.
- Were excluded from physicians: students, unemployed physicians in health field, retirement physicians, and physicians working abroad, physicians working in sales field even if they work in medical sales (ex. medical drugs).
- The data cover all physicians from public and private sector.
Deviation from the definition: From 2004 till to 2009 data refers to professionally active physicians, since 2010 data refer to practising physicians. Break in the series: 2010.
Russian Federation
Source of data: Annual reporting form ?17 «Information about the medical and pharmaceutical personnel", Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes only data for medical institutions of the Ministry of Health. Data from institutions of other ministries and private sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: Interns and resident physicians are not included.

Age groups’ disaggregation is different from the proposed by the questionnaire and is the following: under 36, 36-45, 46-55, 56-60, 61+. Data include doctors, dentists and doctors of maxillofacial surgery, and provided for "professionally active" category.
San Marino
Data not available.
Serbia
Source of data: Institute of Public Health of Serbia, National register on health care human resources. Data as of December 31. http://www.batut.org.rs/.
Coverage: Data for Kosovo-Metohija province are not included in the coverage of data for the Republic of Serbia. Data from health institutions under other ministries (military services, prisons, social services) than the Ministry of Health are not included. Data from private health sector are not included.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians
Slovakia
Source of data: National Health Information Center. Annual Report M (MZ SR) 1- 01 on structure and number of health professionals for all years (2008 – 2012) except 2007, Register of Health Professionals for year 2007.
Reference period: 31st December.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians.
Break in time series:
- In 2007, change of data source: Register of Health Professionals.
- In 2008, change of data source: Annual Report M (MZ SR) 1- 01 on structure and number of health professionals was used again.
Slovenia
Source of data: National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; National Health Care Providers Database.
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage:
- Practising physicians are those working in the health-care sector (primary and secondary care) including public health institutes and the health insurance institute.
- The National Health Care Providers Database is a registry with total (100 %) coverage of health workers.
Spain
Source of data: National Statistics Institute (INE). Economically Active Population Survey (several issues). http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t22/e308_mnu&file=inebase&N=&L=0.
Reference period: Annual average. Three-year moving averages (e.g. data reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997).
Coverage:
- Up to 2010, the data include “physicians and odontologists” from the National Occupations Classification (CNO-94 Spain, code 212) on 3-digit level. The information on 4 digit level is not available. The CNO-94 code 212 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-88 codes 2221 (medical doctors) and 2222 (dentists). It is not possible to separate “physicians and odontologists” on 3-digit level.
- From 2011 onwards the data are classified according to CNO-11 Spain, code 211. The CNO-11 code 211 is the Spanish equivalence of ISCO-08 code 221 (medical doctors). Dentists are not included in the ‘practising’ figures since 2011.
- The ‘practising’ data correspond to physicians whose activity (NACE) is within the health sector. The number of practising physicians was obtained by calculating the number of physicians employed in the health sector according to NACE rev.2 (chapter Q) since 2009, and similarly with NACE Rev.1 and NACE Rev.1.1 before 2009.
- Medical interns/residents are included in the data on health employment if they worked at least one hour in return for remuneration during the week prior to the interview (Survey reference week).
- Data analysis over time should be carried out with caution. Data are obtained from a survey and fluctuations in the data can occur for a number of reasons, one of them being the sampling errors. These variations can lead to false assumptions about trends. We advise users of time series data to carefully explore the relevant issues before drawing any conclusions about the reasons for year-on-year changes.
- During the first quarter of 2005 various changes have been introduced into the Economically Active Population Survey:
1. New variables have been included in accordance with Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Communities) requirements, set forth in Regulation 2257/2003.
2. A centralised procedure has been implemented for the process of the telephone interviews.
3. With the goal of further standardising the survey process, the questions of the questionnaire have been reformulated.
Deviation from the definition: Data include dentists until 2010.
Estimation method: In 2014, data series have been updated with Spanish population figures imported from Census 2011 and recalculated by using three-year moving averages in order to reduce the large year-to-year fluctuations in data derived from the LFS. The number reported in 1996 is an average of 1995-1997; the number for 2012 is an average of 2011-2013.
Sweden
Source of data: National Board of Health and Welfare, National Planning Support (NPS) register.
Reference period: 1st November.
Coverage:
- Head count data. Excludes non-practising physicians, retired professionals and professionals working abroad. Includes professionals who are foreigners.
