EUROPEAN HEALTH INFORMATION GATEWAY
  • Number of nurses (full time equivalent) (Line chart)
  • Nurses (full time equivalent) per 100 000 (Bar chart)
  • Number of nurses (full time equivalent) (Bar chart)
Data set notes
European Health for All database (WHO)

The following abbreviations are used in the indicator titles:
•    SDR: age-standardized death rates (see HFA-DB user manual/Technical notes, page 13, for details)
•    FTE: full-time equivalent
•    PP: physical persons
•    PPP$: purchasing power parities expressed in US $, an internationally comparable scale reflecting the relative domestic purchasing powers of currencies.

Indicator notes
Number of nurses (FTE)
Indicator code: E992772.T

A nurse is a person who has completed a programme of basic nursing education and is qualified and authorized in his/her country to practise nursing in all settings for the promotion of health, prevention of illness, care of the sick and rehabilitation. Basic nursing education is a formally recognized programme of study (normally at least 2 years or more, including university level) which provides a broad and sound foundation for the practice of nursing and for post- basic education which develops specific competency.Some countries have difficulties in separating statistics on midwives from the total number of nursing personnel. Therefore it is recommended that midwives should be included in the broader category of nurses, but whenever possible statistics should also be provided separately for midwives. It is also proposed to include feldschers (physician's assistants - a category of health personnel present in some eastern European countries) under the broad category of nurses. The number of nurses at the end of the calendar year includes only active nurses, i.e. those working in hospitals, primary health care, nursing homes, etc. The number of nurses includes: qualified nurses; first- and second-level nurses; feldschers; midwives; and nurse specialists. It excludes: nursing auxiliaries (without formal education in nursing); other personnel without formal education in nursing. The number of working hours per week varies between countries, but normally should not be less than 35 hours. The number of FTE should be calculated by adding the full and appropriate proportion of part-time occupied posts._
Country notes
Albania
Physician's assistants are included.
Austria
Nurses in hospitals only, including midwives in hospitals. See also indicator 275210
Czechia
Source: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of CR (IHIS CR). Survey on health personnel.
*General nurses and midwives included. *Data relates to nurses working in health establishments.
Those working in social establishments are not included. *Until 1999 health establishments operated
by other central organs not included. Since 2004 data collected on basis of new legislation on
non-medical professions. *Double counting of workers working in more than one health establishment.
Denmark
Only includes nurses at hospitals.
Source: Salary and Employment Register
Estonia
See indicator 285202.
Finland
From 1990 information on the number of nurses and midwives has been received from Muncipal Personnel
Register covering public sector. The data on nurses and midwives working private sector is available
for all census years (1995 and 2000). The remaining years have been estimated by using the public -
private distribution for these years. Eurostat recommendations on nurse statistics (ISCO codes 32311
and 3232)were followed. Public health nurses and head nurses are not included.
Germany
For calculations the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) nurses (incl. midwives) actively
practising in public or private hospitals, primary health care, nursing homes and other health
facilities including self-employed has been used. Included are professional nurses and midwives with
a 3-year education and nurses with a 1-year education. Excluded are students who have not yet
graduated. The number of FTE is calculated by adding the full and appropriate proportion of
part-time occupied employees. Source: Federal Statistical Office, Health Care Personnel
Hungary
Source: Yearbook of Health Statistics of Central Statistical Office
Recalculated from 1990, and in accordance with the OECD and EUROSTAT data collection, the nurses
group includes all qualified nurses associate nurses, caring personnel, physiotherapists. Excluded
are midwives.
Israel
Source: Department of Health Information, Ministry of Health. Based on Labour Force Surveys, Central
Bureau of Statistics.
Lithuania
LHIC, annual report data.
Slovakia
See definition for indicator 275202.
Excluding attendant nurses from 1995
United Kingdom
1. Data refer to NHS employees only.
2. Data for England includes GP practice nurses.
4. Data includes midwives.
3. Data for Wales excludes bank staff.

Data prior to 2000 refer to Great Britain only. Data from 1995 are not comparable with pre-1995
figures, as a new system for classifying health care non-medical staff (including nurses) was
introduced.