- Physicians include all persons with a Swedish physician’s license and pre-licensed physicians employed within the health-care sector.
- 100 per cent coverage.
Switzerland
Source of data: FSO Federal Statistical Office, Neuchatel; Swiss Medical Association (FMH), Bern; medical statistics of physicians; yearly census.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians until 2007.
Break in time series: 2008. Since 2008, the data refer to practising physicians.
Tajikistan
Data not available.

TFYR Macedonia
Source of data: Institute for Public Health-Skopje. Report for health staff in health sector (3-00-60).
Reference period: 31st December.
Coverage: Up until 2005, the data sets for private sector are incomplete, because private sector physicians were not sending reports regularly to the relevant organisations. Since 2006, more strict controls for regular reporting were put into practice by the Ministry of Health, which resulted in very accurate report sending and vastly improved evidence of health personnel. Also, the new software from 2006 comprises private sector physicians. Break in the series: 2006.
Turkey
Source of data: From 2007 onwards: General Directorate for Health Services, Ministry of Health.
Coverage: Medical residents, specialists and GPs acting as managers are included.
Deviation from the definition: Data refer to professionally active physicians.
Estimation method: The number of female and male physicians across the country has been estimated based on the number of female and male professionally active physicians in the Ministry of Health hospitals.
Turkmenistan
Source of data: Report from of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. ? 17 “Health employment”
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: Includes data from institutions under the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, data from other Ministries or sectors not included.
Deviation from definition: Dentists are included in number of physicians by gender.
Note: data on physicians by age groups are not available.
Ukraine
Source of data: Centre of Health Statistics, Ministry of Health, Report form ? 17 “Health employment” of the Ministry of Health, other agencies and private entities.
Reference period: 31 December.
Deviation from the definition: Data on foreign physicians are not included. Data is provided for category “professionally active” physicians. Dentists are included in these data.
Break in time series: 2009, before 2009 data included only health professionals working in the institutions reporting to the Ministry of Health, starting from 2009 data coverage is complete.
Note: data by age groups are not available.
United Kingdom
Source of data:
- England: Health & Social Care Information Centre, General & Personal Medical Services Statistics and Medical & Dental Workforce Census; http://www.hscic.gov.uk/searchcatalogue?q=staff+numbers&area=&size=10&sort=Relevance.
- Northern Ireland: Hospital staff from the Human Resource Management System / Human Resource, Payroll, Travel & Subsistence system, DHSSPS, GP staff from Medlist, Business Services Organisation;
- Scotland: Information Services Division, Medical and Dental Census, GP Contractor Database, Scottish Workforce Information Standard System;
- Wales: Welsh Government: http://gov.wales/statistics-and-research/?topic=Health+and+social+care&lang=en.
Reference period: Data as of 30th September.
Coverage:
- Does not include private sector.
- Data exclude dental staff, optometrists/opticians, and locum staff.
- Northern Ireland: Data exclude bank staff, research fellows, clinical assistants and hospital/medical practitioners (who will likely already have been counted as General Practitioners on Medlist). Data from 2000 exclude staff on career breaks. Female physicians aged 65 years old and over have not been included due to the small number of staff. Data excludes GPs and OMPs as age/gender breakdown is not known.
Deviation from the definition:
- Scotland: Data exclude Ophthalmic Medical Practitioners.
- The age/gender breakdown does not equate to the overall Physicians total due to inconsistencies in the recording of dates of birth on the different sources:
a) England: There were a small number of physicians with unknown age/gender: three in 2005, two in 2006, 469 in 2007, 18 in 2009, 40 in 2010, 65 in 2011 and 2012. The age/gender breakdown also excludes a small number of Ophthalmic Medical Practitioners, which are included in total physicians.
b) Northern Ireland: Age/gender data excludes General Practitioners, Ophthalmic Medical Practitioners and those physicians whose age is not known.
c) Wales: The age/gender breakdown excludes a small number of Ophthalmic Medical Practitioners. There were a small number of physicians with unknown age/gender: two in 2010.
Estimation method:
- Wales: 2014 Welsh data were not available in time for this collection and so the previous year’s figure was updated from the estimate made last year and used instead. This will be updated with the correct data in next year’s collection.
Uzbekistan
Source of data: Institute of Health and Medical Statistics, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, reporting form 15-SSV “Report on Health personnel by categories”.
Reference period: 31 December.
Coverage: data include personnel working within the system of the Ministry of Health only.